Church of St. Michael and St. Anthony
The Church of St. Michael and St. Anthony is a Roman Catholic church located in Mile End, Montreal. It was originally built as the Church of St. Michael and frequented by Irish Catholics. Because of the growth of the Polish community in the area, in 1964 a Polish mission was inaugurated in the church and the church's name was expanded to "St. Michael and St. Anthony".
|Church of St. Michael and St. Anthony|
|Location||5580 rue St-Urbain, Montreal, Quebec|
|Former name(s)||Church of St. Michael|
|Style||Byzantine Revival architecture|
|Parish||St. Michael and St. Anthony|
|Diocese||Archdiocese of Montreal|
The church exemplifies cultural hybridity, being a Byzantine-styled church, built for Irish Catholics, in a multicultural neighbourhood, and being home today to mostly Poles and Italians. The church has also been noted for its Byzantine Revival architecture, complete with a dome and minaret-styled tower, making it "one of the more unique examples of church architecture in Montréal."
Construction on the Church of St. Michael the Archangel began in 1914, for what would grow to become the largest anglophone parish in Montreal. After a brief delay following the commencement of World War I, the church was completed in 1915 at a cost of $232,000, with a capacity of 1,400 people.
Though Mile End was originally a predominately Irish neighbourhood, the Polish community grew such that the two communities "merged into one", and to reflect this change, St. Anthony was appended to the parish name, reflecting the "Conventual Franciscans' devotion to St. Anthony of Padua." Today, the church is recognised as "the focal point for the Polish Catholics of Montreal."
The church was built in the Neo-Byzantine style of architecture, accompanied by a large turquoise dome and minaret-style tower. It was designed by architect Aristide Beaugrand-Champagne (1876–1950), who was inspired by the Hagia Sophia (originally an Orthodox basilica) in Istanbul (formerly Constantinople). The church also features elements of Gothic and Roman architecture, as well as lombard bands and window tracery reminiscent of Middle Ages castles.
The church's dome features one of the first uses of reinforced concrete in Quebec.
- "Fortieth Anniversary of St. Michael & St. Anthony's Parish". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Montreal. 2004-06-12. Archived from the original on 2009-01-07. Retrieved 2009-11-30.
- Simon 1999: 12
- Eilís Quinn (2007). Montréal & Québec City. Lonely Planet. p. 102. ISBN 1-74104-006-X.
- Information from a ormer parishioner
- Simon 1999: 13
- McDonnell, Kate (2008-04-13). "An Echo of the Hagia Sophia". Retrieved 2009-11-30.
- Simon 1999: 11
- Simon, Sherry (1999). Hybriditée Culturelle. Montreal: L'Île de la tortue. ISBN 2-922369-02-1.