Crime in Louisiana

This article refers to crime in the U.S. state of Louisiana.

Statistics

According to the Louisiana Uniform Crime reporting program, there were 193,902 crimes reported in Louisiana in 2012. All categories of crime decreased in 2012 from 2011, except for robbery, which saw a 4.6% increase. Louisiana's overall crime rate, at 4,037.5, ranked fourth among U.S. states in 2012. Among the ten largest cities in Louisiana, the town of Alexandria had the highest crime rate at 9,174.6 crimes per 100,000 people.

Property crimes represented 88% of all reported criminal acts in 2012. There were 162,936 property crimes committed in Louisiana that year. Property crimes include burglary, larceny/theft and motor vehicle theft. The rate for property crimes in 2012 stood at 3,540.6 which was a 3.9% decrease from 2011. Police reported 15,740 aggravated assaults for a rate of 342.0. This marked a 14.8% drop in the aggravated assault rate from 2011; the largest decrease of all crimes. Louisiana ranked eighth in the aggravated assault rate among U.S. states in 2012. In addition, 1,158 incidents of forcible rape were recorded by police in 2012 for a rate of 25.2. The forcible rape rate decreased 8.8% from 2011. Louisiana ranked 37th in the rate of forcible rape among U.S. states in 2012. Despite a 2.8% decrease in its murder rate for 2012, Louisiana had the highest murder rate among U.S. states at 10.8 homicides per 100,000 people. The total number of homicides perpetrated in Louisiana in 2012 were 495, a decrease of 11 murders from 2011. Firearms accounted for 370 murders or 81% of all homicides. With 193 homicides, New Orleans had the highest total number of murders for any city in Louisiana. Two police officers were murdered in the line of duty in 2012.[1]

Louisiana had the highest incarceration rate (847.1 per 100,000) among U.S. states in 2013 for the 16th consecutive year. In 2012, Louisiana's prison population stood at 41,248, a 3.9% increase from 2011, for an incarceration rate of 893 prisoners per 100,000 people.[2]

Homicide statistics

Louisiana experienced the highest per capita murder rate (11.4 per 100,000) among all U.S. states in 2018 for the 30th consecutive year (1989–2018), according to The 2018 FBI Uniform Crime Report.[3] Louisiana averaged 13.7 murders per 100,000, compared to the U.S. average of 6.6 murders per 100,000 from 1989- 2014.

Louisiana murder rates per 100,000

[4] [5]

YearMurder rateYearMurder rate
1989 14.9 2001 11.2
1990 17.2 2002 13.2
1991 16.9 2003 13.0
1992 17.4 2004 12.7
1993 20.3 2005 10.0
1994 19.8 2006 13.1
1995 17.0 2007 14.7
1996 17.5 2008 12.3
1997 15.7 2009 11.8
1998 12.8 2010 11.2
1999 10.7 2011 11.2
2000 12.5 2012 10.8

Crime statistics: 19952011 (non-homicide)

Crime totals by offense in the state of Louisiana from 1995 through 2011 as recorded by the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports.[4]

YearPopulationTotal   ViolentProperty
Crimes
Forcible rapeRobberyAggravated
assault
BurglaryLarceny
Theft
Vehicle
Theft
19944,342,000289,87343,741246,1321,85511,66229,48453,481166,6670
19964,351,000297,55640,426257,1301,80512,03625,82356,379173,27127,480
19974,352,000280,67137,248243,4231,79910,40724,36053,935163,11426,374
19984,369,000266,43534,057232,3781,6098,65123,23751,210157,50723,661
19994,372,000251,25232,033219,2191,4487,59122,52647,775149,74921,695
20004,468,976242,34430,440211,9041,4977,53220,85146,289144,34521,270
20014,465,430238,37130,678207,6931,4047,86420,91046,451139,55521,687
20024,482,646228,52829,690198,8381,5297,12320,44545,350133,30220,186
20034,493,665222,32028,622193,6981,6017,00819,42944,572129,47119,655
20044,515,770227,99728,844199,1531,6166,56420,09045,359134,08019,714
20054,523,628193,50026,889166,6111,4215,33719,68139,382112,84014,389
20064,287,768201,15829,919171,2391,5625,72922,09844,986110,61315,640
20074,293,204206,30831,317174,9911,3936,08323,23344,602115,20915,180
20084,410,796197,57428,944168,6301,2325,99421,19143,320111,56713,743
20094,492,076198,30527,849170,4561,3596,10519,85546,246112,49311,717
20104,533,372190,24324,886165,3571,2335,21117,93245,435110,0299,893
20114,574,836194,15025,406168,7441,2685,23918,38646,320113,3019,123

By location

New Orleans

In 2018, New Orleans had 146 murders, the lowest annual murder rate since 1971.[6] Other violent crimes in 2018 also experienced a drop from previous years. New Orleans had the highest murder rate of any major American city in 2000 (42.1 per 100,000 people) 2001 (44.0 per 100,000) 2002 (53.1 per 100,000) 2003 (57.7 per 100,000) 2004 (56.0 per 100,000) 2006 (70 per 100,000) 2007 (81 per 100,000) 2008 (63.6 per 100,000) 2009 (52 per 100,000) 2010 (51 per 100,000) and 2011 {57.6 per 100,000} as well.

Baton Rouge

In 2011, there were 15,134 crimes committed in Baton Rouge, including 64 murders, 51 forcible rapes, and 12,666 property crimes. The murder rate in Baton Rouge for 2011 was the 8th highest in the nation among large cities at 27.6 per 100,000.[7][8] Baton Rouge also had the 25th highest violent crime rate in the U.S. in 2011 with a rate of 1,065.7 violent crimes per 100,000, surpassing New Orleans at 792 per 100,000.[9] The Baton Rouge Police Department currently employs 789 police personnel (police officers, dispatchers and specialty positions).[10]

Capital punishment laws

Capital punishment is applied in Louisiana. Executions are carried out by lethal injection at the Louisiana State Penitentiary (also known as Angola) and the Louisiana Correctional Institute for Women at St. Gabriel.[11]

The first recorded execution in Louisiana occurred on September 24, 1722, when an unnamed man was hanged for theft.[12] The most recent execution took place on January 7, 2010 when Gerald J. Bordelon was put to death for the murder of his stepdaughter, Courtney Leblanc. It was the first execution in Louisiana since 2002.[13]

On June 29, 1972, the U.S. Supreme Court issued a ruling in Furman v. Georgia, which halted capital punishment in the United States. Prior to this moratorium, however, Louisiana had not carried out an execution since Jesse James Ferguson was put to death in 1961.[14] Capital punishment was reinstated in Louisiana in 1976 following the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Gregg v. Georgia. The first execution to occur in the state following the lifting of the moratorium was on December 14, 1983, when Robert W. Williams was electrocuted.[14] In total, Louisiana has executed 660 people. Eight convicted death row inmates have been exonerated in Louisiana since 1976.[11]

Notable criminals

References

  1. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-10-26. Retrieved 2014-10-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/p12ac.pdf
  3. "Louisiana tops murder rate again, new FBI data shows". Retrieved 2016-10-05.
  4. "Crime in the United States". FBI. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
  5. Effgen, Christopher. "Louisiana Crime Rates 1960 - 2015". www.disastercenter.com. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  6. https://www.nola.com/news/crime_police/article_5a55e4d0-d958-582f-af70-645af3ab9c0f.html
  7. "U.C.R.; Baton Rouge". Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  8. "Baltimore falls out of top 5 murder rate cities". Los Angeles Times. 2012-06-11. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  9. Grillot, Chris. "Baton Rouge the 25th most dangerous city". LSUNow.com. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  10. "Frequently Asked Questions". ci.baton-rouge.la.us. Archived from the original on 2007-04-10. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  11. "Death Penalty Info: Louisiana". Archived from the original on 25 January 2010. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  12. http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/documents/ESPYstate.pdf
  13. "Louisiana man executed for killing stepdaughter in 2002". NOLA.com. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  14. "Lewiston Morning Tribune: Robert Wayne Williams execution". Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  15. Schwartz, Nelson D.; Bhattarai, Abha (2008-06-14). "The Search for a Missing Trader Goes Global". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  16. "The 'Voodoo' Murders of Clementine Barnabet, Who Claimed to Have Killed 35 People". 2017-08-02. Retrieved 2018-03-08.
  17. "Clementine Barnabet: The Dark Mystery of Louisiana's Voodoo Axe Murders | Real Crime". www.realcrimedaily.com. Retrieved 2016-10-05.
  18. "WOMAN CONFESSES KILLING 17 NEGROES; Leader of Church of Sacrifice Explains Creed Which Called for Wholesale Murders" (PDF). Retrieved 2017-07-13.
  19. Davis, Miriam. "The Axeman of New Orleans Preyed on Italian Immigrants". Smithsonian. Retrieved 2019-05-01.
  20. "10 Famous Homicides In New Orleans That Will Never Be Forgotten". Retrieved 2016-10-05.
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