Club Universidad de Chile

Club Universidad de Chile (Spanish pronunciation: [kluβ uniβeɾsiˈðað ðe ˈtʃile]) is a professional football club based in Santiago, Chile, that plays in the Primera División.

Universidad de Chile
Full nameClub Universidad de Chile
Nickname(s)El Bulla
El Chuncho
El León
El Romántico Viajero
La U
Los Azules
Founded24 May 1900 (1900-05-24)
GroundEstadio Nacional Julio Martínez Prádanos
Capacity48,665[1]
ChairmanCarlos Heller
ManagerHernán Caputto
LeaguePrimera División
2018 Transición3rd
WebsiteClub website

The club was founded on May 24, 1900. Universidad de Chile is one of the most successful and popular football clubs in Chile, having won the league title 18 times.[2] In the last 10 years, the team has been crowned champion six times, including their undefeated run to the 2011 Copa Sudamericana title. The team has been throughout its history associated with the blue colour, also present on the logo, which was officially adopted in 1943. The club rivalries are with Colo-Colo and Universidad Católica, with whom they regularly contest the Santiago derbies known as Clásicos.

Despite not owning its stadium, the club usually plays its home games at the Estadio Nacional Julio Martínez Prádanos, in the commune of Ñuñoa in Santiago. The Estadio Nacional's modernization process, forced the team to play home games in various stadiums across Chile in 2010. Universidad de Chile made a return to the Estadio Nacional on August 2010 against Guadalajara of Mexico during the 2010 Copa Libertadores semi-finals.

Universidad de Chile was the champion of the Copa Sudamericana 2011 (the first international title of its history). In this tournament, the club had an excellent performance: wasn't defeated, won all their matches in Chile and had the top scorer of the tournament's history (Eduardo Vargas). Universidad de Chile has reached semi-finals in the Copa Libertadores four times (years 1970, 1996, 2010 and 2012).

History

The club was founded on May 24, 1927,[3] as Club Deportivo Universitario by the merger of Club Náutico and Federación Universitaria. Initially, the club was formed by students of the Universidad de Chile and was the sport brand of the university until 1980 when the university's rector and president of the club at the time (both of them appointed by the Pinochet dictatorship) decided to separate the club from the university and created the CORFUCH to manage the football team. This move was a part of the atomization of the Universidad de Chile made by the military dictatorship in order to strengthen the private universities that were founded during that time and also to reduce state power. This was seen as a major blow to the club, as it was left with nothing but a loyal fan base. From then on, the club started to decline in terms of results on the field and lack of support from various sectors of the economy when other major clubs in Chile were helped by main powers such as the government, the catholic church, and Codelco. Eventually, the team's poor performances led to a relegation to second division in 1988, and threats to dissolve the club were made by the university if the team did not manage to return to the first division within a year. In 1989, Universidad de Chile were able to earn the 2nd division's championship, thus bringing them back to the first division, where they have remained since then.

Bankruptcy and Azul Azul

In 2006, the club declared bankruptcy and received an imposed administration that was criticized by the supporters, as the new chairman immediately fired club symbols and tried to transform the club into a private company of public stocks, being opposed to the decision of the club members in a previous assembly. The team finished the year with the worst campaign in the club history and the almost-sure transformation into private company due to the ties between the appointed chairman and several businessmen.

During 2007, the imposed administration gave the club into concession to a private group (Azul Azul). In 2008, the new university's rector agreed to enter a contract with the now private club, in which he allowed the use of the university's name and symbols in exchange for a royalty and the right to appoint two out of the eleven directors of the board.

Home kit and away kit

The team's home kit from 1943 to 1958 consisted of a blue jersey, a white short and blue socks. In 1959, the home kit was changed to an all royal blue kit. In 1992 a darker tone of blue was used for the home kit and in 1996 a red stripe was added to the sleeves. The team's home kit saw its most drastic change in 2001–02 when red sleeves were included on the jersey; this kit retained the blue shorts and blue socks. In 2006, the team returned to the 1959 variation of its uniform and has not changed it since then. The current home kit features the classic red letter U on the front of the jersey.

From 1934 until 2001–02, Universidad de Chile's away kit consisted of a white jersey, shorts and socks, occasionally using blue shorts during the 1990s. In 2001–02, for the first time in the club's history a red kit was introduced; this kit consisted of a red jersey with dark blue sleeves, red shorts and red socks. In 2005, the club introduced a new all-red away kit, thereby dropping the blue sleeves in favor of red ones. The current away kit in a similar fashion to the home kit also features the red letter U on the front of the jersey.[4] Universidad de Chile wore a kit that featured the regular royal blue jersey, white shorts and royal blue socks for a game against Chivas during the 2010 Copa Libertadores. At the end of 2010 the historical all-white combination made a return as the club's alternate kit.

Shirt sponsors and manufacturers

Period Kit Manufacter Shirt Sponsor
1974-78 New Leader  
1979 Haddad
1980–85 Adidas
1986 Ñandu
1987 Umbro
1988–89 Adidas
1990 Scania
1991 Pony International Fiat
1991 Chilectra
1992–95 Avia
1996 Diadora
1997–98 Reebok
1998  
1998 AdeS
1999–00 Adidas[5]
2001–03 LG
2004–07 Cristal (Beer)
2008–10 Telmex[6]
2010–16 Claro/Tramontina[7]
2017–2018 Chevrolet/Movistar/Loto
2019 Petrobras/Movistar

The team's logo, a red and white chuncho (Austral pygmy owl), has its origins in the days of the Club Náutico Universitario which gave its emblem to the Club Universitario de Deportes (CUD), when was founded in 1927. The logo was taken from Germany by Pablo Ramírez Rodríguez, who turned into a Minister of Exchequer in 1945. The chuncho was chosen for its association with wisdom, mutual knowledge, harmony of the body and soul.[8]

The team's logo is not usually found on the team's uniform, being favored in turn by a red letter U with a white trim. The chuncho logo was absent from the team's jersey starting in 1979, but made a return during the 1996–97 season. Since 2006–07, a small chuncho logo could be found on the jersey along with the red U.[9]

Achievements

Universidad de Chile's first title was won in 1940, just 3 years after their professional debut. The team won six titles (1959, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1969) between 1959 and 1969 and the became known as the Blue Ballet in reference the beautiful style of football they played. Nine members of that squad were part of the Chilean national team that reached 3rd place in the 1962 FIFA World Cup, the best result ever achieved by Chile in a World Cup.

In 1995, Universidad de Chile won the cup once more, this time at home in front of almost 78,000 people in the Estadio Nacional. The team would then win back-to-back titles in 1999 and 2000.

More recently Universidad de Chile has won the Apertura in 2004, 2009, 2011 and 2014/2015, and Clausura in 2011 and 2016/2017. The 2011, the title was won at the hands of defending champions Universidad Católica, by a global score of 4–3, having lost the first leg of the final 2–0 and needing to win by a 3-goal margin, the team managed to win the second leg by a 4–1 score.

On the international stage Universidad de Chile have had a few of good runs in Copa Libertadores, reaching the semi-finals in 1970, 1996, 2010, and 2012.

On December 14, 2011 they defeated Liga De Quito from Ecuador 3–0 (4–0 on aggregate) to win the Copa Sudamericana, becoming the third Chilean team to win a South American tournament, behind Colo-Colo's 1991 Copa Libertadores and Universidad Catolica's 1994 Copa Interamericana. In the tournament, the club had an excellent performance (undefeated, and winning all their matches in Chile), and was nicknamed the "South America's FC Barcelona".[10]

Records

  • Record Primera División victory — 9–1 v. Magallanes (1962)
  • Record Primera División defeat — 0–6 v. Colo-Colo (1938)
  • Record Copa Chile victory — 7–1 v. Audax Italiano (1984)
  • Most goals scored in Primera División — 184 Carlos Campos (1956–69)
  • Most Primera División appearances — 386 Leonel Sánchez (1953–69)
  • Most appearances overall — 539 Luis Musrri (1988–04)
  • Record Unbeaten Matches in Primera Division (National Record) — 33 (1999)
  • Record Straight Wins in Primera Division (National Record) — 16 (1963–64)
  • Record Best Start in Primera Division (National Record) 9 straight wins (2011)
  • Highest attendance in Primera Division (National Record) — 85,268 v. Universidad Catolica (Dec 29, 1962)

Honours

Domestic

Cups

Continental

International

Players

First team squad

As of 1 August 2018[11]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 GK Fernando de Paul
3 DF Diego Carrasco
4 DF Osvaldo González
8 DF Augusto Barrios
9 FW Ángelo Henríquez
13 MF Camilo Moya
15 DF Jean Beausejour
16 DF Lucas Alarcón
No. Position Player
18 FW Matías Campos López
19 FW Nicolás Guerra
21 MF Gonzalo Espinoza
30 MF Jimmy Martínez
MF Fernando Cornejo
MF Sebastián Galani
FW Julian Alfaro
MF Jonathan Zacaría

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
GK Nelson Espinoza (at Magallanes)
DF Sergio Sandoval (at Dep. Puerto Montt)
DF Alonso Rodríguez (at Dep. Puerto Montt)
DF Diego Urquieta (at Deportes Santa Cruz)
DF Andrés Segovia (at Deportes Santa Cruz)
DF Carlos Villagrán (at San Marcos de Arica)
MF John Salas (at Coquimbo Unido)
MF Esteban Valencia (at San Marcos de Arica)
No. Position Player
MF Danilo Catalán (at Deportes La Serena)
FW Martín Arenas (at Magallanes)
FW Bruno Miranda (at Jorge Wilstermann)
FW Sebastián Gómez (at Malleco Unido)
FW Mario Briceño (at Barnechea)
FW Iván Rozas (at Ñublense)
FW Francisco Arancibia (at Goiás)

2020 Summer transfers

In

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
-- MF Fernando Cornejo (from Coquimbo Unido)
No. Position Player
-- MF Sebastián Galani (back from Coquimbo Unido)

Out

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
2 DF Lucas Aveldaño (Released)
6 DF Matías Rodríguez (Released)
7 FW Leandro Benegas (Released)
10 MF Nicolás Oroz (back to Racing Club)
11 FW Sebastián Ubilla (Released)
14 MF Pablo Parra (back to Cobreloa)
17 MF Rafael Caroca (Released)
No. Position Player
20 DF Rodrigo Echeverría (to Everton)
22 MF Leonardo Fernández (back to Tigres UANL)
23 FW Marcos Riquelme (back to Bolívar)
25 MF Johnny Herrera (to Everton)
29 GK Gonzalo Collao (tp Extremadura B)
-- DF Diego García (to Curicó Unido)

Player records

Individual honours

Primera Division top scorers

Copa Chile top scorers

Copa Sudamericana top scorers

Chilean Footballer of the Year

Primera División Footballer of the Year

America's Ideal Team

Most appearances

# Name Matches
1 Luis Musrri539
2 José Rojas471
3 Vladimir Bigorra468
4 Héctor Hoffens451
5 Manuel Pellegrini435
6 Johnny Herrera429
7 Jorge Socías429
8 Sergio Vargas428
9 Leonel Sánchez411
10 Braulio Musso390

Top scorers

# Name Goals
1 Carlos Campos197
2 Leonel Sánchez166
3 Pedro González120
4 Marcelo Salas113
5 Rubén Marcos110
6 Jorge Socías102
7 Diego Rivarola101
8 Pedro Araya90
9 Braulio Musso83
10 Ernesto Álvarez83

Managers

Current coaching staff

Position Name
Manager Frank Darío Kudelka
Assistant Manager Martín Ciccotello
Assistant Manager Raul Armando
Fitness coach Mauro Ceruti
Fitness coach Sebastián Burrows
Goalkeeping coach Gustavo Flores

List of managers

Average home attendances of Universidad de Chile[12]

2016-17 Clausura: 33,466

2016-17 Apertura: 30,041

2015-16 Clausura: 19,641

2015-16 Apertura: 12,901

See also

References

  1. Inauguran remodelado Estadio Nacional
  2. Juan Pablo Andrés and Eric Boesenberg. "Chile – List of Champions and Runners Up" (Rec.Sport.Football Statistics Foundation (RSSSF) ed.). Archived from the original on 2010-01-13. Retrieved 2009-10-23.
  3. "Chile's university challenge". FIFA. 29 October 2009. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  4. Switch, Image (2009-10-17). "Universidad de Chile 2009/10 team kits". Archived from the original on 2012-09-18. Retrieved 2009-10-19.
  5. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 24, 2014. Retrieved August 10, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. http://www.ferplei.com/2010/10/universidad-de-chile-dejara-de-tener-a-telmex-en-su-camiseta/
  7. http://www.latercera.com/noticia/deportes/2013/11/656-551870-9-universidad-de-chile-renueva-auspicio-con-claro-por-153-mil-uf.shtml
  8. Scaff, Patricio. "Sports' origin in Universidad de Chile and the "chuncho" in the club's history". Universidad de Chile. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  9. Romántico Viajero. "Camisetas años 2000". Romántico Viajero. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  10. Francis Fields. "Brazilian media praise visiting Universidad de Chile as "South America's Barcelona team"" (Footballanchor ed.). Retrieved 2011-11-23.
  11. Primer Equipo
  12. http://www.worldfootball.net/attendance/chi-primera-division-2016-2017-clausura/1/
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