Commissioners of the Committee of Public Safety

The Commissioners of the Committee of Public Safety were appointed by the French Committee of Public Safety to oversee the various administrative departments between 1 April 1794 and 1 November 1795.

Commissioners of the Committee of Public Safety
 France
cabinet of France
Date formed1 April 1794
Date dissolved1 November 1795
People and organisations
Head of stateCommittee of Public Safety
History
PredecessorMinisters of the French National Convention
SuccessorFrench Directory

History

On 12 Germinal year II (1 April 1794) Lazare Carnot proposed suppressing the Executive Council and the six ministers, replacing the ministers with twelve committees reporting to the Committee of Public Safety. The proposal was unanimously adopted by the National Convention.[1]

The commissioners were dismissed when a new set of ministers was named by the French Directory on 3 November 1795.[2]

Committees

Twelve committees were appointed, each composed of two members and one assistant, reporting to the Committee of Public Safety. The commissions were:[3]

  1. Civil administration, police and tribunals
  2. Public education
  3. Agriculture and the arts
  4. Commerce and supplies
  5. Public works
  6. Public assistance
  7. Transport, posts and couriers
  8. Finance
  9. Movement of land armies
  10. Navy and colonies
  11. Armaments, powder and mining
  12. Foreign affairs

Committee members

The committee members, or commissioners, were:

CommissionerCommitteeStartEnd
Jean-Pierre ChazalArmament7 February 17955 March 1795
Jacques Antoine Rabaut-PommierArmament5 May 17951 September 1795
François-Joseph GamonArmament3 June 17957 October 1795
Louis-Félix Roux de la Haute-MarneCommerce and Supplies4 April 17953 July 1795
Jean-Lambert TallienCommerce and Supplies5 April 17952 August 1795
Théodore VernierCommerce and Supplies5 May 17951 September 1795
Pierre MarecCommerce and Supplies3 June 17957 October 1795
Théophile BerlierCommerce and Supplies1 September 17957 October 1795
Charles GourdanCommerce and Supplies7 October 179527 October 1795
Joseph EschassériauxCommerce and Supplies7 October 179527 October 1795
Dominique Ramel de NogaretConstitution30 May 179310 July 1793
Marie-Jean Hérault de SéchellesConstitution5 June 179329 December 1793
Jean-François ReubellDiplomacy5 March 17953 July 1795
Emmanuel Joseph SieyèsDiplomacy2 August 179527 October 1795
Emmanuel Joseph SieyèsForeign Affairs5 March 17953 July 1795
Philippe-Antoine Merlin de DouaiForeign Affairs5 April 17953 June 1795
Jean-Baptiste Louvet de CouvrayForeign Affairs3 July 179527 October 1795
Jean-Antoine DebryForeign Affairs3 July 179527 October 1795
François-Antoine de Boissy d'AnglasForeign Affairs3 July 179527 October 1795
Bertrand BarèreForeign Affairs, Navy, Military affairs6 April 179331 July 1794
Bertrand BarèreForeign Affairs, Navy, Military Affairs31 July 17941 September 1794
Louis Antoine de Saint-JustGeneral correspondence, Military affairs30 May 179328 July 1794
Pierre-Joseph CambonInterior & Supplies6 April 179310 July 1793
Louis-Bernard Guyton de MorveauInterior and Supplies6 April 179310 July 1793
Jean-Jacques BréardJustice6 April 17935 June 1793
Jean Baptiste TreilhardJustice6 April 179313 June 1793
Théophile BerlierJustice5 June 179310 July 1793
Jean-Antoine DebryMember6 April 17937 April 1793
Georges DantonMember6 April 179310 July 1793
Jean-Baptiste Mathieu-MirampalMember30 May 179322 June 1793
Georges CouthonMember5 June 179328 July 1794
Jean Bon Saint-AndréMember13 June 179331 July 1794
Jacques-Alexis Thuriot de la RosièreMember10 July 179320 September 1793
Pierre-Louis Prieur (de la Marne)Member10 July 179331 July 1794
Maximilien de RobespierreMember27 July 179328 July 1794
Claude-Antoine Prieur de la Côte d'orMember14 August 179331 July 1794
Lazare CarnotMember14 August 179331 July 1794
Jean-Marie Collot d'HerboisMember6 September 179331 July 1794
Jacques Nicolas Billaud-VarenneMember6 September 179331 July 1794
Jean-Lambert TallienMember31 July 17941 September 1794
Jean-Marie Collot d'HerboisMember31 July 17941 September 1794
Claude-Antoine Prieur de la Côte d'orMember31 July 17947 October 1794
Lazare CarnotMember31 July 17947 October 1794
Jean Baptiste TreilhardMember31 July 17947 November 1794
Pierre-Antoine LaloyMember31 July 17947 November 1794
Joseph EschassériauxMember31 July 17947 November 1794
Jacques-Alexis Thuriot de la RosièreMember31 July 17947 December 1794
Jean-Jacques BréardMember31 July 17947 December 1794
Charles Cochon de LapparentMember1 September 17947 December 1794
Philippe-Antoine Merlin de DouaiMember1 September 17947 January 1795
Jean-Baptiste Mathieu-MirampalMember1 September 17947 January 1795
Antoine François, comte de FourcroyMember1 September 17947 January 1795
Jean-François-Bertrand DelmasMember1 September 17947 January 1795
Joseph RichardMember7 October 17947 February 1795
Pierre-Louis Prieur (de la Marne)Member7 October 17947 February 1795
Louis-Bernard Guyton de MorveauMember7 October 17947 February 1795
Jean Pelet de la LozèreMember7 November 17945 March 1795
Lazare CarnotMember7 November 17945 March 1795
Jean-Jacques CambacérèsMember7 November 17945 March 1795
André DumontMember7 December 17945 April 1795
Jean-Jacques BréardMember7 January 17955 May 1795
Philippe-Antoine Merlin de DouaiMember7 February 17955 March 1795
Jean-Baptiste Mathieu-MirampalMember7 February 17953 June 1795
Antoine François, comte de FourcroyMember7 February 17955 June 1795
Denis Lesage d'Eure and LoirMember5 April 17955 May 1795
Jacques Antoine Creuzé-LatoucheMember5 April 17955 May 1795
Pierre Henry-LarivièreMember3 June 17957 October 1795
Denis Lesage d'Eure and LoirMember2 August 179527 October 1795
Louis-Marie de La Révellière-LépeauxMember1 September 17951 September 1795
Jean-François ReubellMilitary hospitals2 August 179527 October 1795
Pierre GilletMilitary Supplies5 April 17953 July 1795
Gustave Doulcet de PontécoulantNavy5 May 17953 July 1795
Jean-Baptiste Robert LindetNavy (adjoint)7 April 179313 June 1793
Jean Dalbarade[4]Navy and colonies1 April 17931 July 1795
Pierre MarecNavy and colonies7 January 17955 May 1795
Joseph Defermon des ChapellièresNavy and colonies5 May 17951 September 1795
Pierre-Claude DaunouNavy and colonies1 September 179527 October 1795
Marie-Joseph ChénierNavy and colonies7 October 179527 October 1795
Jacques Nicolas Billaud-VarenneOfficial correspondence31 July 17941 September 1794
Philippe-Antoine Merlin de DouaiPresident5 March 17955 April 1795
Jean-Jacques CambacérèsPresident5 April 17952 August 1795
Philippe-Antoine Merlin de DouaiPresident2 August 17951 September 1795
Jean-Jacques CambacérèsPresident1 September 179527 October 1795
François-Antoine de Boissy d'AnglasSupplies7 December 17945 April 1795
François Sébastien Christophe LaporteSupplies5 March 17955 May 1795
Jean-Baptiste Robert LindetSupplies, Finance22 June 179331 July 1794
Jean-Baptiste Robert LindetSupplies, Finance31 July 17947 October 1794
Jean-François-Bertrand DelmasWar6 April 179310 July 1793
Jean-François DelacroixWar6 April 179310 July 1793
Thomas-Augustin de GasparinWar5 June 179324 July 1793
Edmond Dubois-CrancéWar7 December 17945 April 1795
Jean-Pierre Lacombe-Saint-MichelWar7 February 17953 June 1795
François Sébastien Christophe LaporteWar5 May 17953 June 1795
Claude-Antoine BladWar3 June 17953 July 1795
Gustave Doulcet de PontécoulantWar3 July 17951 September 1795
Charles-Louis Letourneur de la MancheWar2 August 179527 October 1795
Antoine Claire ThibaudeauWar1 September 179527 October 1795
Philippe-Antoine Merlin de DouaiWar1 September 179527 October 1795
Théophile BerlierWar7 October 179527 October 1795
Jean Baptiste TreilhardWar and Foreign Affairs5 May 17952 August 1795
François AubryWar, Member5 April 17952 August 1795

References

  1. Muel 1891, p. 41-42.
  2. Muel 1891, p. 46.
  3. Muel 1891, p. 42.
  4. Zanco 2011, p. 223.

Sources

  • Muel, Léon (1891). Gouvernements, ministères et constitutions de la France depuis cent ans: Précis historique des révolutions, des crises ministérielles et gouvernementales, et des changements de constitutions de la France depuis 1789 jusqu'en 1890 ... Marchal et Billard. Retrieved 2014-04-22.
  • Zanco, Jean-Philippe (2011-11-01). Dictionnaire des ministres de la Marine (1689–1958): Kronos N° 58. SPM. ISBN 978-2-296-47238-9. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.