Colts Neck Township, New Jersey
Colts Neck Township is a township in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 10,142, reflecting a decline of 2,189 (-17.8%) from the 12,331 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 3,772 (+44.1%) from the 8,559 counted in the 1990 Census.
Colts Neck Township, New Jersey
|Township of Colts Neck|
Map of Colts Neck Township in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Colts Neck Township, New Jersey
Colts Neck Township
Location in Monmouth County
Colts Neck Township
Location in New Jersey
Colts Neck Township
Location in the United States
|Coordinates: 40.293934°N 74.168299°W|
|Incorporated||February 18, 1847 as Atlantic Township|
|Renamed||November 6, 1962 as Colts Neck Township|
|• Body||Township Committee|
|• Mayor||Thomas Orgo (Republican Party, term ends December 31, 2019)|
|• Administrator||Kathleen M. Capristo|
|• Municipal clerk||Beth Kara|
|• Total||31.792 sq mi (82.341 km2)|
|• Land||30.731 sq mi (79.593 km2)|
|• Water||1.061 sq mi (2.748 km2) 3.34%|
|Area rank||78th of 566 in state|
6th of 53 in county
|Elevation||59 ft (18 m)|
|• Rank||243rd of 566 in state|
19th of 53 in county
|• Density||330.0/sq mi (127.4/km2)|
|• Density rank||471st of 566 in state|
51st of 53 in county
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (Eastern (EDT))|
|GNIS feature ID||0882602|
What is now Colts Neck Township was established by an act of the New Jersey Legislature as Atlantic Township on February 18, 1847, from portions of Freehold Township, Middletown Township and Shrewsbury Township. The name was changed to "Colts Neck Township" as of November 6, 1962, based on the results of a referendum held that day.
The township has been ranked as one of the state's wealthiest communities. Based on data from the American Community Survey for 2013-2017, Colts Neck residents had a median household income of $167,480, ranked fifth in the state among municipalities with more than 10,000 residents, more than double the statewide median of $76,475.
Colts Neck is a community in Central New Jersey, located within the New York metropolitan area. Many people choose to move to Colts Neck due to its open space and proximity to the Jersey Shore, while still being within commuting distance of New York City and, to a lesser extent, Philadelphia. The township's strict zoning ordinances have long kept out urban development and chain stores, allowing for locally owned businesses, while still being close to malls, movie theaters, and other amenities in neighboring communities.
The township has a Farmland Preservation Committee which to date has preserved nearly 1,000 acres (400 ha) of land, providing one way in which Colts Neck has been able to prevent large-scale development. The township has strict zoning regulations, and because there is no public water or sewage service, most homes must be built on lots covering a minimum of 2, 5 and 10 acres (4.0 ha).
Originally a farming community, Colts Neck has long been known for its large number of equestrian farms. From the 1950s into the 1970s many of Colts Neck's heavily wooded areas were developed with large colonial and ranch-style houses on acre-sized lots. In the 1980s and continuing into the 2000s much of the town's farm land has been replaced with large houses, mansions and sprawling estates, although a large number of equestrian farms remain. During this time period increasing home prices in northern New Jersey and New York City resulted in large numbers of people moving to central New Jersey, causing real estate prices in Colts Neck and surrounding towns to rise considerably over the course of the two decades. Colts Neck real estate prices remain high despite the economic downturn: as of November 2012, the average listing price of a house was $1,433,112 and the number of home sales is down 41.4% from the previous year.
Many of Colts Neck's residents are professional business people who commute into New York City's financial district, as could be seen in the unusual proportion of the small community who were lost in the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks upon the World Trade Center. A memorial garden dedicated to the five members of the community who were lost was created at the municipal center by sculptor Jim Gary, a member of the community who was raised in Colts Neck. The central feature of the memorial garden is his sculpture of metal and stained glass.
In 2018, Colts Neck made national headlines when a man set his brother's mansion on fire, killing his brother, sister in law and their two children.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 31.792 square miles (82.341 km2), including 30.731 square miles (79.593 km2) of land and 1.061 square miles (2.748 km2) of water (3.34%).
Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Bucks Mill, Cooks Mills, Hominy Hill, Lippincott, Montrose, Phalanx, Scobeyville, Swimming River and Vanderburg.
Laird & Company produces Laird's Applejack at its facility in the Scobeyville section of the township. Since the end of distilling in Colts Neck in 1972, the company has had its apples picked and distilled in Virginia, and then brought north to be aged, blended and bottled at its facility in the township. The only remaining producer of Applejack in the United States, the company received the first license granted by the United States Department of the Treasury, which was granted in 1780.
Four JG's Orchards & Vineyards is a winery based in the township, named for the shared initials of the owners and their two children.
1850 1870 1880-1890
1930-1990 2000 2010
A 2007 study of New Jersey's wealthiest communities shows Colts Neck had a median household income of $166,495, up from $109,190 in 2000, and the average household income was $232,520, which ranked it 16th in the state. The per capita income for the township as of 2007 was $70,781 up from $46,795 in 2000. The average household net worth, not including equity in homes, is $1,088,351 and the average disposable income for a household is $140,507.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,142 people, 3,277 households, and 2,847.713 families residing in the township. The population density was 330.0 per square mile (127.4/km2). There were 3,735 housing units at an average density of 121.5 per square mile (46.9/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 92.17% (9,348) White, 1.67% (169) Black or African American, 0.01% (1) Native American, 4.58% (464) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.36% (37) from other races, and 1.21% (123) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.54% (359) of the population.
There were 3,277 households out of which 43.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 77.4% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.1% were non-families. 11.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.08 and the average family size was 3.33.
In the township, the population was spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 17.0% from 25 to 44, 33.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.6 years. For every 100 females there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 94.5 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $154,491 (with a margin of error of +/- $16,020) and the median family income was $166,909 (+/- $14,315). Males had a median income of $117,917 (+/- $16,897) versus $67,188 (+/- $14,434) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $65,919 (+/- $6,519). About 2.0% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.8% of those under age 18 and 2.3% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 12,331 people, 3,513 households, and 3,193 families residing in the township. The population density was 392.4 people per square mile (151.5/km²). There were 3,614 housing units at an average density of 115.0 per square mile (44.4/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 85.51% White, 7.89% African American, 0.23% Native American, 3.63% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.45% from other races, and 1.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.22% of the population.
There were 3,513 households out of which 50.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 83.1% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 9.1% were non-families. 7.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.17 and the average family size was 3.33.
In the township the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 12.1% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 113.4 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $109,190, and the median income for a family was $117,980. Males had a median income of $55,609 versus $38,457 for females. The per capita income for the township was $46,795. 2.8% of the population and 2.2% of families were living below the poverty line, including 2.2% of under eighteens and 2.8% of those over 64.
Colts Neck is governed under the township form of government. The five-member Township Committee is elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle. At an annual reorganization meeting, the township committee selects one of its members to serve as mayor and another as deputy mayor, each serving one-year terms.
As of 2019, the Colts Neck Township Committee comprises Mayor Thomas Orgo II (R, term on committee ends December 31, 2020; term as mayor ends 2019), Deputy Mayor Frank Rizzuto (R, term on committee end 2021; term as deputy mayor ends 2019), Joseph "J.P." Bartolomeo (R, 2021), Russell Macnow (R, 2019) and Michael S. Viola (R, 2020).
The Colts Neck Fire Department is split between two fire companies. Company #1, organized in 1926, is located on Route 537. Company #2, located on Conover Road, was established in 1970. In case of a hazardous materials emergency, the HazMat team from the Middletown Township Special Services unit is called.
Federal, state and county representation
Colts Neck Township is located in the 4th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 11th state legislative district. Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Colts Neck Township had been in the 12th state legislative district.
For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Fourth Congressional District is represented by Chris Smith (R, Hamilton Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).
For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 11th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Vin Gopal (D, Long Branch) and in the General Assembly by Joann Downey (D, Freehold Township) and Eric Houghtaling (D, Neptune Township).
Monmouth County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members who are elected at-large to serve three year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve as Director and another as Deputy Director. As of 2018, Monmouth County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Thomas A. Arnone (R, Neptune City, term as freeholder ends December 31, 2019; term as freeholder director ends 2018), Freeholder Deputy Director Lillian G. Burry (R, Colts Neck Township, term as freeholder ends 2020; term as deputy director ends 2018), John P. Curley (R, Middletown Township, 2018), Patrick G. Impreveduto (R, Holmdel Township, 2020) and Dr. Gerry P. Scharfenberger (R, Middletown Township, 2019; appointed to serve an unexpired term). Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County clerk Christine Giordano Hanlon (R, 2020; Ocean Township), Sheriff Shaun Golden (R, 2019; Howell Township) and Surrogate Rosemarie D. Peters (R, 2021; Middletown Township).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 7,303 registered voters in Colts Neck Township, of which 952 (13.0%) were registered as Democrats, 2,805 (38.4%) were registered as Republicans and 3,539 (48.5%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 7 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 72.6% of the vote (3,912 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 26.4% (1,420 votes), and other candidates with 1.0% (55 votes), among the 5,423 ballots cast by the township's 7,634 registered voters (36 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 71.0%. In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 67.8% of the vote (3,970 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 30.4% (1,781 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (46 votes), among the 5,856 ballots cast by the township's 7,581 registered voters, for a turnout of 77.2%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 68.8% of the vote (3,929 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 28.5% (1,629 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (37 votes), among the 5,708 ballots cast by the township's 7,200 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 79.3.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 83.5% of the vote (2,630 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 15.2% (478 votes), and other candidates with 1.3% (40 votes), among the 3,189 ballots cast by the township's 7,624 registered voters (41 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 41.8%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 76.7% of the vote (3,174 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 17.9% (741 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 4.7% (193 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (16 votes), among the 4,139 ballots cast by the township's 7,433 registered voters, yielding a 55.7% turnout.
Students in public school attend the Colts Neck School District for pre-kindergarten through eighth grade. As of the 2014-15 school year, the district and its three schools had an enrollment of 1,436 students and 116.6 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.3:1. Schools in the district (with 2014-15 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Conover Road Primary School (grades K-2, 262 students), Conover Road Elementary School (grades 3-5, 322 students) and Cedar Drive Middle School (grades 6-8, 368 students).
Students in public school for ninth through twelfth grades attend Colts Neck High School, along with students from portions of Howell Township. The Freehold Regional High School District serves students from Colts Neck Township, Englishtown, Farmingdale, Freehold Borough, Freehold Township, Howell Township, Manalapan Township and Marlboro Township. As of the 2014-15 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 1,468 students and 103.2 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 14.2:1.
Typically, about 20% of the township's K-8 population attend private schools. These include Ranney School, Rumson Country Day School and St. Leo the Great School. At the high school level about half of all students attend private schools, including Christian Brothers Academy, Lawrenceville School, Peddie School, Ranney School, Red Bank Catholic High School, Mater Dei High School and St. John Vianney High School.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010, the township had a total of 132.59 miles (213.38 km) of roadways, of which 103.86 miles (167.15 km) were maintained by the municipality, 15.52 miles (24.98 km) by Monmouth County and 13.21 miles (21.26 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
The Garden State Parkway is accessible in neighboring Holmdel Township, Middletown Township, Tinton Falls and Wall Township. Interstate 195 is also outside the township, in neighboring Wall and Howell Township.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Colts Neck Township include:
- Robert E. Brennan (born 1944), entrepreneur who built the penny stock brokerage firm, First Jersey Securities; Brennan was later convicted of fraud and was arrested at his home in Colts Neck in 2001.
- David Bryan (born 1962), of the band Bon Jovi.
- Lillian G. Burry, member of the Monmouth County Board of Chosen Freeholders who had served as mayor of Colts Neck.
- Caroline Casagrande (born 1976), Assemblywoman for the 12th District of the New Jersey General Assembly.
- Wayne Chrebet (born 1973), now-retired wide receiver who spent his career with the New York Jets.
- Steven E. Fass, President & CEO of White Mountains Insurance Group.
- Jim Gary (1939–2006), sculptor, popularly known for his large, colorful creations of dinosaurs made from discarded automobile parts.
- Al Golden (born 1969), professional and college football coach
- Charles Haight (1838–1891), United States congressman who represented New Jersey's 2nd congressional district from 1867-1871.
- Walt Hameline (born 1951), Director of Athletics and former head football coach at Wagner College.
- Pete Harnisch (born 1966), former Major League Baseball right-handed starting pitcher who played for the New York Mets.
- Ashley Higginson (born 1989), middle distance runner who has made the U.S. team for the 2013 World Championships in Athletics in the 3000 meter steeplechase.
- Samuel "Mingo Jack" Johnson (1820-1886), African-American former slave who was falsely accused of rape, brutally beaten and hung by a mob of white men in Eatontown.
- Joe Klecko (born 1953), former player of the New York Jets.
- Stephanie Klemons (born 1982), Broadway performer and choreographer, who was the associate choreographer and original dance captain of the Broadway musical Hamilton.
- Queen Latifah (born 1970), rapper and actress.
- Jacquie Lee (born 1997), singer came in second place on The Voice season 5.
- Pat Light (born 1991), pitcher for the Minnesota Twins.
- Heather Locklear (born 1961), actress.
- Eric Munoz (1947–2009), politician who served in the New Jersey General Assembly from May 2001, where he represented the 21st legislative district, until his death.
- Jim Nantz (born 1959), lead NFL and NCAA men's basketball commentator for CBS.
- Nicole Napolitano, reality TV star and former cast member on The Real Housewives of New Jersey alongside her twin sister, Teresa.
- Patti Scialfa (born 1953), singer-songwriter, musician and member of the E Street Band.
- Bruce Springsteen (born 1949), rock and roll legend, who recorded a large part of his album Nebraska in a house he rented in Colts Neck, owns the township's largest equestrian farm and built his home on the farm.
- Jon Stewart (born 1962), comedian, writer, producer, director, actor, media critic and former television host.
- Hans K. Ziegler (1911–1999), pioneer in the field of communication satellites and the use of photovoltaic solar cells as a power source for satellites.
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 63.
- 2019 Township Committee, Colts Neck Township. Accessed September 15, 2019.
- 2019 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed July 25, 2018.
- Township Administrator, Colts Neck Township. Accessed July 14, 2016.
- Clerk/Registrar, Colts Neck Township. Accessed July 14, 2016.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Colts Neck, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Colts Neck township, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 8, 2012.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts Archived 2019-06-04 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State, p. 6. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Colts Neck township Archived 2012-04-02 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 8, 2012.
- QuickFacts for Colts Neck township, Monmouth County, New Jersey; Monmouth County, New Jersey; New Jersey from Population estimates, July 1, 2018, (V2018), United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2019.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 3, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Colts Neck, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed September 15, 2011.
- Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 2, 2013.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Colts Neck, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 2, 2013.
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Geographic codes for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed September 15, 2019.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 8, 2012.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 178. Accessed July 8, 2012.
- Raychaudhuri, Disha. "The wealthiest towns in N.J., ranked", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, June 7, 2019. Accessed November 4, 2019. "The median household income in N.J. is $76,475, recent Census data shows.... A note about the data: The data comes from 2013-2017 American Community Survey conducted by U.S. Census Bureau. Smaller towns with less than 10,000 residents were excluded from the list.... 5. Colts Neck, Monmouth County Median income: $167,480"
- B19013 - Median Household Income in The Past 12 Months (in 2017 Inflation-Adjusted Dollars) Universe: Households from the 2013-2017 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 4, 2019.
- Scancarella, Doug. "If You're Thinking of Living In: Colts Neck; 60 Miles From Broadway, A Rural Feel - At a Price", The New York Times, September 17, 1995. Accessed July 8, 2012. "About half of the high school students attend Marlboro High School, one of five secondary schools in the Freehold Regional High School District. The other half of the town's high-school students attend such private schools as Christian Brothers Academy in Lincroft, Red Bank Catholic High School in Red Bank and the Roman Catholic St. John Vianney High School in Holmdel."
- Colts Neck, 07722 Real Estate Overview, Trulia. Accessed December 3, 2012.
- Via Associated Press. "Jim Gary; Created Art From Castoff Auto Parts", The Washington Post, January 19, 2006. Accessed September 15, 2011. "Mr. Gary's work also included more serious pieces, such as a bouquet of six roses he completed last year for a Jewish temple to commemorate the Holocaust, and a Sept. 11 memorial he created for the community of Colts Neck, N.J. "
- Paul, Deanna. "A N.J. family is dead, a mansion is burned — and a sibling is charged with murder". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
- Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed April 20, 2015.
- Areas touching Colts Neck Township, MapIt. Accessed July 13, 2015.
- Harrison, Karen Tina. "Jersey LightningThe Laird family of Scobeyville has been distilling applejack a long time. How long? They once gave George Washington the recipe.", New Jersey Monthly, July 13, 2009. Accessed October 16, 2013. "Robert incorporated Laird's Distillery in 1780 as the new nation's first licensed commercial distillery.... Today, Laird & Company is America's sole remaining applejack producer. Never mind that the family obtains all its apples from orchards in Virginia's Shenandoah Valley, where Laird & Company owns a distillery."
- Polanin, Nicholas. "Wines winning over the Garden State", Courier News, September 23, 2013. Accessed October 16, 2013. "Last week, New Jersey Secretary of Agriculture Douglas H. Fisher visited 4 JG's Orchards and Vineyards in Colts Neck to announce the beginning of Wine Week in New Jersey, celebrating the Garden State's grape harvest.... 4 JG's Orchards & Vineyards, www.4jgswinery.com/, is a 60-acre farm named after its four owners, John and Janet Giunco and their two children, John and Jill."
- PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2018 - 2018 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2019.
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2018, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2019.
- Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 9, 2013.
- Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 249, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed July 9, 2013. "Atlantic township contained in 1870, 1,713 inhabitants. Colt's Neck, originally called Call's Neck, from a Mr. Call, a resident there, is in this township, and is five miles from Freehold on a neck of land formed by two branches of the Swimming river."
- Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 140. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed July 9, 2013. Listed as Atlantic Township.
- Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 260. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed December 3, 2012. Listed as Atlantic Township.
- Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 99. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed December 3, 2012. Listed as Atlantic Township.
- Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 337. Accessed July 8, 2012. Listed as Atlantic Township.
- Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 717. Accessed July 8, 2012. Listed as Atlantic Township.
- New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed June 28, 2015.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Colts Neck township, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 8, 2012.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Colts Neck township, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 8, 2012.
- http://www.esri.com/news/pressroom/NJ_26_mar08.pdf, Esri, backed up by the Internet Archive as of April 19, 2009. Accessed July 8, 2012.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Colts Neck township, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 8, 2012.
- "Forms of Municipal Government in New Jersey", p. 7. Rutgers University Center for Government Studies. Accessed June 3, 2015.
- 2019 Municipal User Friendly Budget, Colts Neck Township. Accessed September 15, 2019.
- Monmouth County Directory 2018, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed September 15, 2019.
- General Election November 6, 2018 Official Results, Monmouth County, New Jersey Clerk, updated November 28, 2018. Accessed January 1, 2019.
- General Election November 7, 2017 Official Results, Monmouth County, New Jersey Clerk, updated November 17, 2017. Accessed January 1, 2018.
- General Election November 8, 2016 Official Results, Monmouth County, New Jersey Clerk, updated December 8, 2016. Accessed January 30, 2017.
- Wall, Jeanne. "Colts Neck Reorganizes with Bartolomeo as Mayor and Orgo as Deputy Mayor for 2018", TAP into Holmdel & Colts Neck, January 8, 2018. Accessed July 25, 2018. "Next, it was time for the swearing in of newly elected Committeeman Frank Rizzuto.... He noted the leadership of former Committeeman and Mayor Michael Fitzgerald, whose unexpired term he filled."
- Fire Department, Colts Neck Township. Accessed July 9, 2013.
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2017 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government Archived 2017-04-07 at the Wayback Machine, p. 56, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 30, 2017.
- Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government Archived 2013-06-04 at the Wayback Machine, p. 56, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 3, 2019.
- Biography, Congressman Chris Smith. Accessed January 3, 2019. "Elected in 1980, U.S. Rep. Chris Smith (R-Hamilton, N.J.) is currently in his 19th two-year term in the U.S. House of Representatives, and serves residents of the Fourth Congressional District of New Jersey."
- About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
- Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
- Senators of the 116th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed April 17, 2019. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
- Legislative Roster 2018-2019 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 22, 2018.
- District 11 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 22, 2018.
- Monmouth County Government, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 18, 2018.
- Freeholder Thomas A. Arnone, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 18, 2018.
- Freeholder Lillian G. Burry, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 18, 2018.
- Freeholder John P. Curley, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 18, 2018.
- Freeholder Patrick Impreveduto, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 18, 2018.
- Freeholder Gerry P. Scharfenberger, Ph.D., Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 18, 2018.
- Freeholder Gary J. Rich Sr., Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
- The Monmouth County Clerk, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 18, 2018.
- Members List: Clerks, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed February 18, 2018.
- About Sheriff Shaun Golden, Monmouth County Sheriff's Office. Accessed February 18, 2018.
- Members List: Sheriffs, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed February 18, 2018.
- Monmouth County Surrogate, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 18, 2018.
- Voter Registration Summary - Monmouth, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed December 3, 2012.
- "Presidential General Election Results - November 6, 2012 - Monmouth County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 6, 2012 - General Election Results - Monmouth County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Monmouth County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed December 3, 2012.
- 2004 Presidential Election: Monmouth County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed December 3, 2012.
- "Governor - Monmouth County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 5, 2013 - General Election Results - Monmouth County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- 2009 Governor: Monmouth County Archived 2012-10-17 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed December 3, 2012.
- District information for Colts Neck Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 7, 2016.
- School Data for the Colts Neck School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 7, 2016.
- Conover Road Primary School, Colts Neck School District. Accessed August 10, 2017.
- Conover Road Elementary School, Colts Neck School District. Accessed August 10, 2017.
- Cedar Drive Middle School, Colts Neck School District. Accessed August 10, 2017.
- New Jersey School Directory for the Colts Neck School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 29, 2016.
- FRHSD Attendance Boundaries; Which High School Will My Child Attend?, Freehold Regional High School District. Accessed August 10, 2017.
- Freehold Regional High School District 2016 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 9, 2017. "The Freehold Regional High School District, the largest regional high school District in New Jersey, has six high schools with over 11,000 students and over 1,500 employees and spans 200 square miles. District members include the townships of Colts Neck, Freehold, Howell, Manalapan, and Marlboro, and the boroughs of Englishtown, Farmingdale, and Freehold."
- School data for Colts Neck High School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 12, 2016.
- Monmouth County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 24, 2014.
- Route 838 Bus Schedule, NJ Transit, issued April 8, 2017. Accessed December 26, 2017.
- "Metro Business Briefing; Ex-Financier Indicted Again", The New York Times, November 2, 2000. Accessed July 8, 2012. "Mr. Brennan, 56, of Colts Neck, N.J., was left bankrupt by millions of dollars in judgments resulting from a 1994 suit that claimed he had cheated investors and enriched himself by manipulating stock prices."
- Staff. "People: Nusres from Nebraska Booted From Survivor", The Press of Atlantic City, April 20, 2002. Accessed April 17, 2011. "Bryan lives in Colts Neck Township with his wife and their three young children."
- Freeholder Lillian G. Burry, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed September 24, 2015. "Mayor, Deputy Mayor, and Committeewoman of Colts Neck Township, 1997-2006"
- District 12 Profile, Eagleton Institute of Politics. Accessed November 11, 2007. "His GOP running mate is Caroline Casagrande of Colts Neck, an attorney in the Matawan firm of Cleary, Alfieri, Jones & Hoyle who currently serves as the Township Attorney for Manalapan."
- New York wide receiver Wayne Chrebet has found a new sport to love, Hoof Beats, accessed January 11, 2007. "Four years ago, he [Chrebet] moved into the horse country of Colts Neck, N.J., and couldn't help but admire the equine specimens with whom he shared his neighborhood."
- Staff. "Who's What Where", The Boston Globe, March 12, 2000. Accessed April 17, 2011. "White Mountains Insurance Group Ltd., headquartered in Hanover, has added Raymond Barrette of Hanover and Steven E. Fass of Colts Neck, N.J., to its board of directors."
- Fox, Margalit. "Jim Gary, Sculptor Inspired by Junk, Dies at 66", The New York Times, January 19, 2006. Accessed November 27, 2007. "He was 66 and lived in Farmingdale, N.J.... James Gary was born in Sebastian, Fla., on March 17, 1939, and grew up in Colts Neck."
- Weiss, Dick. "University of Miami lures Temple's Al Golden to take over as the Hurricanes' new football coach", New York Daily News, December 13, 2010. Accessed January 7, 2011. "Golden, who is from Colts Neck, N.J. and was the starting tight end and captain of Penn State's 1991 team, will reportedly sign a four year deal worth close to $8 million dollars."
- Charles Haight, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 15, 2007.
- 2011 Football Coaching Staff - Walt Hameline, Wagner Seahawks football. Accessed September 24, 2015. "Hameline resides in Colts Neck, NJ, with his wife, Debi, and they are the proud parents of daughters Kristen and Kelly."
- Safran, Chad. "Pete Harnisch - Bringing It Home" Archived 2015-09-25 at the Wayback Machine, Living In Colts Neck, March 4, 2009. Accessed September 24, 2015. "Pete first visited this area in 1984 and made it his permanent home in 1992 – first in Howell and then in Colts Neck."
- Ashley Higginson, United States Olympic Committee. Accessed August 9, 2016. "Birthplace: Staten Island, N.Y.; Hometown: Colts Neck, N.J.; High School: Colts Neck High School (Colts Neck, N.J.) '07"
- Howley, Dan. "Anniversary of 'Mingo Jack' lynching to be marked; Mingo Jack Remembrance Group to hold March 5 memorial gathering", Atlanticville News, March 3, 2011. Accessed December 26, 2017. "Born in Colts Neck in 1820, Johnson was abandoned by his parents and raised by a white family, the Lairds. The Lairds used Johnson as a slave, and because of his size — he was short and stocky — as a jockey."
- Holt, Shannon. "Joe Klecko - Blue Collar Player", National Football League Players Association press release dated December 22, 2004. Accessed February 17, 2008. "Klecko and his wife, Debbie, currently reside in Colts Neck, NJ, where Joe serves as a representative for various construction companies."
- Murphy, Susan, "Monmouth County Native 'Makes It' on Broadway; Named Associate Choreographer for Hamilton Among Many Other Roles", CM Community Magazine, May 2016. Accessed November 27, 2018. "Former Colts neck resident Stephanie Klemons is the Associate Choreographer and Dance captain for Broadway's smash-hit musical Hamilton, which won the Pulitzer Prize for drama on April 18, 2016."
- "A Day in the Life of Colts Neck", Asbury Park Press, October 18, 2001.
- Cheslow, Jerry. "Living In/Colts Neck, N.J.; Wide Open Spaces, and a Place to Park Your Horse", The New York Times, September 12, 2004. Accessed September 24, 2015. "The large property and home sizes have attracted many celebrities, among them Bruce Springsteen -- who owns a 378-acre horse farm -- Queen Latifah and Heather Locklear."
- Jordan, Chris; and Radel, Dan. "Jacquie Lee sparks a sensation on 'The Voice'", Asbury Park Press, December 17, 2013. Accessed December 18, 2013. "Jacquie Lee, the 16 year old singing sensation from Colts Neck and the Ranney School, is in the finals of The Voice."
- Edelson, Stephen. "Former CBA star Pat Light makes MLB debut for Red Sox", Asbury Park Press, April 27, 2016. Accessed August 21, 2016. "With the Boston Red Sox leading 11-2 in the bottom of the ninth inning Tuesday night in Atlanta, manager John Farrell summoned Colts Neck native Pat Light to the mound for his major league debut."
- Staff. "Eric Munoz, 61, N.J. assemblyman, dies", Courier-Post, April 1, 2009. Accessed September 24, 2015. "A native of Colts Neck, he graduated from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in 1974."
- Jim Nantz, CBS Sports. Accessed August 10, 2017. "He was born May 17, 1959, in Charlotte, N.C., and grew up in Colts Neck, N.J."
- Martin, Patti. "'NJ Housewives' Add Colts Neck Twins to Cast", The Two River Times, May 30, 2014. Accessed November 27, 2014. "There are countless housewives in Monmouth County, but only two Colts Neck-area sisters can call themselves The Real Housewives of New Jersey.... And much of that drama will be delivered courtesy of some familiar faces – sisters Teresa Napolitano Aprea and Nicole Napolitano Mauriello, who hail from Colts Neck."
- Staff. "Bruce Springsteen supports daughter Jessica at show jumping tournament", Hello (magazine), June 7, 2013. Accessed January 13, 2014. "Jessica, who has been riding since she was 15, inherited her passion for horses from her mother, Patti, 59, who raised her at the family's Stone Hill Farm in Colts Neck, New Jersey."
- Peele, Thomas. "Legacy of activism comes from the Boss", The Vindicator, May 17, 2005. Accessed July 8, 2012. "In January 1982, he recorded a batch of songs in his bedroom of a rented house in Colts Neck, N.J. Ten were released that October as Nebraska, a stark, brooding collection about serial killers, gamblers, thieves and growing up poor."
- "Jon Stewart buys Colts Neck farm for $4M for animal sanctuary, education center". Retrieved 15 March 2018.
- Staff. "Space Pioneer, Once Hitler's", Asbury Park Press, April 11, 1976, copy archived by United States Army Communications-Electronics Command. Accessed September 24, 2015. "Dr. Hans K. Ziegler witnessed both those scenes.... Ziegler, of Colts Neck Township, retired March 1 as director of the Electronics Technology and Devices Laboratory at the Army Electronics Command (ECOM)."
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Colts Neck Township, New Jersey.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Colts Neck.|
- Colts Neck Township website
- Colts Neck School District
- Colts Neck School District's 2015–16 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- School Data for the Colts Neck School District, National Center for Education Statistics
- Colts Neck High School
- Freehold Regional High School District
- Colts Neck Sports Foundation
- Colts Neck September 11 Memorial by sculptor Jim Gary