A community bank is a depository institution that is typically locally owned and operated. Community banks tend to focus on the needs of the businesses and families where the bank holds branches and offices. Lending decisions are made by people who understand the local needs of families, businesses and farmers. Employees often reside within the communities they serve.
In the United States, community banks are not clearly defined. Most agencies base this term on aggregate assets size with varying definitions such as less than $1 billion (Office of the Comptroller of the Currency) up to less than $10 billion (Federal Reserve Board and Government Accountability Office). From 1985 to 2004 they comprised roughly 94% of all banks in the United States, but the proportion of expanding total national deposits that the Community Banks held declined from about 25.89% of all U.S. deposits in 1985 to 13.55% of the U.S. deposits in 2003.
- "Trends in Community Banking". FYI: An Update on Emerging Issues in Banking. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). 18 May 2004. Retrieved 3 November 2011.
- Tim Critchfield; Tyler Davis; Lee Davison; Heather Gratton; George Hanc; Katherine Samolyk. (January 2005). "The Future of Banking in America Community Banks: Their Recent Past, Current Performance, and Future Prospects" (PDF). FDIC Banking Review (Volume 16, NO. 3). Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). Retrieved April 30, 2012.
- Jones, Kenneth D.; Critchfield, Tim (January 2006). "Consolidation in the U.S. Banking Industry: Is the "Long, Strange Trip" About to End?". FDIC Banking Review (Vol. 17 No. 4). FDIC. Retrieved April 30, 2012.
- FDIC Future of Community Banking Conference (February 2012) Statistics and conference presentations.
- ICBA (Independent Community Bankers of America - ICBA)
- ICBA - Community Bank Locator
- Switch to Community - Community Banking News and Locator