A cinquillo is a typical Cuban/Caribbean rhythmic cell, used in the Cuban contradanza (the "habanera") and the danzón. The figure is also a common bell pattern found throughout sub-Saharan Africa. It consists of an eighth, a sixteenth, an eighth, a sixteenth, and an eighth note.
When followed by four unsyncopated eighth notes, it is known as the baqueteo.
The biguine uses a cinquillo variant related to that found in other Caribbean genres.
- Mauleón, Rebeca (1993: 51). Salsa Guidebook: For Piano and Ensemble. Petaluma, CA: Sher Music.