Craig William Levein (born 22 October 1964) is a Scottish professional football player and coach. During his playing career he played for Cowdenbeath and Heart of Midlothian, making over 300 league appearances for the Edinburgh club until he was forced to retire by injury. He also won 16 caps for Scotland and was part of their 1990 FIFA World Cup squad.
Levein as manager of Scotland in 2012
|Full name||Craig William Levein|
|Date of birth||22 October 1964|
|Place of birth||Dunfermline, Scotland|
|1983–1997||Heart of Midlothian||326||(15)|
|2000–2004||Heart of Midlothian|
|2014–2019||Heart of Midlothian (D.F.)|
|2017–2019||Heart of Midlothian|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
After retiring as a player Levein became a manager, working at club level for Cowdenbeath, Heart of Midlothian, Leicester City, Raith Rovers and Dundee United. Levein was appointed Scotland manager in 2009, but he left this position after the team failed to win any of its first four matches in 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification. He returned to Hearts in 2014 as director of football, then served as their manager from August 2017 to October 2019.
Levein was born in Dunfermline and attended Inverkeithing High School, where he was in the football team alongside another future Scottish international footballer, Gordon Durie. He was a supporter of Raith Rovers. His early football career saw him turn out for Dalgety Bay, Leven Royals and Inverkeithing under-16s. At the age of 15, however, he gave up football for a year, only resuming when his brother, who played for junior club Lochore Welfare invited him to training there. Levein subsequently signed for Lochore and after trials with several senior clubs he finally joined Cowdenbeath in 1981. He quickly established himself in the first team and soon became a target for larger clubs.
In 1983, he moved to Heart of Midlothian for a fee of £40,000 and soon found himself a regular place in their first team. Levein won the SPFA Young Player of the Year award in 1985 and 1986, becoming the first player to retain the title. In the latter season Hearts chased a league and cup double. Two goals in the last 10 minutes of the season by Albert Kidd gave Hearts their first league defeat in 31 games, which handed the league title to Celtic. Levein missed that game through illness. He returned to the Hearts team the following week in the 1986 Scottish Cup Final, which Hearts lost 3–0 to Aberdeen.
1986 brought further woe for the young Levein when he picked up a serious knee injury in a reserve team game against Hibernian. The injury was to change his life. He had a recurrence of the injury in 1988 when he collapsed unchallenged in a game against Rangers and spent a second year out of the game.
It was not just injuries that kept Levein from playing during his time at Hearts: he was given a 12-game ban after punching, and breaking the nose of, Hearts teammate Graeme Hogg during a pre-season friendly against Raith Rovers.
Levein was forced to retire from playing in 1997, due to another serious knee injury. He made 401 appearances for Hearts.
Coaching and managerial career
After being forced into retirement as a player, Levein had coaching positions at Hearts and at Livingston. In November 1997 he was appointed as manager of Cowdenbeath and turned a struggling team into one that could challenge for promotion. Cowdenbeath were promoted in 2001, but Levein had left in December 2000 to take over as manager at Hearts.
His time in charge of Hearts was successful, where he guided them to third place in the SPL in two successive seasons and thus into European competition. He was the first manager to take Hearts into Europe in successive seasons since the 1960s.
His impressive record in Scotland caught the attention of Leicester City, who appointed Levein as manager on 29 October 2004. However, after a poor start to the 2005–06 season, which left the club third from bottom in the Championship relegation zone, he was sacked as manager on 25 January 2006.
Levein was appointed as manager of his boyhood heroes, Scottish Second Division club Raith Rovers, on 5 September 2006, on a non-contract basis. However, after Dundee United parted company with Craig Brewster, Levein left his non-contract role at Raith Rovers to take up the job at Tannadice.
He was unveiled to the press on 30 October 2006. Levein guided United to four successive home victories, earning him 'Manager of the Month' for November 2006, later repeating the award in March 2007 and again in October 2007. On 21 January 2008 he was appointed Director of Football at the club, giving him a seat on the Board of Directors in addition to his existing managerial responsibilities. In August 2008, he was fined £5000 by the SFA for accusing a referee (Mike McCurry) of bias after a game against Rangers.
During his tenure, United regularly finished in the top half of the Scottish Premier League. The club reached the 2008 Scottish League Cup Final, which United led twice before losing to Rangers on a penalty shootout. Levein signed a new contract with United in December 2008, but he left the job in December 2009 to become Scotland national football team manager. United went on to win the 2009–10 Scottish Cup under his successor Peter Houston, who had been Levein's assistant. Levein overhauled the club's youth system, which subsequently brought through players such as Ryan Gauld and John Souttar.
On 23 December 2009, Levein left Dundee United to become the new Scotland manager. He agreed to a 5 1⁄2-year deal. Scotland won 1–0 in his first match in charge, a friendly against the Czech Republic, with the goal coming from Celtic captain Scott Brown. However, his second game in charge would not be as successful, with Scotland going down 3–0 to Sweden on 12 August 2010. This was also followed by a disappointing 0–0 draw with Lithuania and an unconvincing 2–1 victory over Liechtenstein in the first two Euro 2012 qualifying matches.
Levein dropped in-form striker Kenny Miller and played an ultra-defensive 4–6–0 against Czech Republic in their third game. The match ended in a 1–0 defeat, with Levein attracting criticism for his negative tactics. Levein later said that he had adopted the formation after seeing Russian club Rubin Kazan achieve a good result against FC Barcelona with that approach. He also conceded that he perhaps should not have done this without knowing the players well, early in his tenure as manager.
In the following game, against World and European champions Spain, Levein adopted a more conventional 4–5–1 formation with Miller in attack. Scotland lost 2–3 despite coming back from 0–2 down to draw level at 2–2. Scotland then beat Faroe Islands 3–0 in a friendly where Levein gave seven debuts due to 9 withdrawals from the initial squad. Scotland won the first two matches of the 2011 Nations Cup with ease, beating Northern Ireland 3–0 and Wales 3–1. The Scots lost 1–0 to the Republic of Ireland in their third game, meaning that the Republic won the tournament.
In order to reach the UEFA Euro 2012 qualifying play-offs, Scotland realistically needed to beat the Czech Republic in their next qualifier. The match ended in a 2–2 draw, after two late controversial penalty kick decisions by Dutch referee Kevin Blom both went against Scotland. 1–0 wins in the next two qualifiers against Lithuania and Liechtenstein kept their chances mathematically alive, but a 3–1 defeat by Spain coupled with the Czech Republic winning in Lithuania eliminated Scotland.
For the 2014 FIFA World Cup, Scotland were drawn into UEFA qualifying Group A with Belgium, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia and Wales. Preparations started with a 1–1 draw in Slovenia, but the team suffered a 5–1 defeat by the United States in May. Scotland bounced back with a 3–1 friendly win against Australia in August. Levein attracted criticism for selecting Ian Black for that match, despite him playing in the fourth-tier Scottish Third Division. Levein had previously said that it would be "very difficult" for any player to go from playing in the Third Division to an international match, and had left out Lee Wallace for that reason. Black received a mixed reception when he appeared as a late substitute, with some sections of the crowd booing him.
Levein stated his belief that Scotland were capable of winning all of their qualifying games, but the first two matches ended in home draws against Serbia and Macedonia. Levein was again criticised for adopting negative tactics. Levein then recalled Steven Fletcher and Kris Commons, but Scotland fell to two away defeats against Wales and Belgium, which left the Scots bottom of Group A with only 2 points from 4 games. He was relieved of his duties on 5 November 2012, following talks with the Scottish Football Association.
Return to Hearts
Levein returned to Hearts in May 2014, as he was appointed director of football by new owner Ann Budge. In that role, Levein oversaw the appointments of Robbie Neilson and Ian Cathro as head coach of Hearts. Four weeks after Cathro was sacked in August 2017, Levein was appointed first team manager. He signed a three-year contract as manager, while also continuing as director of football.
|Club performance||League||Cup||League Cup||Continental||Total|
|Scotland||League||Scottish Cup||League Cup||Europe||Total|
|1981/82||Cowdenbeath||Scottish Second Division||60||0||N/A||N/A||—||60||0|
|Heart of Midlothian||Scottish Premier Division||19||0||2||0||0||0||—||21||0|
|Scotland national team|
- As of match played 30 October 2019 (competitive club matches only and all international matches):
- The Tartan Special Scottish Football League Review 1995/96. PPL Sport & Leisure. 1995. p. 16. ISBN 9-780861-089659.
- "No Headline Present". Herald Scotland.
- "Raith appoint Levein as manager". 5 September 2006 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
- "I'll make Rovers a better club ..." www.fifetoday.co.uk.
- The Rampant Ballboy Interviews – Craig Levein, article from When the Sun Shines fanzine, reproduced by blue-brazil.co.uk. Retrieved on 1 November 2006
- Currie, David (3 May 2016). "Albert Kidd: Dundee sub who broke Hearts to become a Celtic hero". BBC Sport. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
Former Hearts midfielder Kenny Black explains: A virus swept through the team that week, four or five us were affected, including me, Craig Levein and Brian Whittaker. "On the day, Brian was deemed fit enough to start but we knew he wouldn't last the whole game. I was only fit enough for the bench and would have to come on at half-time. Craig wasn't even fit enough to make the squad. He was a big, big miss.
- "Leicester appoint Levein as boss". BBC Sport. 29 October 2004.
- "Levein and Leicester part company". BBC Sport. 25 January 2006.
- "Raith appoint Levein as manager". BBC Sport. 5 September 2006.
- "Dundee Utd unveil Levein as boss". BBC Sport. 30 October 2006.
- "Levein fined for referee outburst". BBC Sport. 5 August 2008. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
- "Levein signs on with title dream". BBC Sport. 2 December 2008. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
- "Levein plans a youth revolution". BBC Sport.
- "Dundee United youth rise more than luck says Stephen Thompson". The Courier. Dundee. 9 November 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
- "SFA agree Levein deal". The Press Association. 23 December 2009. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
- Lamont, Alasdair (5 November 2012). "Craig Levein pays price with Scotland for failure to win". BBC Sport. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
- "Sweden 3–0 Scotland". ESPN Soccernet. 12 August 2010. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
- "Scotland: Craig Levein ready to return to management". BBC Sport. 23 January 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
- Pattullo, Alan (9 October 2010). "Craig Levein defends his formation as Czechs beat striker-less Scotland". The Scotsman. Johnston Press. Retrieved 9 October 2011.
- Lindsay, Clive (3 September 2011). "Scotland 2–2 Czech Republic". BBC Sport. Retrieved 9 October 2011.
- "USA cruise to comfortable win over Scotland in Jacksonville". BBC Sport. 27 May 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
- Murray, Ewan (14 August 2012). "Scotland manager Craig Levein defends call-up of Ian Black". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
- "Ian Black: John Rankin backs controversial Scotland call-up". BBC Sport. 18 August 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
- McLauchlin, Brian (12 May 2014). "Craig Levein lands Hearts role as boss Gary Locke exits". BBC Sport. Retrieved 12 May 2014.
- "Craig Levein: Hearts director of football returns to dugout as manager". BBC Sport. 28 August 2017. Retrieved 28 August 2017.
- Anderson, Barry (28 August 2017). "Craig Levein appointed new head coach of Hearts". Edinburgh Evening News. Retrieved 28 August 2017.
- "Hearts: Craig Levein 'missed being out there' as he agrees three-year deal". BBC Sport. 29 August 2017. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
- "Craig Levein: Hearts sack manager & director of football". BBC Sport. 31 October 2019. Retrieved 31 October 2019.
- "Levein, Craig". National Football Teams. Benjamin Strack-Zimmerman. Retrieved 11 November 2011.
- McLauchlin, Brian (20 September 2018). "Craig Levein: Hearts' 'hunger' mirrors 1986 title-challenging team I played in". BBC Sport. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
- "Levein named manager of the month". BBC Sport. 2 December 2006. Retrieved 28 September 2018.