Claudie Haigneré

Claudie (André-Deshays) Haigneré (born 13 May 1957) is a French doctor, politician, and former astronaut with the Centre National d'Études Spatiales (1985–1999) and the European Space Agency (1999–2002).[1]

Claudie Haigneré
Born (1957-05-13) 13 May 1957
Le Creusot, France
StatusRetired
NationalityFrench
OccupationRheumatologist Independent CEO at France Telecom
Awards
Space career
CNES/ESA astronaut
Time in space
25d 14h 22min
Selection1985 CNES Group 2
1999 ESA Group
MissionsSoyuz TM-24, Mir-Cassiopée, TM-23,
Soyuz TM-33, ISS-Andromède, TM-32
Mission insignia

Background and training

Born in Le Creusot, France, Claudie Haigneré studied medicine at the Faculté de Médecine (Paris-Cochin) and Faculté des Sciences (Paris-VII). She went on to obtain certificates in biology and sports medicine (1981), aviation and space medicine (1982), and rheumatology (1984).[2] In 1986 she received a diploma in the biomechanics and physiology of movement (1986) and received her doctorate in and received her doctorate in rheumatology (1984) and neuroscience(1992).[1][2]

Space career

Out of 10,000 candidates, France's space center selected only six men and Claudie Haigneré. Claudie Haigneré first qualified as an engineer and emergency pilot to the space shuttle. She first served as a back-up crew member for the 1993 Mir Altaïr mission in which her future husband Jean-Pierre Haigneré participated. The asteroid 135268 Haigneré is named in their combined honour. In 1994, Claudie Haigneré began training at the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center in Star City, Russia for the Franco-Russian Cassiopée mission and learned Russian during her time there. On August 17, 1996, she became the first French woman to go to space as she and two Russian cosmonauts, commander Valery Korzun and flight engineer Aleksandr Kaleri, launched into space aboard the Soyuz TM-24 on the Russian-French Cassiopée mission.[2] While on the mission, visited the Mirspace stationfor 16 days and she conducted comprehensive experiments in the fields of physiologyand development biology, fluid physics, and technology.[2] In 1999, Haigneré commanded a Soyuz capsule during reentry and became the first woman qualified to do so.[2] As the flight engineer on Soyuz TM-33 in 2001, she became the first European woman to visit the International Space Station.[2] After the mission, Claudie Haigneré continued her involvement in space science by attending scientific workshops and conferences. She also contributed to data analysis and constructions for the scientific programs of future projects.[3] She eventually retired from ESA on June 18, 2002.[4][5][6]

Political career

Following her career as an astronaut, Claudie Haigneré entered French politics in Jean-Pierre Raffarin's government. She was minister delegate for Research and New Technologies from 2002 to 2004 and succeeded Noëlle Lenoir as minister delegate for European Affairs from 2004 to 2005.[7]

Organizational involvement

Haigneré was named as the founding director of Universcience in 2009.[8] At that time, she was an advisor to the Director of the ESA.[9] In 2015, Haigneré resumed serving as a special advisor to ESA's director general.

Claudie Haigneré recently accepted the position to chair the Jury of the DStv Eutelsat Star Awards, which is an annual pan-African student competition in which students write an essay or create a poster focusing on science and technology fields as a source of inspiration to unlock opportunities for Africa. The essays and posters will then be judged by an international panel of industry experts, government and academic world members, based on accuracy, creativity, originality and innovation.[10] Claudie Haigneré's acceptance of this assignment marks the first time a woman has served on the panel for the DStv Eutelsat Star Awards.[10]

Honours

Claudie Haigneré received many special honors for her spaceflight career. She received the "Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur" as well as the "Chevalier de l'order National du Mérite. To recognize her outstanding involvement in the Franco-Russian space cooperation she received ensuing ranks of the Russian "Order of Friendship." She also received the Russian "Medal for Personal Valour."[3]

Claudie Haigneré is also an honorary member of the Société Francaise de Médecine Aéronautique et Spatiale and the Association Aéronautique et Astronautique de France (AAAF). She also holds membership in the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA) and of the Académie de l'Air et de l'space (ANAE).[3]

Sources

  • Flitner, Bettina: Frauen mit Visionen – 48 Europäerinnen (Women with visions – 48 Europeans). With texts by Alice Schwarzer. Munich: Knesebeck, 2004. ISBN 3-89660-211-X, 108–111 p.

References

  1. esa. "Claudie Haigneré (formerly Claudie André-Deshays)". esa.int.
  2. "Claudie Haignere | Biography & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  3. "International Space Station: Soyuz 3 Taxi Flight Crew". www.spaceflight.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2018-11-28.
  4. "cnes - Le site du Centre national d'études spatiales". www.cnes.fr.
  5. Becker, Joachim. "Cosmonaut Biography: Claudie Haigneré". www.spacefacts.de.
  6. "BBC - Space - Error". bbc.co.uk.
  7. "Biography of Claudie Haigneré". UNESCO. Retrieved 6 November 2011.
  8. Foucart, Stéphane (25 March 2009). "Claudie Haigneré coiffe la Cité des sciences et le Palais de la découverte". Le Monde (in French). Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  9. "Une mission de culture scientifique et technique pour Claudie Haigneré". European Space Agency (in French). 26 March 2009. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  10. "Claudie Haigneré, first European female astronaut to chair Jury of the DStv Eutelsat Star Awards". Mynewsdesk. Retrieved 2018-11-28.
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