Convoy (1940 film)

Convoy is a 1940 British war film, produced by Ealing Studios, directed by Pen Tennyson and starring Clive Brook, John Clements and Edward Chapman.[2] Convoy was Tennyson's last film before he was killed in an aircraft crash, while serving in the Royal Navy.[3]

Convoy
Directed byPen Tennyson
Produced byMichael Balcon
Written byPatrick Kirwan
Pen Tennyson
StarringClive Brook
John Clements
Edward Chapman
Judy Campbell
Music byErnest Irving
CinematographyRoy Kellino
Günther Krampf
Edited byRay Pitt
Production
company
Distributed byABFD (UK)
RKO Pictures (US)
Release date
  • 5 July 1940 (1940-07-05) (UK[1])
  • 3 January 1941 (1941-01-03) (US)
Running time
90 minutes
78 minutes (US)
CountryUnited Kingdom
LanguageEnglish

Plot

A Royal Navy cruiser, HMS Apollo commanded by Lt. Tom Armitage (Clive Brook) returns to base to find all leave has been cancelled and they are to start out straight away for a special mission. Supplemented with a new first officer, Lieutenant Cranford (John Clements) who turns out to have caused the captain's divorce a few years earlier, they are sent to meet a convoy in the North Sea and escort it safely into British coastal waters.

One stubborn freighter captain from the Seaflower, who has a cargo hold full of refugees, mainly Jews, refuses to join the convoy and is captured by a U-boat which sets a trap for the convoy escort. One of the passengers is Lucy Armitage (Judy Campbell), the former wife of the cruiser's captain, as well as the former lover of the first officer. A reconnaissance aircraft sent from the British, finds the freighter and the German fleet, but the aircraft is shot down.

The Germans make use of this, sending urgent messages from the freighter, claiming it is sinking and naming her as one of the passengers. When the first officer takes the bait and tries to send a destroyer to the freighter's rescue, the captain locks him up, as all ships must protect the convoy. Eventually, a North Sea patrol destroyer comes to the rescue instead, sinks the U-boat and takes the freighter in tow to the convoy, where the captain and his ex-wife meet and come to an understanding.

However, the German pocket battleship Deutschland soon appears. Although his cruiser is hopelessly outgunned, the captain decides to attack in order to keep the battleship away from the convoy until British battleships arrive. During the battle, the captain and his wife's former lover reconcile before the latter dies trying to save the ship. The British battleships arrive at the last minute.

Cast

Production

Writer and director Pen Tennyson served in the Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve (TNVR) at the time of the production of Convoy. In order to gains some experience in convoy conditions, he was given an exemption in order to be assigned to HMS Valorous, then stationed on convoy duty.[4][N 1]

Soundtrack

The music in Convoy is by Ernest Irving and includes a slowed down version of "Rule, Britannia!".

Reception

Convoy premiered at the New Gallery Cinema in London on 5 July 1940, as part of a double bill with The Saint's Double Trouble.[1]

The reviewer in The Times in his review of Convoy, wrote that "this film up to a point succeeds in giving some idea of the work implied in the title. The pity is that it did not go farther, risk the charge of being labelled documentary". but concluded that the film "has some substantial merits to set against its lack of austerer virtues."[6]

After Convoy had opened at the Rialto in New York City in January 1941, Theodore Strauss. the reviewer in The New York Times wrote, "if the film fails in its frankly propagandistic mission it is because of spurious craftsmanship and because it is a little too self-consciously heroic. ... The actors, including Clive Brook and John Clements, are all so teddibly British in the face of grave danger that their calm becomes unconvincing."[7]

Convoy earned at least ₤50,000 outside England.[8]

References

Notes

  1. Following the completion of Convoy in May 1940, Tennyson took up a long-deferred commission in the Royal Navy, and at the end of June 1941, he was recruited for the Admiralty's instructional films unit. He was killed in an aircraft crash on 7 July 1941.[5]

Citations

  1. "Picture Theatres: New Gallery; Clive Brook, John Clemens in 'Convoy'." The Times, 5 July 1940, p. 6. Retrieved: 9 August 2019.
  2. Halliwell 1989, p. 220.
  3. "BFI Screenonline: Tennyson, Pen (1912-1941) Biography." screenonline.org.uk, 2019. Retrieved: 9 August 2019.
  4. Evans 2000, p. 46.
  5. Sweet 2005, pp. 176–177.
  6. "New films in London". The Times, 8 July 1940, p. 6. Retrieved: 9 August 2019.
  7. Strauss, Theodore (T.S.) "Movie Review: 'Convoy'." The New York Times, 17 January 1941.
  8. "British films." Daily Examiner (New South Wales, Australia), Volume 31, Issue 7558, 22 May 1941, p. 7, via National Library of Australia.

Bibliography

  • Evans, Alun. Brassey's Guide to War Films. Dulles, Virginia: Potomac Books, 2000. ISBN 978-1-57488-263-6.
  • Halliwell, Leslie. Leslie Halliwell's Film Guide. New York: Harper & Roe, 1989. ISBN 978-0-06016-322-8.
  • Sweet, Matthew. Shepperton Babylon: The Lost Worlds of British Cinema. London: Faber & Faber, 2005. ISBN 978-0-57121-298-9.
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