Conquest of Ha'il

Conquest of Ha'il also referred as the Second Saudi–Rashidi War, was engaged by the Saudi forces, which received British military assistance and its ally Ikhwan tribesmen upon the Emirate of Jabal Shammar, under the last Rashidi ruler. On November 2, 1921, the last Al Rashid dynasty rulers surrendered Jebel Shammar to the Saudi forces.[1]

Conquest of Ha'il
Part of Unification of Saudi Arabia
Result Sultanate of Nejd (Saudi) victory* Surrender of the Emirate of Ha'il* Incorporation of Jabal Shammar into Saudi Sultanate
Emirate of Jabal Shammar Sultanate of Nejd
Commanders and leaders
Abdullah bin Mutʿib
Muhammad bin Talāl
Abdulaziz Ibn Saud


The Emirate of Jabal Shammar had its capital in the city of Ha'il,[2] and was also known as the "Emirate of Ha'il".[3]

See also


  1. Pfullmann, Uwe (2001). Durch Wüste und Steppe: Entdeckerlexikon arabische Halbinsel : Biographien und Berichte (in German). Trafo. p. 193. ISBN 9783896263285. Am 2. November 1921 erlosch der letzte Widerstand der Schammar-Stämme. (On November 2, 1921, the last resistance of the Shammar tribes died out.)
  2. The Statesman's Year Book: Statistical and Historical Annual of the World. John Paxton. 1917. p. xliv. ... has its capital at Hail
  3. The Geographical Journal. Royal Geographical Society. 1911. p. 269.

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