County Carlow

County Carlow (Irish: Contae Cheatharlach) is a county in Ireland, part of the South-East Region and the province of Leinster.[9] It is named after the town of Carlow, which lies on the River Barrow. Carlow County Council is the local authority. The population was 56,932 at the 2016 census.[2]

County Carlow

Contae Cheatharlach

Coat of arms
The Dolmen County
Dáil ÉireannCarlow–Kilkenny
EU ParliamentSouth
Established1210 (as the Palatinate of Carlow)[1]
County townCarlow
  TypeCounty Council
  Total897 km2 (346 sq mi)
Area rank31st
Highest elevation794 m (2,605 ft)
  Density63/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC±0 (WET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+1 (IST)
Eircode routing keys
R21, R93 (primarily)
Telephone area codes059 (primarily)
Vehicle index
mark code

Geography and political subdivisions

Carlow, or "Ceatharlach" originally part of the Norman Palantine-county of Leinster, became a separate county probably around 1306.[10] At that time it was larger than today, extending to and including the coastal area around Arklow, though control of this area became disputed with the Irish chieftains of the area. These areas were given over to County Wicklow in 1606-07.


There are seven historic baronies in the county: Carlow, Forth, Idrone East, Idrone West, Rathvilly, St Mullin's Lower and St Mullin's Upper.

Towns and villages

Local government and politics

Local government in County Carlow is governed by the Local Government Acts, the most recent of which (Local Government Reform Act 2014) established a unitary structure of local government. This single-tier structure consists of Carlow County Council. The second tier of local government consisted of town councils, until their abolition on 1 June 2014. Since then, the county council is solely responsible for local services.[11] The two town councils abolished in 2014 were Carlow and Muine Bheag. There are 18 councillors in the county council who are returned from three local electoral areas: Carlow (7), Muine Bheag (5) and Tullow (6).[12][13] As the county is part of the South-East Region, some county councillors are also representatives on the Southern Regional Assembly.

For elections to Dáil Éireann, Carlow is part of the Carlow–Kilkenny constituency which returns 5 TDs. The present form of the constituency was created for the 1948 general election.



See also


  1. Ryan, John (22 June 2019). "The history and antiquities of the county of Carlow". Dublin, R. M. Times [etc.] via Internet Archive.
  2. "Census 2016 Sapmap Area: County Carlow". Central Statistics Office (Ireland). Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  3. For 1653 and 1659 figures from Civil Survey Census of those years, Paper of Mr Hardinge to Royal Irish Academy 14 March 1865.
  4. "Server Error 404 - CSO - Central Statistics Office".
  5. Archived 7 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 2010-08-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. (eds.). Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  8. Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850". The Economic History Review. 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x.
  9. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Carlow (county)" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  10. Desmond Roche, Local Government in Ireland, Dublin, 1982
  11. "All Services". Carlow County Council. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
  12. "2009 Local elections – Carlow County Council". Retrieved 27 March 2011.
  13. Act of the Oireachtas: County of Carlow Local Electoral Areas Order 2008

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