Communauté métropolitaine de Québec

The Communauté métropolitaine de Québec (CMQ), or Quebec Metropolitan Community, is an administrative division of the province of Quebec, comprising the metropolitan area of Quebec City. The CMQ is one of the two metropolitan communities of Quebec.

Communauté métropolitaine de Québec

Québec Metropolitan Community
Satellite image of the Communauté métropolitaine de Québec

Communauté métropolitaine de Québec
Location in central Quebec
Coordinates: 46°49′N 71°13′W
Country Canada
Province Quebec
Area
  Total3,349.12 km2 (1,293.10 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
  Total765,706
  Density228.6/km2 (592/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal code prefixes
G
Area code(s)418, 581

Predecessor

Effective January 1, 1970, the Québec Urban Community (French: Communauté urbaine de Québec) ("CUQ") was established,[2] which governed the area surrounding Quebec City on the north shore of the St. Lawrence River. Together with the CUQ, the Québec Urban Community Transit Commission (French: Commission de transport de la Communauté urbaine de Québec) ("CTCUQ") and the Greater Québec Water Purification Board (French: Bureau d'assainissement des eaux du Québec Métropolitain) ("BAEQM") were also established. Each of the three covered different groups of municipalities:

Québec area municipalities served by new agencies (1970)
Historical countyMunicipalityCUQ[3]CTCUQ[4]BAEQM[5]
Quebec CountyTown of L'Ancienne-LoretteYYY
BeauportYYY
BélairYY
CharlesbourgYYY
Charlesbourg-EstYYY
Charlesbourg-OuestYYY
CourvilleYYY
DubergerYYY
GiffardYYY
Lac-Saint-CharlesYYY
Parish of L'Ancienne-LoretteYYY
LorettevilleYYY
MontmorencyYYY
NeufchâtelYYY
Notre-Dame-des-LaurentidesYYY
OrsainvilleYYY
QuebecYYY
Saint-Dunstan-du-Lac-BeauportY
Sainte-FoyYYY
Saint-ÉmileYYY
Sainte-Thérèse-de-LisieuxYYY
Saint-Félix-du-Cap-RougeYY
SilleryYY
Val-St-MichelYY
VanierYYY
VilleneuveYYY
Portneuf CountySaint-Augustin-de-DesmauresY
Montmorency No 1 CountySaint-Jean-de-BoischatelY

Formation

The CUQ was replaced by the CMQ on January 1, 2002.[6] The CMQ exercised jurisdiction over a wider geographical area.

Quebec was amalgamated with the cities of Beauport, Cap-Rouge, Charlesbourg, L'Ancienne-Lorette, Lac-Saint-Charles, Loretteville, Saint-Émile, Sainte-Foy, Sillery, Val-Bélair, Vanier and Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures. In the 2006 demerger, L'Ancienne-Lorette and Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures regained separate status.

Lévis was amalgamated with Charny, Saint-Jean-Chrysostome, Saint-Nicolas, Saint-Rédempteur, Saint-Romuald, Pintendre, Saint-Étienne-de-Lauzon, Sainte-Hélène-de-Breakeyville and Saint-Joseph-de-la-Pointe-de-Lévy.

Municipalities in the Quebec Metropolitan Community and Quebec Census Metropolitan Area (CMA)[7][8]
Regional county municipality or urban agglomeration(where applicable)In Metropolitan CommunityIn CMA only
Urban agglomeration of Quebec City
Lévis (Equivalent territory)[a 4]
Bellechasse Regional County Municipality
La Côte-de-Beaupré Regional County Municipality
L'Île-d'Orléans Regional County Municipality
La Jacques-Cartier Regional County Municipality
La Nouvelle-Beauce Regional County Municipality
Portneuf Regional County Municipality
  1. subdivided into the boroughs of Beauport, Charlesbourg, La Cité-Limoilou, La Haute-Saint-Charles, Les Rivières and Sainte-Foy–Sillery–Cap-Rouge
  2. enclave within the borough of La Cité-Limoilou, not part of the urban agglomeration
  3. Huron-Wendat reserve, an enclave within the borough of La Haute-Saint-Charles, not part of the urban agglomeration
  4. subdivided into the boroughs of Desjardins, Les Chutes-de-la-Chaudière-Ouest and Les Chutes-de-la-Chaudière-Est
  5. not part of the CMA
Canada Census Mother Tongue – Quebec city, Quebec[9]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2016
800,296
741,010 3.24%% 92.62% 10,965 1.06% 1.41% 3,775 14.56% 0.49% 29,900 35.41% 5.04%
2011
765,706
717,770 6.94%% 93,74% 10,850 5.85% 1.42% 3,295 55.06% 0.43% 22,080 6.87% 2.88%
2006
704,185
671,145 3.59% 95.31% 10,250 5.13% 1.46% 2,125 21.73% 0.3% 20,660 77.18% 2.93%
2001
673,100
647,920 1.7% 96,14% 9,750 18.31% 1,44% 2,715 6.6% 0.40% 11,665 5.19% 1.73%
1996
671,889
637,150 n/a 94,83% 11,935 n/a 1.77% 2,545 n/a 0.37% 11,080 n/a 1.64%


References

  1. "Census Profile - Quebec Census Metropolitan Area". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  2. Québec Urban Community Act, S.Q. 1969, c. 83
  3. S.Q. 1969, c. 83, Sch. A
  4. S.Q. 1969, c. 83, Sch. B
  5. S.Q. 1969, c. 83, Sch. D
  6. An Act to reform the municipal territorial organization of the metropolitan regions of Montréal, Québec and the Outaouais, L.Q. 2000, c. 56, Sch. VI
  7. "Territoire de la CMQ et de la RMR de Québec" (in French). Communauté métropolitaine de Québec. Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
  8. "Geographic hierarchy: Québec (Census metropolitan area)". Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
  9. Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016 census.
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