County Carlow (Irish: Contae Cheatharlach) is a county in Ireland, part of the South-East Region and the province of Leinster. It is named after the town of Carlow, which lies on the River Barrow. Carlow County Council is the local authority. The population was 56,932 at the 2016 census.
Coat of arms
The Dolmen County
|Established||1210 (as the Palatinate of Carlow)|
|• Type||County Council|
|• Total||897 km2 (346 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||794 m (2,605 ft)|
|• Density||63/km2 (160/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC±0 (WET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (IST)|
|Eircode routing keys|
R21, R93 (primarily)
|Telephone area codes||059 (primarily)|
Geography and political subdivisions
Carlow, or "Ceatharlach" originally part of the Norman Palantine-county of Leinster, became a separate county probably around 1306. At that time it was larger than today, extending to and including the coastal area around Arklow, though control of this area became disputed with the Irish chieftains of the area. These areas were given over to County Wicklow in 1606-07.
There are seven historic baronies in the county: Carlow, Forth, Idrone East, Idrone West, Rathvilly, St Mullin's Lower and St Mullin's Upper.
Local government and politics
Local government in County Carlow is governed by the Local Government Acts, the most recent of which (Local Government Reform Act 2014) established a unitary structure of local government. This single-tier structure consists of Carlow County Council. The second tier of local government consisted of town councils, until their abolition on 1 June 2014. Since then, the county council is solely responsible for local services. The two town councils abolished in 2014 were Carlow and Muine Bheag. There are 18 councillors in the county council who are returned from three local electoral areas: Carlow (7), Muine Bheag (5) and Tullow (6). As the county is part of the South-East Region, some county councillors are also representatives on the Southern Regional Assembly.
- Pierce Butler - soldier, planter, and statesman, recognized as one of United States' Founding Fathers. He represented South Carolina in the Continental Congress and the United States Senate.
- William Dargan - engineer, often seen as the father of Irish railways
- James Fenelon - member of the Wisconsin State Assembly
- Samuel Haughton - polymath, in 1866 published a formula for calculating the drop needed to cause instantaneous death at hangings
- Richie Kavanagh - comic songwriter
- Myles Keogh - American Civil War military officer and later Captain of Company I, U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment - Fought in Indian Wars and was killed at the Battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876. He was born in Orchard, Leighlinbridge in 1840
- Richard Montfort - architect and engineer, first Chief Engineer of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad.
- David Mullins - Irish jockey, notable for riding Rule The World to win the 2016 Grand National
- Peter Murphy - radio and television broadcaster, presented RTÉ's Cross Country Quiz, was born in Carlow
- Seán O'Brien - Leinster and Ireland international rugby player.
- Frank O'Meara - Carlow-born artist known for his impressionist, plein air landscape painting
- Mary O'Toole - first woman municipal judge in the United States
- Saoirse Ronan - Oscar nominated and Golden Globe awarded actress
- Derek Ryan - Country music singer & former member of Pop band D-side
- Kathryn Thomas - RTÉ presenter
- Turtle Bunbury - Historian and author
- John Tyndall - the 19th century scientist who was the first to explain why the sky is blue
- Ryan, John (22 June 2019). "The history and antiquities of the county of Carlow". Dublin, R. M. Times [etc.] – via Internet Archive.
- "Census 2016 Sapmap Area: County Carlow". Central Statistics Office (Ireland). Retrieved 22 November 2018.
- For 1653 and 1659 figures from Civil Survey Census of those years, Paper of Mr Hardinge to Royal Irish Academy 14 March 1865.
- "Server Error 404 - CSO - Central Statistics Office". www.cso.ie.
- http://www.histpop.org Archived 7 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 2010-08-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. (eds.). Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
- Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850". The Economic History Review. 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press..
- Desmond Roche, Local Government in Ireland, Dublin, 1982
- "All Services". Carlow County Council. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
- "2009 Local elections – Carlow County Council". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
- Act of the Oireachtas: County of Carlow Local Electoral Areas Order 2008
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to County Carlow.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Carlow (county).|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for County Carlow.|