Constables and Governors of Windsor Castle

The Constable and Governor of Windsor Castle is in charge of Windsor Castle in England on behalf of the sovereign. The day-to-day operations are under the Superintendent, who is an officer of the Master of the Household's Department of the Royal Household.

The Constable receives no salary, but has a residence in the Castle. From 1833-1957, the office was mostly filled by a member of the Royal Family, but now it is held by a senior retired officer of the armed forces of the Crown. He is the representative of the Lord Chamberlain within the Castle. The Constable also has nominal charge of its garrison, including the Windsor Castle Guard of the Foot Guards of the Household Division, as well as of the Military Knights of Windsor. The posts of Constable and Governor have been joined since 1660. A special uniform is prescribed for the Constable and Governor (similar to the full dress uniform of a General officer, but with scarlet collar and cuffs on a blue tunic rather than vice-versa);[1] alternatively (and more often than not) service uniform may be worn.

There was a Deputy Constable and Lieutenant-Governor from 1833 to 1989. From 1964, he was also Governor of the Military Knights of Windsor until the office was abolished in 1989. At one time there was also a separate Constable of the Round Tower. From 1928 to 1935 this was held jointly with the post of Deputy Constable.

The following is a list, as complete as can be compiled from sources at present available, of the castellans, keepers and constables of Windsor Castle:

List of Constables and Governors of Windsor Castle

Walter FitzOther10861100
William FitzWalter de Windsor (son)1100c.1153
Richard de Luci11531179
Hugh de Puiset11901190Earl of Northumberland and Bishop of Durham
William de Longchamp1191 (seized office)1191Bishop of Ely and Chancellor of England
William d'Aubigny, 2nd Earl of Arundel11911191
William de Longchamp1191 (again seized office)1191Bishop of Ely and Chancellor of England
Hubert Walter11911193Bishop of Salisbury then Archbishop of Canterbury
Hubert de Burgh12001200
John FitzHugh12011204
Robert de Vipont12041205
John FitzHugh12051216
Engelard de Cigogné12161223
Stephen Langton12231224Archbishop of Canterbury
William de Rughedon12241224
Osbert Giffard12241224
Ralph Tirel12241225
Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent12261233
William de Millers1228
Waleran Tyes1231
Alan de Crepping1231
Stephen de Segrave1232
Henry de Passelewe1233
Engelard de Cigogné1234
Bernard of Savoy1242
Peter of Geneva1248
Maud de Lacy1249widow of Peter of Geneva
Aymon Thurumbert12571261
John de Sancta Elena12611263
Sir Giles de Argentine1263
Drew de Barentyne1264
Geoffrey de Langley1264
John FitzJohn1264
John of London1266
Ebulo de Montibus1266
Nicholas de Yattendon1269
Hugh de Dyne1269
Geoffrey de Pickford1272
John of London1298
Roger le Sauvage13051308
Robert de Haustede1308
Warin de Lisle13091319
Oliver de Bordeaux1319
Ralph de Camoys, 3rd Baron Camoys13191326
Thomas de Huntercombe13261327Also known as de Hodeng of Eton and Burnham
John de Lisle1327
Thomas Foxley13281360Also known as de Foxle; of Foxley Manor at Bray and Bramshill Castle
Richard de la Vache1360
Thomas Cheyne of Drayton Beauchamp1365
Helming Legatte1369
Sir Simon de Burley1377
Thomas Tyle1389
Sir Peter Courtenay1390
Sir Hugh Waterton1405
Sir John Stanley14081413
John Wintershull1413deputy constable
John Waterton14141417Master of the Horse
Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset14381455
Admiral William Nevill jointly with John Bourchier, 1st Baron Berners1455Neville: Baron Fauconberg and Earl of Kent
John Bourchier, 1st Baron Berners jointly with his son Sir Humphrey Bourchier14661471
John Bourchier, 1st Baron Berners14711474
Walter Hungerford, 1st Baron Hungerford14741477
Sir John Elrington14831484
Thomas Windsor of Stanwell14841485
Sir Thomas Bourchier1485
Sir Thomas Bourchier jointly with Giles Daubeney, 1st Baron Daubeney1495
Sir Thomas Bourchier jointly with Henry Bourchier, 2nd Earl of Essex1511
Henry Courtenay, 1st Marquess of Exeter15251539
Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester1559KG
Charles Howard, 2nd Baron Howard of Effingham1590later 1st Earl of Nottingham
George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham16241628
Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland16281648
Philip Herbert, 5th Earl of Pembroke and 2nd Earl of Montgomery1648
Colonel John Venn16481653
Sir Bulstrode Whitelocke16531657
Colonel Sir John Lenthall16571660
John Mordaunt, 1st Viscount Mordaunt16601668
HRH Prince Rupert of the Rhine16681682
Henry Howard, 7th Duke of Norfolk16821701
George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland17011716
Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham17161723
Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Carlisle17231730
Charles Beauclerk, 2nd Duke of St Albans17301751
George Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu17521790
James Brudenell, 5th Earl of Cardigan17911811
Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl of Harrington18121829
Henry Conyngham, 1st Marquess Conyngham18291832
Major General George FitzClarence, 1st Earl of Munster18331842
HRH Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex18421843
HRH Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha18431861The Prince Consort
Vice Admiral HSH Prince Victor of Hohenlohe-Langenburg18671891
John Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll18921914
Adolphus Cambridge, 1st Marquess of Cambridge19141927
Reginald Brett, 2nd Viscount Esher19281930
Major General Alexander Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone4 Aug 19311957Gazette Entry
vacant195718 Jun 1964Gazette Entry
Field Marshal William Slim, 1st Viscount Slim18 Jun 19641970Gazette Entry
Marshal of the Royal Air Force Charles Elworthy, Baron Elworthy197111 Aug 1978Gazette Entry
Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir John Grandy11 Aug 19789 Feb 1988Gazette EntryGazette Entry
Admiral Sir David John Hallifax9 Feb 19881992Gazette Entry
General Sir Patrick Palmer19922000
Air Chief Marshal Sir Richard Johns20002008
Surgeon Vice-Admiral Ian L. Jenkins1 Feb 200819 Feb 2009Died in post
Air Marshal Sir Ian Macfadyen10 Aug 20092014Court & Social
Admiral Sir James Perowne2014

List of Deputy Constables and Lieutenant-Governors of Windsor Castle

Please note this list is incomplete.

Major General George Scottc.1782Deputy Governor
Major-General Sir John Clayton Cowell18661894[2]
The Viscount Esher23 Jul 190119 Jan 1928[3]
Major The Lord Sysonby9 Jan 192820 October 1935[4]
Colonel The Lord Wigram20 July 19366 April 1945[5]
Brigadier General The Earl of Gowrie6 Apr 19451 Mar 1953[6]
Lieutenant General The Lord Freyberg1 Mar 19534 Jul 1963[7]
Field Marshal The Viscount Slim5 Jul 19634 Sep 1964[8]
Major General Sir Edmund Hakewill-Smith4 Sep 196431 Dec 1972[9][10]
Major General Sir Peter Bernard Gillett19781989


  1. "Army Dress Regulations part 12" (PDF). What do they know?. Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  2. "Sir John Cowell". Obituaries. The Times (34356). London. 30 August 1894. col E, p. 8.
  3. London Gazette, issue no.27336, 23 July 1901
  4. London Gazette, issue no.33346, 10 January 1928
  5. London Gazette, issue no.34306, 20 July 1936
  6. London Gazette, issue no.37019, 6 April 1945
  7. London Gazette, issue no.39731, 3 March 1953
  8. London Gazette, issue no.43098, 3 September 1963
  9. London Gazette, issue no.39791, 4 September 1964
  10. London Gazette, issue no.45868, 2 January 1973
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