Conoclinium betonicifolium

Conoclinium betonicifolium, the betony-leaf mistflower or betonyleaf thoroughwort, is a North American species of flowering plants in the sunflower family. It is widespread across much of Mexico from Chihuahua to Quintana Roo, and has also been found in Texas and Guatemala.[2][3]

Conoclinium betonicifolium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Conoclinium
C. betonicifolium
Binomial name
Conoclinium betonicifolium
(Mill.) R.M. King & H. Rob.
  • Conoclinium betonicaefolium (Mill.) R.M. King & H. Rob
  • Caelestina hartwegii (Benth.) Walp.
  • Conoclinium betonicum DC.
  • Conoclinium integrifolium (A.Gray) Small
  • Conoclinium oligolepis Kunze
  • Eupatorium betonicaefolium Mill.
  • Eupatorium betonicifolium Mill.
  • Eupatorium betonicum Hemsley
  • Eupatorium conoclinium Mill. ex B.L.Turner
  • Eupatorium hartwegii Benth.
  • Eupatorium oligolepis (Kunze) Hemsl.

Conoclinium betonicifolium is a perennial with a stem that runs close to the ground and sometimes roots at the nodes. One plant generally produces several flower heads, each with blue or purple disc florets but no ray florets.[4]


  1. "Conoclinium betonicifolium (Mill.) R.M.King & H.Rob.". The Global Compositae Checklist (GCC) via The Plant List.
  2. Turner, B. L. 1997. The Comps of Mexico: A systematic account of the family Asteraceae, vol. 1 – Eupatorieae. Phytologia Memoirs 11: i–iv, 1–272
  3. "Conoclinium betonicifolium". County-level distribution map from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014.
  4. Patterson, Thomas F.; Nesom, Guy L. (2006). "Conoclinium betonicifolium". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.). Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). 21. New York and Oxford via, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.

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