The Cogniard brothers were two French brothers who worked as playwrights and theatre directors, producing an incalculable number of vaudevilles, reviews, féeries and operettas. The elder of the two was Charles-Théodore or Théodore Cogniard (30 April 1806 - 13 May 1872) and the younger was Jean-Hippolyte or Hippolyte Cogniard (28 November 1807 – 6 February 1882) Both brothers were born and died in Paris.
Nicknamed "les jumeaux siamois du vaudeville" (the Siamese twins of vaudeville), they headed the théâtre de la Porte-Saint-Martin from 1840 to 1845. In 1845 Hippolyte took sole charge of the Théâtre du Vaudeville, then of the Théâtre des Variétés from 1854 to 1869, where he instituted a repertoire solely consisting of operettas. It was under Hippolyte's leadership that Jacques Offenbach created his best known works : La Belle Hélène, Barbe-Bleue, La Grande-Duchesse de Gérolstein and La Périchole. In 1869, on behalf of his son Léon, Hippolyte acquired the Cirque-Impérial and renamed it the Théâtre du Château d'Eau, after its proximity to the place du Château d'Eau (now place de la République). He then took it over after his son's premature death in March 1870. (After several failures, in 1904 that theatre became one of the most famous Parisian music halls, as the Alhambra.)
As playwrights, the Cogniard brothers produced an impressive number of plays, fééries and reviews from 1830 onwards, collaborating with Hector Crémieux, Louis-François Clairville and Paul Siraudin. These included La Cocarde tricolore, La Révolte des modistes, Les Deux Borgnes, L'Agnès de Belleville (with Paul de Kock), Bobêche et Galimafré, La Fille de l'air, Les Enfants du délire, Le Naufrage de la Méduse, Les Mille et une nuits, La Biche aux bois, La Cornemuse du diable, Le Royaume du calembourg, La Poudre de perlimpinpin, Le Monde camelotte, Les Bibelots du diable, La Grande Marée, Sans queue ni tête (with Crémieux), La Reine Crinoline ou Le royaume des femmes, Les Compagnons de la truelle (with Clairville), Les Bêtises d'hier (with Clairville and Siraudin) and their greatest success La Chatte blanche (a féerie put on in 1852).
Notes and references
- New York Times (May 27, 1872)
- Huart (1839)
- Huart, Louis, "Frères Cogniard" in Louis Huart and Charles Philipon (eds), Galerie de la presse, de la littérature et des beaux-arts, Volume 1, Bureau de la Publication, et Chez Aubert, 1839
- New York Times, "Theodore Cogniard, Dramatist" May 27, 1872
. The American Cyclopædia. 1879.