Croatian First Football League

The Croatian First Football League (Croatian: Prva hrvatska nogometna liga, pronounced [pr̩̂ːʋaː xř̩ʋaːtskaː nôɡomeːtnaː lǐːɡa]), (also known as Prva HNL or 1. HNL) or for sponsorship reasons the Hrvatski Telekom Prva Liga, is the top Croatian professional football league competition, established in 1992.[1] The winners enter the qualifying stages of the UEFA Champions League. Dinamo Zagreb are the most successful club with 20 titles overall. They are followed by Hajduk Split with six titles. Rijeka and NK Zagreb each have won one title.

Croatian First Football League
Founded1992
CountryCroatia
ConfederationUEFA
Number of teams10
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toCroatian Second League
Domestic cup(s)Croatian Football Cup
Croatian Super Cup
International cup(s)UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
Current championsDinamo Zagreb (20th title)
(2018–19)
Most championshipsDinamo Zagreb
(20 titles)
Most appearancesJakov Surać (453)
Top goalscorerDavor Vugrinec (146)
TV partnersT-Hrvatski Telekom
(Arenasport)
HNTV
Websiteprvahnl.hr
2019–20 season

Since 2003, the league has been named after its main sponsor, giving it the following names (Logos see below):

Overview

The league was formed in 1991, following the dissolution of the Yugoslav First League, and is operated by the Croatian Football Federation. Since its formation, the league went through many changes in its system and number of participating clubs. In the first three seasons two points were awarded for a win, from 1994–95 season this was changed to three points. Each season starts in late July or early August and ends in May, with a two-month hiatus between December and February. Currently, there are ten teams participating in the league.

The first season started in February 1992 and ended in June 1992. A total of twelve clubs contested the league and at the end of the season no teams were relegated as it was decided that the league would expand to 16 clubs for the following season. This was followed by another expansion to 18 teams in 1993–94 season, highest number of participating teams in Prva HNL history. The following season, number of teams was reduced again to 16. 1995–96 Prva HNL was the first season to feature separate A- and B- leagues, with a complicated two-stage format to the season. Twelve teams contested the A league, while the B league, formally the second level, consisted of ten teams. In March, the teams were split into three groups: Championship group (consisting of first five teams from A league and the first-placed team of the B league), A play-off group (remaining teams from A league and the second-placed team of the B league) and B play-off group (remaining teams from B league). The first two teams of the B play-off group were placed in the A league for the following season, which featured 16 teams in both A and B league. In the 1997–98 Prva HNL, the league consisted of 12 team and a new format was used. In March, teams were split into two groups of six, Championship and Relegation group, with 50% of their points taken to this phase of the competition. At the end of the season, the last team was directly relegated to the Druga HNL and the second-last team went in the relegation play-off, a two-legged tie against the second-placed team from the Druga HNL. This system was used for two seasons, followed by 1999–2000 Prva HNL where each club playing every other club three times for a total of 33 rounds. Next season featured a return of Championship and Relegation group system but without 50% points cutoff. This system was used until 2005–06 season, with a brief expansion to 16 teams in 2001–02 season. The 2006–07 season brought back a 33 rounds system previously used in 1999–2000 Prva HNL. In the 2009–10 season, the league was expanded to 16 teams. This lasted for three seasons, and in the 2012–13 Prva HNL season, the league was contested by 12 teams playing a total of 33 rounds. From the 2013–14 Prva HNL season, number of teams was reduced to ten.

The league's main sponsor is T-Hrvatski Telekom, owned by the German telecommunications firm Deutsche Telekom. At the end of the 2014–15 season, Croatian First Football League was ranked 17th in Europe. The champions of the 2015–16 Croatian First Football League will qualify for the second qualifying round of the UEFA Champions League, the runners-up will qualify for the second qualifying round of UEFA Europa League, while the third-placed team will qualify for the first qualifying round of UEFA Europa League. The winners of the 2015–16 Croatian Football Cup will qualify for the third qualifying round of UEFA Europa League.

Members for 2019–20

The following ten clubs will contest the 2019–20 Croatian First Football League season, the 29th season since the league's establishment.

Half of the clubs currently competing in the Croatian top level also had spells in the Yugoslav First League before Croatian clubs abandoned it in 1991 – as of the 2019–20 season five out of nine Croatian clubs which had appeared in the Yugoslav top division at some point between 1945 and 1991 compete in the Croatian top level – the remaining four Cibalia, RNK Split, NK Zagreb and Trešnjevka competing in the lower levels.

As of 2019, four of the 12 founding members of the league have never been relegated: Dinamo Zagreb, Hajduk Split, Osijek and Rijeka.

Club
Position
in 2018–19
First season in
top division
Number of seasons
in top division
Number of seasons
in 1. HNL
First season of
current spell in
top division
Top division
titles
Last top division title
Dinamo Zagreb0011st1946–4774291946–4724 nb12018–19
Gorica0055th2018–19222018–190N/A
Hajduk Split0044th19239129192315 nb22004–05
Inter Zaprešić0088th199220202015–160N/A
Istra 19610099th2004–0514142009–100N/A
Lokomotiva0066th1946–4720112009–100N/A
Osijek0033rd1953–5445291981–820N/A
Rijeka0022nd1946–4758291974–7512016–17
Slaven Belupo0077th1997–9823231997–980N/A
VaraždinZZZ1st in 2. HNL2019–20112019–200N/A

† – One of the 12 founding members of the league in the inaugural 1992 season.
‡ – Appeared in all 29 seasons up to and including the 2019–20 season.
nb1 – Dinamo Zagreb tally includes four Yugoslav and 20 Croatian league titles.
nb2 – Hajduk Split tally includes nine Yugoslav and six Croatian league titles.

1. HNL teams in European competitions

The breakup of Yugoslavia saw top flight league split into several smaller ones. This meant separation of Croatian football association from the Football Association of Yugoslavia and launch of their own football league. Prva HNL saw its first edition in 1992. Hajduk Split and HAŠK Građanski took part in European competitions on account of qualification secured at the end of the 1990–91 Yugoslav football season: HAŠK Građanski were runners-up in the 1990–91 Yugoslav First League and qualified for 1991–92 UEFA Cup while Hajduk Split won the 1990–91 Yugoslav Cup and entered 1991–92 European Cup Winners' Cup. Due to war both clubs had to host their European matches abroad, in Austria.

Affected by the ongoing war in Croatia, the first Prva HNL season was held over the course of a single calendar year, from February to June 1992. Neither Hajduk Split (1992 Croatian champions) nor Inker Zaprešić (1992 Croatian Cup winners) could enter European competitions the following 1992–93 season as the Croatian Football Federation, the league's governing body, wasn't yet recognized by UEFA and officially became its affiliate as late as June 1993.

Only five times in history have HNL teams entered the group stages of UEFA Champions League. In the 1994–95 season, Hajduk Split eliminated Legia Warsaw in the qualifying round and entered the group stage. They advanced to quarterfinals as group runners-up behind Benfica but were eliminated by eventual winners Ajax. In the 1998–99 season, Croatia Zagreb qualified over Celtic and finished in second place behind Olympiacos, but failed to advance as only first place teams and two best runners-up went through. The following season, Croatia also entered the group stage after eliminating MTK Budapest in the third qualifying round. Drawn in the group with Manchester United, Olympique Marseille and Sturm Graz, they finished last, winning only against Sturm and drawing away at Manchester and Marseille. In the 2011–12 season, Dinamo Zagreb advanced through three qualifying rounds and were drawn in the group with Real Madrid, Lyon and Ajax. They lost all six group stage matches, setting new records for worst goal difference (–19) and most goals conceded (22). The following season, Dinamo Zagreb also advanced to the group stages and was drawn in the group with Dynamo Kyiv, Paris Saint-Germain and Porto. They lost five group matches, drawing with Dynamo Kyiv in the last round.

UEFA rankings

Source: Bert Kassies' website (country rankings; team rankings); last updated 18 May 2019

Media coverage

In past, only one match in each round (derby match) was broadcast on television. In the 2008–09 season there were some changes. Croatian national TV Network (HRT) started the new TV show Volim Nogomet (I Love Football), made in association with league's main sponsor T-Com. In the show, five matches were broadcast combined on Sunday afternoons, while the derby match was on program at 20.15 CET, so viewers could watch all the matches. There were also experts in the studio, commenting on matches and other things non-related to football. Main initiator of the project was famous Croatian football player and then president of T-Com 1. HNL organisation Igor Štimac.[5] Most of the clubs weren't satisfied with the scheduling of fixtures and demanded a move from Sunday afternoon to Saturday evening. This was done at the start of the following season and the only match played on Sunday was the derby match.[6][7] However, during the mid-season project was cancelled and the old system with one broadcast per round was returned.[8]

In November 2010, broadcasting rights were sold to marketing agency Digitel Komunikacije for a period of five years, beginning with 2011–12 season. After the negotiations fell through with public broadcasting television HRT, which covered Prva HNL for the past twenty seasons, Digitel signed a deal with T-Hrvatski Telekom. The matches are currently broadcast on Arenasport, a cable television network with five channels, available to subscribers of MAXtv, IPTV solution from T-HT subsidiary T-Com. All matches are broadcast live every week on Arenasport. All highlights are displayed on Sunday evening on RTL 2 and HRT 2.[9][10]

Attendance

Season
Total attendance
Number of
matches
Average attendance
per match
Ref
1992376,4351322,896[11]
1992–931,006,3502404,264[11]
1993–94851,6003062,820[11]
1994–95879,4002403,664[11]
1995–96940,2703642,612[11]
1996–97687,9502402,903[11]
1997–98684,4001923,602[11]
1998–99745,7281923,884[12]
1999–00515,7901982,605[12]
2000–01546,6241922,847[12]
2001–02573,8402402,391[12]
2002–03635,5201923,310[12]
2003–04570,8161922,973[12]
2004–05541,4401922,820[12]
2005–06633,7921923,301[12]
2006–07622,9081983,146[12]
2007–08616,5721983,114[12]
2008–09617,0501983,116[13]
2009–10500,0022402,083[13]
2010–11458,7462401,911[14]
2011–12482,0022402,087[11]
2012–13497,1881982,511[11]
2013–14573,0701803,202[11]
2014–15489,1591802,733[11]
2015–16442,9521802,461[11]
2016–17492,0411802,734[11]
2017–18530,6381802,948[11]
2018–19478,7601802,660[11]

Champions

Key
00 League champions also won the Croatian Football Cup, i.e. they completed the domestic Double.
Season Champions (titles) Runners-up Third place Top league scorer
Player (Club) Nat. Goals
1992 Hajduk Split (1) NK Zagreb Osijek Ardian Kozniku (Hajduk Split)  CRO 12
1992–93 Croatia Zagreb (1) Hajduk Split NK Zagreb Goran Vlaović (Croatia Zagreb)  CRO 23
1993–94 Hajduk Split (2) NK Zagreb Croatia Zagreb Goran Vlaović (Croatia Zagreb)  CRO 29
1994–95 Hajduk Split (3) Croatia Zagreb Osijek Robert Špehar (Osijek)  CRO 23
1995–96 Croatia Zagreb (2) Hajduk Split Varteks Igor Cvitanović (Croatia Zagreb)  CRO 19
1996–97 Croatia Zagreb (3) Hajduk Split Hrvatski Dragovoljac Igor Cvitanović (Croatia Zagreb)  CRO 20
1997–98 Croatia Zagreb (4) Hajduk Split Osijek Mate Baturina (NK Zagreb)  CRO 18
1998–99 Croatia Zagreb (5) Rijeka Hajduk Split Joško Popović (Šibenik)  CRO 21
1999–00 Dinamo Zagreb (6) Hajduk Split Osijek Tomo Šokota (Dinamo Zagreb)  CRO 21
2000–01 Hajduk Split (4) Dinamo Zagreb Osijek Tomo Šokota (Dinamo Zagreb)  CRO 20
2001–02 NK Zagreb (1) Hajduk Split Dinamo Zagreb Ivica Olić (NK Zagreb)  CRO 21
2002–03 Dinamo Zagreb (7) Hajduk Split Varteks Ivica Olić (Dinamo Zagreb)  CRO 16
2003–04 Hajduk Split (5) Dinamo Zagreb Rijeka Robert Špehar (Osijek)  CRO 18
2004–05 Hajduk Split (6) Inter Zaprešić NK Zagreb Tomislav Erceg (Rijeka)  CRO 17
2005–06 Dinamo Zagreb (8) Rijeka Varteks Ivan Bošnjak (Dinamo Zagreb)  CRO 22
2006–07 Dinamo Zagreb (9) Hajduk Split NK Zagreb Eduardo (Dinamo Zagreb)  CRO 34
2007–08 Dinamo Zagreb (10) Slaven Belupo Osijek Želimir Terkeš (Zadar)  BIH 21
2008–09 Dinamo Zagreb (11) Hajduk Split Rijeka Mario Mandžukić (Dinamo Zagreb)  CRO 16
2009–10 Dinamo Zagreb (12) Hajduk Split Cibalia Davor Vugrinec (NK Zagreb)  CRO 18
2010–11 Dinamo Zagreb (13) Hajduk Split RNK Split Ivan Krstanović (NK Zagreb)  BIH 19
2011–12 Dinamo Zagreb (14) Hajduk Split Slaven Belupo Fatos Bećiraj (Dinamo Zagreb)  MNE 15
2012–13 Dinamo Zagreb (15) Lokomotiva Rijeka Leon Benko (Rijeka)  CRO 19
2013–14 Dinamo Zagreb (16) Rijeka Hajduk Split Duje Čop (Dinamo Zagreb)  CRO 22
2014–15 Dinamo Zagreb (17) Rijeka Hajduk Split Andrej Kramarić (Rijeka)  CRO 21
2015–16 Dinamo Zagreb (18) Rijeka Hajduk Split Ilija Nestorovski (Inter Zaprešić)  MKD 25
2016–17 Rijeka (1) Dinamo Zagreb Hajduk Split Márkó Futács (Hajduk Split)  HUN 18
2017–18 Dinamo Zagreb (19) Rijeka Hajduk Split El Arabi Hillel Soudani (Dinamo Zagreb)  ALG 17
2018–19 Dinamo Zagreb (20) Rijeka Osijek Mijo Caktaš (Hajduk Split)  CRO 19

Notes on name changes:

  • Dinamo Zagreb changed their name to "HAŠK Građanski" in June 1991 and then again in February 1993 to "Croatia Zagreb". They won five league titles and participated in the 1998–99 and 1999–2000 UEFA Champions League group stages carrying that name before reverting to "Dinamo Zagreb" mid-season in February 2000.
  • Koprivnica-based Slaven Belupo were formerly known as "Slaven" until 1992. They were then known as "Slaven Bilokalnik" from 1992 to 1994 before adopting their current name in 1994 for sponsorship reasons, after a pharmaceutical company based in Koprivnica. Since UEFA does not recognize sponsored club names, the club is listed as "Slaven Koprivnica" in European competitions and on UEFA's official website.

Performance by club

Club Champions Runners-up Third place
Dinamo Zagreb 20 4 2
Hajduk Split 6 12 6
Rijeka 1 7 3
NK Zagreb 1 2 3
Slaven Belupo 1 1
Inter Zaprešić 1
Lokomotiva 1
Osijek 7
Varteks 3
Cibalia 1
Hrvatski Dragovoljac 1
RNK Split 1

Titles won by club (%)

  Dinamo Zagreb – 20 (71.4%)
  Hajduk Split – 6 (21.4%)
  Other clubs – 2 (7.2%)

All-time HNL table

All-time HNL table[15][16]
Pos Team S Pts GP W D L GF GA 1st 2nd 3rd T Debut Since/
Last App
Best
1GNK Dinamo Zagreb2820509036281661092255792204226199219921
2HNK Hajduk Split2817059034992111931816946612624199219921
3HNK Rijeka2814619074052462561499114517311199219921
4NK Osijek281277903349230324140113580077199219923
5NK Zagreb24104375928618528811631160123619922015-161
6NK Slaven Belupo22944725245209271988106601121997–981997–982
7NK Varteks2187065424314226910471076003319922011-123
8HNK Cibalia228186992101883018481101001119922017–183
9NK Inter Zaprešić19722611190152269751973010119922015–162
10HNK Šibenik18672562176144242694848000019922011–124
11NK Zadar206495971691422867411159000019922014–156
12NK Lokomotiva104703391317713145745501012009–102009–102
13NK Istra 19611345543611112220347165900002004–052009–106
14RNK Split731223781698725326200112010–112016–173
15NK Hrvatski Dragovoljac731223781698732745500111995–962013–143
16NK Istra72432156548102215312000019921999–20006
17NK Kamen Ingrad621719159409231438600002001–022006–074
18HNK Segesta520716055426319720600001992–931996–978
19NK Marsonia620219053439426941600001994–952003–045
20NK Međimurje515016040309022739000002004–052009–109
21Mladost 127412810834264811914900001995-961998–999
22NK Karlovac3112902926358210300002009–102011–126
23NK Belišće3939424214911517000001992–931994–9512
24HNK Dubrovnik 19193778618234554133000019921993–9411
25NK Pomorac Kostrena27262191528789300002001-022002–037
26NK Čakovec271621914297810900002000-012001–027
27NK Pazinka26564152029719500001992–931993–9411
28NK Primorac 1929260641817296910300001993–941994–9514
29HNK Gorica1593617811574600002018-192018-195
30NK Rudeš254721315446714200002017–182018–198
31NK Croatia Sesvete23963913416114700002008–092009–1012
32NK Radnik Velika Gorica23364129434716100001992–931993–9413
33NK Samobor132329518345500001997–981997–9812
34NK Lučko1313061311293600002011–122011–1213
35HNK Vukovar '91130337917325600001999–20001999–200012
36NK Dubrava130347918286300001993–941993–9417
37HNK Orijent 19191263051114285300001996–971996–9714
38NK Neretva1233041115204400001996–971994–9515
39NK TŠK Topolovac114304224319500002001–022001–0216
40NK Varaždin0000000000002019-202019-20-
Notes
  • Note: 2019-20 league status is shown only for top flight sides due to upcoming format changes in lower leagues.
League or status for 2018-19 season
2018–19 Croatian First Football League
2018–19 Croatian Second Football League
2018–19 Croatian Third Football League
Lower leagues
No longer exists

Top scorers

All-time top scorers in the Prva HNL
RankPlayerGoals
1 Davor Vugrinec146
2 Igor Cvitanović126
3 Joško Popović111
4 Miljenko Mumlek107
5 Tomislav Erceg97
6 Ivan Krstanović96
7 Nino Bule88
8 Renato Jurčec87
9 Robert Špehar86
10 Marijo Dodik84
(Bold denotes players still playing in the Prva HNL,
italics denotes players still playing professional football).[17]

Players in the Prva HNL compete for the Prva HNL Top scorer trophy, awarded to the top scorer at the end of each season. Former Dinamo Zagreb striker Igor Cvitanović held the record for most Prva HNL goals with 126 until April 2012. Cvitanović finished among the top ten goal scorers in 7 out of his 11 seasons in the Prva HNL and won the top scorer title two times. During the 1997–98 season, he became the first player to score 100 Prva HNL goals. On 14 April 2012, Davor Vugrinec scored his 127th goal and surpassed Cvitanović's record.[18] Vugrinec retired in May 2015 with 146 goals on his tally. Only two other players have reached the 100-goal mark, Joško Popović and Miljenko Mumlek.

Since the first Prva HNL season in 1992, 19 different players have won the top scorers title. Goran Vlaović, Robert Špehar, Igor Cvitanović, Tomislav Šokota and Ivica Olić have won two titles each. Dinamo Zagreb provided most top scorers in Prva HNL with 12. Eduardo holds the record for most goals in a season with 34, done with Dinamo Zagreb in the 2006–07 season.[19] Six goals is the record individual scoring total for a player in a single Prva HNL match, held by Marijo Dodik.[20]

Dinamo Zagreb became the first team to have scored 1,000 goals in the league after Etto scored in a 4–0 victory over NK Zagreb in the 2005–06 season.[21] The highest-scoring match to date in the Prva HNL occurred on 12 December 1993 when Dinamo Zagreb defeated minnows NK Pazinka 10–1.[22]

Most appereances in Prva HNL

Most appereances in the Prva HNL
RankPlayerAppereances
1 Jakov Surać453
2 Miljenko Mumlek398
3 Damir Vuica372
4 Krunoslav Rendulić355
5 Davor Vugrinec340
6 Mladen Bartolović338
7 Josip Bulat318
8 Damir Krznar315
9 Nino Bule310
10 Hrvoje Štrok305
(Bold denotes players still playing in the Prva HNL,
italics denotes players still playing professional football).

Awards

There are three awards for best players in the Croatian First League:

References

  1. "Croatia - List of Champions". RSSSF. 1992. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  2. "Prva HNL Ožujsko" (in Croatian). Vjesnik. 19 September 2003. Retrieved 3 December 2009.
  3. "Prva HNL promijenila ime u T-Com Prva hrvatska nogometna liga" (in Croatian). T-Hrvatski Telekom. 24 May 2007. Retrieved 3 December 2009.
  4. "MAXtv PRVA LIGA službeni naziv lige" (in Croatian). Prva-HNL.hr. 9 September 2011. Archived from the original on 25 September 2011. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
  5. "HTV i HNL spremni za nogometnu nedjelju". Sportnet.hr (in Croatian). 16 September 2008. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
  6. "Klubovi ne dobivaju dovoljno za Volim nogomet". Sportnet.hr (in Croatian). 17 June 2009. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
  7. Vuković, Marin (3 July 2009). "HNL opet u subotnjem terminu". Sportnet.hr (in Croatian). Retrieved 21 May 2011.
  8. Strahija, Ivana (22 January 2010). "Jukić: Gotovo je s Volim nogomet". Sportnet.hr (in Croatian). Retrieved 21 May 2011.
  9. "HRT ove sezone bez HNL-a". Sportnet.hr (in Croatian). 6 July 2011. Retrieved 8 August 2011.
  10. Štrbinić, Lovro (19 July 2011). "Laljak: Klubovi su zadovoljni". Sportnet.hr (in Croatian). Retrieved 8 August 2011.
  11. "Statistika prvenstava" (in Croatian). HRnogomet.com. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
  12. Jutarnji list (in Croatian). 6 April 2010. p. 97. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. Redžić, Dea (14 May 2010). "2.092 gledatelja po utakmici: Nas je sramota, srami li se i HNS?" (in Croatian). Index.hr. Retrieved 14 May 2010.
  14. "Prva HNL 10/11: Broj gledatelja po klubovima - Domaći" (PDF) (in Croatian). Prva-HNL.hr. 23 May 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 August 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2011.
  15. "All time 1.HNL table". worldfootball.net. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  16. "Ukupna tablica klubova" (in Croatian). HRnogomet.com. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  17. "Strijelci". hrnogomet.com (in Croatian). Retrieved 15 July 2019.
  18. Zovko, Ante (15 April 2012). "Vugrinec: Ne razmišljam o umirovljenju". Sportnet.hr (in Croatian). Retrieved 8 September 2013.
  19. "Eduardo osvojio Trofej T-Com najbolji strijelac". Prva-HNL.hr (in Croatian). 26 April 2008. Archived from the original on 24 December 2010. Retrieved 10 April 2011.
  20. So., D. (26 October 2000). "Dodik: Jurčec i ja najbolji smo dvojac Lige!". Sportnet.hr (in Croatian). Retrieved 10 April 2011.
  21. Pacak, Tomislav (18 September 2005). "Zagreb - Dinamo: Et(t)o tisućitog pogotka". Sportnet.hr (in Croatian). Retrieved 10 April 2011.
  22. Bariša, Mladen (24 September 2001). "Bez kormilara". Sportnet.hr (in Croatian). Retrieved 10 April 2011.
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