# Computational mathematics

Computational mathematics may refer to two different aspects of the relation between computing and mathematics.

Computational applied mathematics consists roughly of using mathematics for allowing and improving computer computation in applied mathematics. Computational mathematics may also refer to the use of computers for mathematics itself. This includes the use of computers for mathematical computations (computer algebra), the study of what can (and cannot) be computerized in mathematics (effective methods), which computations may be done with present technology (complexity theory), and which proofs can be done on computers (proof assistants).

Both aspects of computational mathematics involves mathematical research in mathematics as well as in areas of science where computing plays a central and essential role—that, is almost all sciences—and emphasize algorithms, numerical methods, and symbolic computations.

## Areas of computational mathematics

Computational mathematics emerged as a distinct part of applied mathematics by the early 1950s. Currently, computational mathematics can refer to or include:

• Cucker, F. (2003). Foundations of Computational Mathematics: Special Volume. Handbook of Numerical Analysis. North-Holland Publishing. ISBN 978-0-444-51247-5.
• Harris, J. W.; Stocker, H. (1998). Handbook of Mathematics and Computational Science. Springer-Verlag. ISBN 978-0-387-94746-4.
• Hartmann, A.K. (2009). Practical Guide to Computer Simulations. World Scientific. ISBN 978-981-283-415-7. Archived from the original on February 11, 2009. Retrieved May 3, 2012.
• Nonweiler, T. R. (1986). Computational Mathematics: An Introduction to Numerical Approximation. John Wiley and Sons. ISBN 978-0-470-20260-9.
• Gentle, J. E. (2007). Foundations of Computational Science. Springer-Verlag. ISBN 978-0-387-00450-1.
• White, R. E. (2003). Computational Mathematics: Models, Methods, and Analysis with MATLAB. Chapman and Hall. ISBN 978-1584883647.
• Yang, X. S. (2008). Introduction to Computational Mathematics. World Scientific. ISBN 978-9812818171.
• Strang, G. (2007). Computational Science and Engineering. Wiley. ISBN 978-0961408817.