Cooper Industries was an American worldwide electrical products manufacturer headquartered in Houston, Texas. Founded in 1833, the company had seven operating divisions including Bussmann electrical and electronic fuses; Crouse-Hinds and CEAG explosion-proof electrical equipment; Halo and Metalux lighting fixtures; and Kyle and McGraw-Edison power systems products.
|Traded as||NYSE: CBE|
|Industry||Electrical Products Manufacturing|
|Fate||Acquired by Eaton Corporation in 2012|
|Founded||Mount Vernon, Ohio, United States (1833)|
|Founder||Charles Cooper |
|Headquarters||Houston, Texas, United States|
|Kirk S. Hachigian, CEO & Chairman|
Number of employees
In 2011, 59% of total sales were to customers in the industrial and utility end-markets and 40% of total sales were to customers outside the United States. Cooper has manufacturing facilities in 23 countries as of 2011.
Cooper Industries was founded in 1833 by brothers Charles and Elias Cooper. The company started as a foundry located in Mt. Vernon, Ohio and was initially called the C&E Cooper Company. Cooper's initial product offerings included plows, hog troughs, kettles and stoves. By the mid-nineteenth century the company was concentrating on steam engines.
As the use of steam power declined in the late 1800s, Cooper again shifted its focus, this time to gas engine technology. By the time the 20th century arrived, Cooper Industries had become the American leader in pipeline compression engines, products that enabled the development of the growing oil and gas industry. This period was also highlighted by a merger with Bessemer Gas Engine Company, which is still referenced to this day in Cooper's stock symbol (CBE). In the 1940s, Cooper played a role in the U.S. World War II effort, supplying engine components that powered almost all of the ships in the Navy's minesweeper fleet, as well as the famous Liberty Ships, which carried 75% of the cargo used by Allied armed forces. After the war, Cooper again embarked on an effort to diversify itself in a changing world economy. As the company looked to increase its product portfolio, Cooper expanded its offering into electrical products, electrical power equipment, automotive products, tools and hardware. Cornerstone acquisitions during this period included Crouse-Hinds (1981) and McGraw-Edison (1985).
In the last decade of the 20th century, Cooper underwent a period of portfolio rationalization, reducing its exposure to more cyclical industries such as automotive and petroleum. Ultimately, Cooper emerged focused on the two business segments that remain in the portfolio today – Electrical Products Group and Energy and Safety Solutions. On May 23, 2002, Cooper Industries Inc had completed reincorporation in Bermuda from Ohio.
Cooper Industries was acquired by Eaton Corporation in 2012. The divisions are undergoing name changes as a result.
Eaton's Cooper Lighting Business
Eaton's Cooper Lighting Business manufactures lighting fixtures and related products to worldwide commercial, industrial, residential and utility markets. This includes track and recessed lighting (LED, fluorescent, H.I.D.), exit and emergency, vandal-resistant, landscape and complex environment lighting. Eaton's Cooper Lighting Business manufactures lighting fixtures under several brands, many of which were the result of acquisitions. These brands include:
Eaton's B-line Business
Eaton's B-Line Business (formerly Cooper B-Line) is a global provider of support systems and enclosure solutions for engineered facility subsystem applications in various markets: commercial, industrial, utility and OEM.
Eaton's Bussmann Business
Eaton's Bussmann Business (formerly Cooper Bussmann) manufactures and markets a wide variety of North American and European-styled fuses for the electrical, electronics and transportation industries. The company also produces industrial and mobile wireless solutions, plus inductors and transformers for power quality in electronics applications. Bussmann's main industrial manufacturing facilities are located in the United States (Black Mountain and Goldsboro NC, Chicago IL, Ellisville MO, Boca Raton FL), in Mexico (Juarez and Mexico City), in UK (Workington and Burton-on-the-Wolds), in Hungary (Győr), Xi’an (China), India (Pondicherry), Costa Rica (San Jose), Brazil (Itu).
- Electrical - Serving infrastructure, automation, renewable energy and transportation/high reliability
- Electronics - Serving renewable energy, automation and transportation/high reliability, computers, communications and consumer
- Transportation - Serving hybrid/electric vehicles, traction
- Wireless - Serving transportation, heavy duty/off-road, and industrial
- Consumer - Serving automotive aftermarket and hardware/home center
Eaton's Cooper Safety Business
Eaton's Cooper Safety Business (formerly Cooper Safety) specializes in notification, alarm and safety systems. This includes emergency lighting, fire detection and alarm systems, hazardous area communications, life safety notifications, mains lighting and security systems. Cooper notification acquired Wheelock inc. In 2006.
Eaton's Cooper Wiring Devices Business
Eaton's Cooper Wiring Devices Business (formerly Cooper Wiring Devices) works closely with Eaton's Cooper Lighting Business. The company has acquired well known brands like Eagle Electric, Arrow Hart, ArrowLink, RhinoBox, Aspire, Aspire RF, and MediaSync. The companies products include cable assemblies, data connectors for military, home and commercial, lighting switches, outlets, receptacles, subsea wiring and communications ports.
Eaton's Cooper Power Systems Business
Eaton's Cooper Power Systems Business (formerly Cooper Power Systems) a subsidiary of Cooper Industries is a global manufacturer and provider of power delivery apparatus for the utility, commercial, and industrial markets in the medium voltage and high voltage ranges.
The company provides products and services required to transform, protect, connect, and build out an electric power system backbone. Reliability and grid-point solutions include: Integrated Volt/Var Control (IVVC), feeder, and substation automation systems. Endpoint solutions include: Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) and Demand Response (DR). Additionally the company provides engineering optimization and modeling tools.
Eaton's Crouse-Hinds Business
Eaton's Crouse-Hinds Business (formerly Cooper Crouse-Hinds) specializes in explosion proof and hazardous environments
Apex Tool Group
Apex Tool Group was formed in July 2010 as a joint venture of two manufacturers, Danaher Tool Group and Cooper Hand Tools. The two businesses offer industrial, commercial, and do-it-yourself customers a selection of over 30 leading brands, including Crescent, GearWrench, Armstrong, and Weller.
Cooper Industries CEOs
- Charles Cooper 1833-1895 (chairman from 1895 incorporation to his death in 1901)
- Frank L. Fairchild 1895-1912
- Charles Gray "C.G." Cooper 1912-1919 (chairman to 1922)
- Desault B. Kirk 1919-1920
- Beatty B. Williams 1920-1940 and 1941-1943 (chairman 1940-1956)
- Charles B. Jahnke 1940-1941
- Gordon Lefebvre 1943-1955
- Lawrence F. Williams 1955-1957 (chairman 1956-1959)
- Eugene L. Miller 1957-1975 (chairman 1971-1983)
- Robert Cizik 1975-1995 (chairman 1983-1996)
- H. John Riley Jr. 1995-2005 (chairman 1996-2006)
- Kirk S. Hachigian 2005- 2012
- Cooper Industries Official website
- Cooper Industries Official website
- "Cooper Announces the Acquisition of MTL Instruments Group plc". Feb 2008. Retrieved Jul 27, 2013.
- http://www.eaton.com/Eaton/OurCompany/NewsEvents/NewsReleases/PCT_428107 Eaton News Release
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-26. Retrieved 2013-06-26.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Eaton News Events
- Eaton's Bussmann Business Official website
- Apex Tool Group Official website.
- Reuters (10 October 2012). "Deals of the day -- mergers and acquisitions". Reuters.