A crore (/krɔːr/; abbreviated cr) or koti denotes ten million (10,000,000 or 107 in scientific notation) and is equal to 100 lakh in the Indian numbering system. It is written as 1,00,00,000 with the local style of digit group separators (a lakh is equal to one hundred thousand and is written as 1,00,000).[1]


Large amounts of money in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Nepal are often written in terms of crores. For example, 150,000,000 (one hundred and fifty million) is written as 'fifteen crore rupees', '15crore' or 'Rs 15 crore'.[1]

Trillions (in the short scale) of money are often written or spoken of in terms of lakh crore. For example, one trillion rupees is:

= One lakh crore rupees
= 1 lakh crore
= Rs 1 lakh crore
= Rs 105+7
= Rs 1012
= Rs 10,00,00,00,00,000 in Indian notation
= Rs 1,000,000,000,000 in Western notation

Lakh is also used in Sri Lanka; however, most Sri Lankans use the term koatiya (කෝටිය) or koti (கோடி) for crore when referring to money. The word crore is a borrowing from the Prakrit word kroḍi, is in turn from the Sanskrit koṭi,[2] denoting ten million in the Indian numbering system, which has separate terms for most powers of ten from 100 up to 1019. The crore is known by various regional names.

Indian languages

  • Assamese: কোটি kûti, কৌটি kouti
  • Bengali: কোটি ko̊ŧi
  • Hindi: करोड़/कोटि karoṛ or koti
  • Gujarati: કરોડ karoḍ
  • Kannada: ಕೋಟಿ koṭi
  • Khasi: klur or krur
  • Konkani: कोटि koṭi or करोऱ karoṛ
  • Malayalam: കോടി koḍi (often written kodi)
  • Marathi: कोटि koṭi
  • Nepali: करोड karoḍ
  • Odia: କୋଟି koṭi
  • Pāli: koṭi
  • Punjabi: کروڑ - ਕਰੋੜ karoṛ (often written karor)
  • Rohingya: kurul
  • Sanskrit:कोटयः kautayaɦ (singular-कोटि kauti)
  • Sindhi: ڪروڙ kiroṛu
  • Sinhala: කෝටිය koṭiya
  • Sylheti: কুটি kuṭi
  • Tamil: கோடி kōdi
  • Telugu: కోటి kōṭi
  • Urdu: کروڑ karoṛ

In other languages

  • Burmese: ကုဋေ [ɡədè] (increasingly archaic)
  • Chinese: 克若 or 克若 kèruò; 俱胝 jùzhī in Chinese Buddhist texts, but 一千萬 or 一千万 yī qiānwàn ("a thousand myriad") is used in ordinary contexts
  • Kapampangan: katâ / kata-katâ
  • Pashto: کروړ korur
  • Persian: کرور Krur / Korur
  • Tagalog: karora (archaic usage, also kotiha or kotiya). Sampúng milyón is normally used.
  • Thai: โกฏิ kot or kot̩i (from Pali koti, obsolete)

See also


  • Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Crore" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  1. "Knowing our Numbers". Department Of School Education And Literacy. National Repository of Open Educational Resources. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  2. Oxford English Dictionary, 1st ed., 1893, s.v. 'crore'

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