Courbevoie

Courbevoie (French pronunciation: [kuʁ.bə.vwa]) is a commune located 8.2 km (5.1 mi) from the center of Paris, France. The centre of Courbevoie is situated 2 kilometres from the outer limits of central Paris. It is one of the most densely populated municipalities in Europe, and ranks as the third-best place to live in the Île-de-France region, after the neighbouring communes of Levallois-Perret and Neuilly-sur-Seine.[2]

Courbevoie

Coat of arms
Paris and inner ring départements
Location of Courbevoie
Courbevoie
Paris and inner ring départements
Courbevoie
Courbevoie (Île-de-France (region))
Coordinates: 48°53′52″N 2°15′11″E
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentHauts-de-Seine
ArrondissementNanterre
CantonCourbevoie-1 and 2
IntercommunalityGrand Paris
Government
  Mayor (20142020) Jacques Kossowski
Area
1
4.17 km2 (1.61 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
82,351
  Density20,000/km2 (51,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
92026 /92400
Elevation25–56 m (82–184 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

La Défense, Paris's business district hosting the tallest buildings in the metropolitan area, spreads over the southern part of Courbevoie (as well as parts of Puteaux and Nanterre).

Name

The name Courbevoie comes from Latin Curva Via and means "curved highway", allegedly in reference to a Roman road from Paris to Normandy which made a sharp turn to climb the hill over which Courbevoie was built.

Administration

Courbevoie is divided into two cantons: Canton of Courbevoie-1 and Canton of Courbevoie-2.

History

A wooden bridge was built crossing the Seine at Courbevoie by order of King Henry IV when in 1606 his royal coach fell into the river while being transported by ferry. Rebuilt in stone during the eighteenth century, this was replaced by a metal bridge in 1946.

The Convent of the Penitents founded in 1658 by Jean-Baptiste Forne was located in Courbevoie until the Revolution of 1789. Also located in the town was the barracks of the Swiss Guard of the monarchy.

Transport

Courbevoie is served by two stations on the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare suburban rail line: Courbevoie and Bécon-les-Bruyères. Courbevoie is also served by Esplanade de La Défense station on Paris Métro Line 1, in the business district of La Défense.

There are also a large number of city buses that come through the bustling La Défense station.

When it comes to air transportation, Courbevoie can be served by Paris's Charles de Gaulle Airport as well as Paris-Orly to the south and Beauvais Airport to the north.

Education

Courbevoie has multiple preschools and elementary schools. Junior high schools include:[3]

  • Collège Alfred de Vigny
  • Collège Georges Pompidou
  • Collège Georges Seurat
  • Collège Les Bruyères
  • Collège Les Renardières
  • Collège Sainte Geneviève

Senior high schools include:

Notable people

International relations

Courbevoie is twinned with:

Mayors of Courbevoie

  • Antoine Le Frique (1800–1818)
  • Joseph Derbanne (October, 1818 – February, 1826)
  • Nicolas Rousselot (February 1826 – April 1830)
  • Jean-Baptiste Chevalier (April 1830 – August 1830)
  • Constant Grebaut (August 1830 – September 1840)
  • Désiré Maurenq (September 1840 – 1845)
  • Constant Grebaut (1845 – 26 August 1865)
  • Charles Blondel (26 August 1865 – 7 February 1872)
  • Jean-François Durenne (7 February 1872 – November 1873)
  • Jean-Baptiste Weiss (November 1873 – 20 February 1874)
  • Auguste Colas (20 February 1874 – 12 February 1878)
  • Frédéric Bourgin (12 February 1878 – October 1878)
  • Auguste Bailly (October 1878 – 19 May 1888)
  • Antoine Rolland (19 May 1888 – 15 May 1892)
  • Jules Lefevre (15 May 1892 – 27 January 1894)
  • François le Chippey (27 January 1894 – May 1896)
  • Léon Boursier (May 1896 – May 1908)
  • Charles Mering (May 1908 – December 1919)
  • Augustin Loiseau (December 1919 – October 1920)
  • Joseph Victor (October 1920 – May 1925)
  • Pierre Fouquart (May 1925 – September 1927)
  • André Grisoni (September 1927 – July 1944)
  • Gabriel Roche (September 1944 – 26 October 1947)
  • Marius Guerre (26 October 1947 – 20 December 1954)
  • Gabriel Roche (26 January 1955 – 15 March 1959)
  • Charles Deprez (26 March 1959 – 18 June 1995)
  • Jacques Kossowski (since 25 June 1995)

Demographics

Immigration

Place of birth of residents of Courbevoie in 1999
Born in Metropolitan FranceBorn outside Metropolitan France
80.0%20.0%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1EU-15 immigrants2Non-EU-15 immigrants
1.1%3.8%3.4%11.7%
1This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
2An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Economy

Total S.A. has its head office in the Tour Total in La Défense and in Courbevoie.[8] Areva has its head office in the Tour Areva in Courbevoie.[9] Saint-Gobain also has its head office in Courbevoie.[10]

The headquarters of INPI, the French government office for patents, copyrights, and trademarks, is in Courbevoie.[11]

See also

References

  1. "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. "L'Encyclopédie des Villes de France." Le Journal du Net, INSEE, Seloger.com, Habitants.fr. Retrieved on December 21, 2010.
  3. "Annuaire des établissements / équipements ." Ville de Courbevoie. Retrieved on February 25, 2017.
  4. "Accueil." Lycée Paul Lapie de Courbevoie. Retrieved on June 21, 2015.
  5. "Accueil." Lycée Paul Painlevé Courbevoie. Retrieved on June 21, 2015.
  6. "Accueil Archived 2015-06-21 at the Wayback Machine." Collège Les renardières et Lycée Lucie Aubrac. Retrieved on June 21, 2015.
  7. "Accueil." Groupe scolaire Montalembert. Retrieved on June 21, 2015.
  8. "Total: Main indicators." Reuters. Thursday October 15, 2009. Retrieved on October 19, 2009.
  9. "Legal Notice." Areva. Retrieved on 21 June 2010.
  10. "Legal notice." Saint-Gobain. Retrieved on 7 July 2010.
  11. Contact us, at INPI official web site
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