Coucoucache Indian Reserve No. 24

Coucoucache (officially designated as Coucoucache 24A) was a tiny First Nation reserve, in Cloutier Township, on the north shore of Reservoir Blanc on the Saint-Maurice River in the Mauricie region of Quebec, Canada. It belonged to the Atikamekw First Nation of Wemotaci but had no permanent population in recent decades.[3]

Native reserve
Coordinates: 47°45′08″N 73°13′50″W
Country Canada
Province Quebec
Census divisionLa Tuque
Settled1823 (trading post)
Founded1853 (reserve)
DissolvedJanuary 2, 2010
  Federal ridingSaint-Maurice—Champlain
  Prov. ridingLaviolette
  Land0.11 km2 (0.04 sq mi)
  Density0.0/km2 (0/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)

The reserve was an enclave within the City of La Tuque, approximately 48 kilometres (30 mi) north-west of La Tuque's town centre, but it was dissolved on January 2, 2010, and added to the city.[4]


In 1806, explorer Jean-Baptiste Perrault reported on "the small Kôukôukache River that flows by a rocky mountain where there are 11 portages to get to the Grand Kôukôukache." This name came from the word kôkôkachi, meaning "owl". It was also the name of the former Coucoucache Lake, where the Hudson's Bay Company had maintained a trading post, called Coocoocache, since at least 1823 (closed circa 1913). Coucoucache Lake, part of a chain of lakes on the Saint-Maurice River, may have been named after a small mountain in the shape of an owl that was situated at the eastern end of the lake. However, legend has it that a fight developed between the Atikamekw and the Iroquois at this lake, and when the Atikamekw imitated an owl's cry, they sprung on the Iroquois and massacred them.[5]

In 1851, the Government enacted the allotment of 230,000 acres (930 km2) of land as reserves for the use and benefit of the "Indian" tribes residing in Lower Canada. Two years later, these lands were distributed among the Atikamekw, Algonquins, and Abenakis by John Rolph, Commissioner of Crown Lands. On August 9, 1853, the reserves, including Coucoucache, were approved by the Governor General in Council. In 1895, the original Coucoucache Reserve was surveyed and covered 380 acres (1.54 km2).[6]

In 1932, the Rapide-Blanc Dam was constructed, leading to the formation of the Reservoir Blanc that inundated Coucoucache Lake and Reserve. The new Coucoucache Reserve on the north shore of the reservoir replaced the old one but was only 12 acres (0.05 km2) in size. For the loss of land, the Shawinigan Water & Power Company paid the Canadian government the amount of $380.[5][6]

Land history

  • 1851-08-30: Act of 1851, consisting of the setting aside of land not exceeding 93,080 hectares (230,000 acres) for the use of Indians.
  • 1853-08-09: Order in Council, distribution of land set aside by the 1851 Act on the lands of La Tuque - Approximate Area: 5,666 hectares (14,000 acres).
  • 1867-07-01: Act, 1867, jurisdiction of the Government of Canada on the Indians and lands reserved for Indians.
  • 1895-12-05: Surveying land for Coucoucache, Canton Cloutier, Part undivided - Area: 153.78 hectares (380 acres).
  • 1925-12-31: Act of 1925, reservation lands not exceeding 133,550 hectares (330,000 acres) for the benefit of Indians by the transfer of the usufruct.
  • 1931-10-27: Surveying land for new Coucoucache, Canton Cloutier, Part undivided an area of 4.85 hectares (12 acres).
  • 1932-01-16: Order in Council 93 transfer governance and administration of the Government of Quebec to Government of Canada. Township Cloutier, Part undivided. Area: 4.85 hectares (12 acres).
  • 1937-12-01: Order in Council 2984, acceptance of transfer (1932) by Government of Canada. Surrender to Government of Quebec reserve Coucoucache (1851) under the Indian Act (RSC 1927, c. 98, art. 48).

Current situation:

  • Canton Cloutier, Part undivided land acquired under the Act of 1925. Transfer governance and administration of Government of Quebec to Government of Canada by Order in Council 93 (1932-01-16). Area: 4.85 hectares (12 acres)[7]


Population trend:[8]

  • Population in 2006: 0
  • Population in 2001: 0
  • Population in 1996: 0
  • Population in 1991: 0

See also


  1. "Coucoucache". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire. Archived from the original on 2012-05-06. Retrieved 2012-10-26.
  2. Statistics Canada 2006 Census - Coucoucache community profile
  3. "Conseil des Atikamekw de Wemotaci". First Nation Profiles. Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 26 October 2012.
  4. "Annual changes to census subdivision codes, names and types, between 2006 and 2011, by province and territory, and by year". Standard Geographical Classification (SGC) 2011. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-10-26.
  5. "Coucoucache (Réserve indienne)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2010-03-15.
  6. Natural Resources Canada - Legal Surveys Division, Historical Review - Coucoucache Archived 2011-07-06 at the Wayback Machine
  7. The application of laws and regulations in French Aboriginal 1627-1760 Ratelle, Mauritius, Ministry of Energy and Resources, 1991, 48 p (... indigenous) studies.
  8. Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
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