Conscription in Sweden
Sweden has had mandatory military service (Swedish: värnplikt) for men since 1901 although peacetime conscription was deactivated between 2010 and 2017. When peacetime conscription was mothballed in 2010, the law on conscription was simultaneously made gender-neutral.
In 2017, the Swedish government decided to reactivate military conscription, referencing increased threats to national security. Beginning in 2018, 4000+ women and men were called up for service. The conscripts were chosen from a pool of about 13,000 young people born in 1999, and will serve for 12 months.
The Swedish Armed Forces is reportedly planning for 4,000 recruits annually in basic military training in 2018 and 2019. As the relevant age cohort is about 100,000 this means that roughly 4% will be enlisted. During the height of the Cold War, about 85% of Swedish men were enlisted.
- Persson, Alma; Sundevall, Fia (2019-03-22). "Conscripting women: gender, soldiering, and military service in Sweden 1965–2018". Women's History Review. 0: 1–18. doi:10.1080/09612025.2019.1596542. ISSN 0961-2025.
- "Sweden brings back military conscription amid Baltic tensions". BBC. 2 March 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- "Sweden re-activates conscription". Government Offices of Sweden. Government of Sweden. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- "Population statistics". Statistics Sweden.
- "Sweden reintroduces military draft, this time including women". Defense News. March 2, 2017.
- http://www.rekryteringsmyndigheten.se/plikten-idag/vapenfri/ (in Swedish)