Crisis Response Operation Core

The Crisis Response Operation Core (CROC) is a flagship European Union (EU) defence project under development as part of Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO). CROC will contribute to the creation of a "full spectrum force package" to speed up provision of military forces and the EU's crisis management capabilities.[1]

Crisis Response Operation Core
Lead Nation
  Other PESCO states
CountryEuropean Union
AllegianceEuropean Union
Part ofPermanent Structured Cooperation


Rather than creating a standing force, the project involves creating a concrete catalogue of military force elements that would speed up the establishment of a force when the EU decides to launch an operation. It is land-focused and aims to generate a force of 60,000 troops from the contributing states alone. While it does not establish any form of "European army", it foresees a deployable, interoperable force under a single command.[2]

Notable Partners

Germany is leading the project, but France is also heavily involved as the subject is tied to President Emmanuel Macron's proposal to create a standing intervention force. France views this project as an example of what the Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) is all about.[3]

Core Participating states


See also


  1. Project outlines
  2. European Defence: What’s in the CARDs for PESCO?
  3. Barigazzi, Jacopo (10 December 2017). "EU unveils military pact projects". Politico. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.