County of Veldenz

The County of Veldenz was a principality in the contemporary Land Rhineland-Palatinate. The county was located partially between Kaiserslautern, Sponheim and Zweibrücken, partially on the Mosel in the Archbishopric of Trier. A municipality of the same name, Veldenz, and a castle, Schloss Veldenz, are located in the district of Bernkastel-Wittlich.

County of Veldenz

Grafschaft Veldenz
1112–1801
Coat of arms of the Counts of Veldenz
Veldenz c.1400
StatusState of the Holy Roman Empire
CapitalVeldenz
Common languagesMoselle Franconian
GovernmentCounty
Historical eraMiddle Ages
 Established
1112
 Counts of Veldenz-Geroldseck
1277
1444
1500
 Counts of Palatinate-Veldenz
1543
 Annexed by the
    First French Empire
1801
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Rhenish Franconia
Kingdom of Bavaria
Kingdom of Prussia

History

The Counts of Veldenz separated from the Wildgraves of Kyrburg and Schmidburg family in 1112. The direct male line of the first comital house ceased in 1260 with the death of Gerlach V of Veldenz and his daughter Agnes of Veldenz inherited the county in 1260. Her husband Heinrich of Geroldseck became the founder of the second line of Counts of Veldenz or the House of Veldenz-Geroldseck (Hohengeroldseck).

In 1444 the county came under the rule of Count palatine Stefan of Pfalz-Simmern-Zweibrücken by his marriage to Anna of Veldenz, the only heiress of Count Frederick III of Veldenz.

In 1543, by the Marburg treaty, it was agreed that the uncle of Duke Wolfgang of Zweibrücken, Ruprecht, should receive the county of Veldenz. Ruprecht died in 1544 but his son Hans Georg married Anna Maria of Sweden, a daughter of Gustav I of Sweden in 1563. This was the joining of the House of Wittelsbach with the Swedish Vasa royal family which was strengthened by a further marriage when Johann Casimir of Pfalz-Zweibrücken married Catharina of Sweden, a sister of Gustavus Adolphus in the 17th century. Wolfgang had in 1553 with the Heidelberg Succession agreement regulated the mutual inheritance of all Wittelsbach lines reaching from Veldenz-Palatinate to the county Lützelstein in Alsace. The grandson of Georg Hans, Leopold Ludwig von Lützelstein, died in 1694 without legitimate offspring and the county-Palatinate of Veldenz reverted to the Zweibrücken line.

In 1801 it was incorporated into the Saardepartement of the First French Empire. The Congress of Vienna, 1815, gave the smaller part of the county lying on the Mosel to Prussia and the remainder to Bavaria.

Counts of Veldenz

First Veldenz Line

  • Emicho, Count of Kyrburg and Schmidburg (1086–1113)
  • Gerlach I, Count of Veldenz (1112–1146)
  • Gerlach II, Count of Veldenz (1146–1186)
  • Gerlach III, Count of Veldenz (1186–1214)
  • Gerlach IV, Count of Veldenz (1214–1254)
  • Gerlach V, Count of Veldenz (1254–1260)
  • Agnes, Countess of Veldenz (1260–1277)

Veldenz-Geroldseck Line

  • Henry, Count of Geroldseck (1277–1298) ∞ Agnes of Veldenz (1258–?)
  • Walter, Count of Veldenz (1298–1327)
  • George I, Count of Veldenz (1327–1347)
  • Henry II, Count of Veldenz (1347–1378)
  • Frederick II, Count of Veldenz (1378–1396)
  • Henry III, Count of Veldenz (1378–1389)
  • Henry IV, Count of Veldenz (1389–1393)
  • Frederick III, Count of Veldenz (1393–1444)

Pfalz-Zweibrücken Line

Pfalz-Veldenz Line

Continued in the Pfalz-Zweibrücken line.

Literature

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.