City of federal subject significance

City of federal subject significance is an administrative division of a federal subject of Russia which is equal in status to a district but is organized around a large city; occasionally with surrounding rural territories.


According to the 1993 Constitution of Russia, the administrative-territorial structure of the federal subjects is not identified as the responsibility of the federal government or as the joint responsibility of the federal government and the federal subjects.[1] This state of the matters is traditionally interpreted by the governments of the federal subjects as a sign that the matters of the administrative-territorial divisions are the sole responsibility of the federal subjects themselves.[1] As a result, the modern administrative-territorial structures of the federal subjects vary significantly from one federal subject to another; that includes the manner in which the cities of federal subject significance are organized and the choice of a term to refer to such entities. In the federal subjects which have closed administrative-territorial formations, those are often given a similar status. Occasionally, this status is also given to the areas organized around the inhabited localities which are not cities, but smaller urban-type settlements.

List of designations

As of 2013, the following types of such entities are recognized:

English designation Russian designation Entity in which it exists Type of higher level entity
Administrative-territorial formation with special statusадминистративно-территориальное образование с особым статусомin the Republic of Kalmykia republic
Cityгородthe Republics of Dagestan, Kalmykia, and Khakassia republic
City of republic significanceгород республиканского значенияthe Republic of Bashkortostan, Republic of Buryatia, Chechen Republic, Chuvash Republic, Republic of Crimea,[2] Republic of Ingushetia, Kabardino-Balkar Republic, Karachay–Cherkess Republic, Republic of Karelia, Komi Republic, Mari El Republic, Republic of Mordovia, Republic of Tatarstan, and Udmurt Republic republic
City under republic jurisdictionгород республиканского подчиненияthe Sakha Republic and North Ossetia-Alania republic
City under republic jurisdiction (urban okrug)город республиканского подчинения (городской округ)the Tuva Republic republic
Closed administrative-territorial formationзакрытое административно-территориальное образованиеthe Republic of Bashkortostan republic
Republican urban okrugреспубликанский городской округthe Republic of Adygea republic
Urban okrugгородской округthe Altai Republic republic
CityгородKrasnodar Krai krai
City of krai significanceгород краевого значенияAltai, Khabarovsk, Perm, and Stavropol Krais krai
City under krai jurisdictionгород краевого подчиненияKamchatka and Primorsky Krais krai
Closed administrative-territorial formationзакрытое административно-территориальное образованиеAltai, Krasnoyarsk, and Perm Krais krai
Krai cityкраевой городKrasnoyarsk Krai krai
CityгородChelyabinsk, Irkutsk, Ivanovo, Kaluga, Kirov, Murmansk, Novosibirsk, Orenburg, Pskov, Sverdlovsk, Tyumen, and Vladimir Oblasts oblast
City of oblast significanceгород областного значенияArkhangelsk, Astrakhan, Belgorod, Kaliningrad, Kostroma, Kursk, Magadan, Nizhny Novgorod, Novgorod, Omsk, Oryol, Penza, Ryazan, Sakhalin, Samara, Saratov, Tambov, Ulyanovsk, Volgograd, Vologda, and Yaroslavl Oblasts oblast
City under oblast jurisdictionгород областного подчиненияKemerovo, Kurgan, Lipetsk, Moscow, Tomsk, and Tula Oblasts oblast
City with the jurisdictional territoryгород с подведомственной территориейMurmansk Oblast oblast
Closed administrative-territorial formationзакрытое административно-территориальное образованиеAstrakhan, Kirov, Moscow, Murmansk, Orenburg, Saratov, Sverdlovsk, and Vladimir Oblasts oblast
Municipal formation with urban okrug statusмуниципальное образование со статусом городского округаLeningrad Oblast oblast
OkrugокругTver Oblast oblast
Urban administrative okrug/city of oblast significanceгородской административный округ/город областного значенияBryansk Oblast oblast
Urban-type settlement of oblast significanceпосёлок городского типа областного значенияChelyabinsk and Kaliningrad Oblasts oblast
Urban-type settlement under oblast jurisdictionпосёлок городского типа областного подчиненияKemerovo Oblast oblast
Urban okrugгородской округAmur, Rostov, Smolensk, and Voronezh Oblast oblast
City of okrug significanceгород окружного значенияChukotka, Khanty-Mansi, Nenets, and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrugs autonomous okrugs
City of oblast significanceгород областного значенияJewish Autonomous Oblast autonomous oblast


  1. "Энциклопедический словарь конституционного права". Статья "Административно-территориальное устройство". Сост. А. А. Избранов. — Мн.: Изд. В.М. Суров, 2001.
  2. The Republic of Crimea is a federal subject of Russia established on the territory of the Crimean Peninsula, which is disputed between Russia and Ukraine

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