Comparison of the Nordic countries

This article is a comparison of the Nordic countries.

Geography

Country / dependency Total area (km²) Land (km²)[lower-alpha 1] Ice cap and
glaciers (km²)
Water (km²) Ref
Denmark[lower-alpha 2] 43,561 42,890 0 671 [1]
Finland[lower-alpha 3] 338,145 303,815 0 34,330
Iceland 103,492 89,717 11,389 2,386
Norway[lower-alpha 4] 323,771 302,630 2790 18,351
Sweden 447,435 407,161 314 39,960
Bouvet Island (NO) 49 3 46 0
Faroe Islands (DK) 1,396 1,387 0 9
Greenland (DK) 2,166,086 410,449 1,755,637 0
Jan Mayen (NO) 373 259 114 0
Peter I Island (NO) 154 8 146 0
Queen Maud Land (NO)[lower-alpha 5] 2,700,000 0 2,700,000 0
Svalbard (NO) 61,022 24,520 36,502 0
Åland Islands (FI) 1,580 1,553 0 27
  1. Excluding ice cap and glaciers
  2. Excluding Greenland and Faroe Islands
  3. Excluding Åland Islands
  4. Excluding Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Bouvet Island, Peter I Island, and Queen Maud Land
  5. Approximated areas

Demographics

Country Population Density (per km²) Immigration (%)
Denmark 5,771,672 133.9 7.90
Finland 5,622,534 16.6 5.53
Iceland 340,028 3.3 6.65
Norway 5,501,167 17.0 14.10
Sweden 10,129,869 22.5 14.98
Bouvet Island (NO) 0 0 0
Faroe Islands (DK) 50,322 35.2 NA
Greenland (DK) 56,483 0.028 NA
Jan Mayen (NO) 0 0 0
Peter I Island (NO) 0 0 0
Queen Maud Land (NO) 0 0 0
Svalbard (NO) 2,667 0.043 NA
Åland Islands (FI) 29,013 18.36 NA

Source: United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division (October 2019).

Politics

Government

Country Political systems Power source Power structure
Denmark Parliamentary system Constitutional monarchy Unitary state
Finland Constitutional republic
Iceland
Norway Constitutional monarchy
Sweden

International organisation membership

Country Council of Europe ECHR European Union NATO OECDa United Nations WTO
Denmark 5 May 1949 Yes 1973 4 April 1949 30 May 1961 24 October 1945 Yes
Finland 5 May 1989 Yes 1995 No 20 January 1969 14 December 1955 Yes
Iceland 7 March 1950 Yes No 4 April 1949 5 June 1961 19 November 1946 Yes
Norway 5 May 1949 Yes No 4 April 1949 29 May 1973 27 November 1945 Yes
Sweden 5 May 1949 Yes 1995 No 28 September 1961 19 November 1946 Yes

a Denmark, Norway and Sweden were among the founders of the predecessor of the OECD, the OEEC, in 1948

Economy

Country GDP total (PPP) GDP per capita (PPP) GDP total (nominal) GDP per capita (nominal) Gini HDI
 Denmark $325.556 billion $56,412 $362.150 billion $62,041 28.1 0.929
 Finland $252.753 billion $44,958 $282.010 billion $50,879 25.9 0.920
 Iceland $26.674 billion $78,452 $20.284 billion $79,270 24.0 0.935
 Norway $441.439 billion $80,247 $448.460 billion $82,773 22.3 0.953
 Sweden $554.659 billion $54,759 $563.240 billion $54,135 25.4 0.933

Source: (IMF) International Monetary Fund 2018

Telecommunication

Country/Territory Internet TLD ISO 3166 code Calling code
Denmark .dk DK +45
Finland .fi FI +358
Iceland .is IS +354
Norway .no NO +47
Sweden .se SE +46
Bouvet Island .bv BV
Faroe Islands .fo FO +298
Greenland .gl GL +299
Queen Maud Land and Peter I Island .aq AQ
Svalbard and Jan Mayen .sj SJ +47 79
Åland Islands .ax AX +358

See also

References

  1. "Nordic Statistical Yearbook 2014" (PDF). www.norden.org/facts. Nordic Council. Retrieved 2014-11-22.
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