Corn beer

Corn beer is a beer style made from corn (maize). The drink is a traditional beverage in various cuisines. Chicha, the best-known corn beer, is widespread in the Andes and local varieties of corn beer exist elsewhere.

History

Corn beer in the Andes has pre-Incan origins. There is archaeological evidence that elite women were responsible for brewing in the Wari culture (600 to 1000 AD).[1]

In 1796, John Boston created a corn beer, the first fermented alcohol beverage commercially produced in Sydney, Australia.[2]

A recipe for corn beer appears in Resources of the Southern Fields and Forests, Medical, Economical, and Agricultural (1863) by Francis Peyre Porcher.[3]

Italian beers Peroni and Nastro Azzuro are made from maize and barley malt.

Varieties

Chicha is popular in Peru and is served in Arequipa's picanterías.[4]

Tesguino is a corn beer made by the Tarahumara people of the Sierra Madre Occidental in Mexico. It is brewed for local celebrations related to Holy Week.[5] For the Tarahumara, the beer is an elixir for healing, a barter item and is considered a sacred beverage.[5]

Umqombothi is the Xhosa language word for a corn beer made in South Africa from maize (corn), maize malt, sorghum malt, yeast and water.

See also

References

  1. "The ancient empire that beer built". The Globe and Mail.
  2. Iltis, Judith, "Boston, John (?–1804)", Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, retrieved 2019-04-24
  3. "Early American Beer | Inside Adams: Science, Technology & Business". blogs.loc.gov. 29 September 2014.
  4. León, Rafo and Billy Hare. Chicha peruana: una bebida, una cultura. Universidad de San Martín de Porres, Fondo Editorial, 2008: 49-74. (retrieved through Google Books, 28 July 2015)
  5. "The Sacred Corn Beer of the Tarahumara". NPR.org.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.