|Minister for Defence|
28 August 2018 – 26 May 2019
|Prime Minister||Scott Morrison|
|Preceded by||Marise Payne|
|Succeeded by||Linda Reynolds|
|Minister for Defence Industry|
19 July 2016 – 27 August 2018
|Prime Minister||Malcolm Turnbull|
|Preceded by||Office established|
|Succeeded by||Steven Ciobo|
|Leader of the House|
18 September 2013 – 26 May 2019
|Prime Minister||Tony Abbott|
|Preceded by||Anthony Albanese|
|Succeeded by||Christian Porter|
|Minister for Industry, Innovation and Science|
21 September 2015 – 19 July 2016
|Prime Minister||Malcolm Turnbull|
|Preceded by||Ian Macfarlane|
|Succeeded by||Greg Hunt|
|Minister for Education and Training|
18 September 2013 – 21 September 2015
|Prime Minister||Tony Abbott|
|Preceded by||Bill Shorten|
|Succeeded by||Simon Birmingham|
|Manager of Opposition Business in the House|
16 February 2009 – 18 September 2013
|Preceded by||Joe Hockey|
|Succeeded by||Tony Burke|
|Minister for Ageing|
21 March 2007 – 3 December 2007
|Prime Minister||John Howard|
|Preceded by||Santo Santoro|
|Succeeded by||Justine Elliot|
|Assistant Minister for Health and Ageing|
30 January 2007 – 21 March 2007
|Prime Minister||John Howard|
|Preceded by||Office established|
|Succeeded by||Fiona Nash|
|Member of the Australian Parliament|
13 March 1993 – 11 April 2019
|Preceded by||Ian Wilson|
|Succeeded by||James Stevens|
Christopher Maurice Pyne
13 August 1967
Adelaide, South Australia
|Political party||Liberal Party of Australia|
|Alma mater||University of Adelaide, University of South Australia|
|Profession||Lawyer, politician, author|
Upon the ascendancy of the Abbott Government at the 2013 election, Pyne entered the Cabinet of Australia and became Leader of the House and Minister for Education, renamed Minister for Education and Training from December 2014. Upon the ascendancy of the Turnbull Government at the 2015 Liberal leadership ballot, Pyne remained Leader of the House and became Minister for Industry, Innovation and Science. With the reelection of the government in 2016, Pyne became the Minister for Defence Industry. Upon the installment of the First Morrison Ministry in August 2018, he became the Minister for Defence.
Pyne retired from politics at the 2019 Australian federal election. . In June 2019, he was appointed as an industry professor at the University of South Australia.
Early years and education
The fifth and youngest child of ophthalmic surgeon, Remington Pyne and his wife Margaret, Pyne was born in Adelaide, South Australia in 1967. Christopher Pyne was educated at the University of Adelaide, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Laws and was President of Adelaide University Liberal Club from 1987 to 1988.
He was a research assistant to Senator Amanda Vanstone and later became President of the South Australian Young Liberals from 1988–1990. Pyne was pre-selected as the Liberal candidate for the safe Labor seat of Ross Smith at the 1989 state election but was defeated by the sitting member and Premier of South Australia, John Bannon. He earned a Graduate Diploma of Legal Practice at the University of South Australia and began practising as a solicitor in 1991.
At the 1993 election, aged 25, Pyne was elected to the South Australian Division of Sturt in the House of Representatives. He had earlier defeated Sturt incumbent Ian Wilson in a Liberal pre-selection ballot for the seat. Wilson had held the seat for all but one term since the 1966 election. Between them, he and his father, Keith, had held the seat for all but four years since its creation in 1949. Wilson was 35 years Pyne's senior; indeed, he had won his first election a year before Pyne was born.
|Election in Sturt||1993||1996||1998||2001||2004||2007||2010||2013||2016|
|First preference %||39.4||54.1||47.8||50.7||51.7||47.2||48.1||54.4||44.4|
Pyne is a republican and established himself as a member of the moderate, "small-l liberal" faction of the Liberal Party, supporting then Deputy Leader Peter Costello. Pyne remains a close ally of state Liberal Vickie Chapman.
In 1994, after serving as a backbencher for a period, Pyne was appointed Parliamentary Secretary to the Shadow Minister for Social Security. He retained this position after John Howard was elected as leader, and up to the 1996 election.
After the 1996 Coalition victory Pyne sat as a backbencher. Pyne chaired the Australia Israel Parliamentary group from 1996 to 2004. In 2003, he was appointed Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Family and Community Services, where he remained until 2004, when named Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Health and Ageing. As Parliamentary Secretary, he defended the government's "War on drugs" and established his strong support of illicit drug prohibition, as opposed to harm minimisation. He launched the youth mental health initiative Headspace.
Pyne served as a Parliamentary Secretary until 30 January 2007 when he was appointed Assistant Minister for Health and Ageing. He held this portfolio until 21 March, when he was elevated to the outer ministry as Minister for Ageing, succeeding resigning Minister, Senator Santo Santoro.
Pyne came close to losing Sturt at the 2007 election to Labor candidate Mia Handshin, after suffering a 5.9 percent two-party swing to finish with a 0.9 percent two-party margin (856 votes), which made Sturt the most marginal seat in South Australia. Following the election in which the John Howard-led Coalition government was defeated by the Kevin Rudd-led Labor opposition, Pyne put himself forward as a candidate for Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party at the 2007 Liberal leadership ballot. Julie Bishop prevailed with 44 votes, ahead of Andrew Robb who won 25 votes, while Pyne came third with 18 votes. Following the election of Brendan Nelson as party leader, Pyne was appointed Shadow Minister for Justice and Border Protection.
Following Malcolm Turnbull's ascension at the 2008 Liberal leadership ballot, Pyne was elevated to Shadow Cabinet as Shadow Minister for Education, Apprenticeships and Training. After Bishop stepped down from the portfolio of Shadow Treasurer, Joe Hockey took up the portfolio, with Pyne replacing Hockey as Manager of Opposition Business in the House on 16 February 2009.
Pyne was reappointed as Manager of Opposition Business in the House and Shadow Minister for Education, Apprenticeships and Training by Tony Abbott after he deposed Turnbull at the 2009 Liberal leadership ballot. Pyne was re-elected at the 2010 election, receiving a 2.5 percent two-party swing to finish with a marginal 53.4 percent two-party vote, which made neighbouring Boothby the most marginal seat in South Australia. Pyne was re-appointed as Manager of Opposition Business in the House and Shadow Minister for Education, Apprenticeships and Training.
Pyne was re-elected to Sturt at the 2013 election, receiving a 6.5 percent two-party swing to finish with a 60.1 percent two-party vote, making Sturt a safe Liberal seat on paper. Pyne was elevated to the Cabinet of Australia on 18 September 2013 as Leader of the House and Minister for Education in the Abbott Government. In December 2014, his portfolio was renamed to Minister for Education and Training.
As Minister for Education and Training, Pyne enacted changes to the education system to provide minimum standards for teachers, promoted independent public schooling, expanded phonics teaching, and created a new national curriculum. Pyne also attempted to reform the university sector to introduce market principles but was rejected by the Senate.
In May 2014, Pyne suggested that HECS debts should be reclaimed from the estates of deceased students.
Despite much speculation Pyne would be appointed as Defence Minister, he remained Leader of the House and was appointed as Minister for Industry, Innovation and Science in the Turnbull Government following Malcolm Turnbull's re-ascension at the 2015 Liberal leadership ballot. As Minister for Industry, Innovation and Science, Pyne was credited with creating and implementing the National Innovation and Science Agenda (NISA).
With the reelection of the Government in 2016, Pyne became the Minister for Defence Industry in the Second Turnbull Ministry. As Minister for Defence Industry, Pyne was given responsibility for implementing the largest modernisation of the Australian Defence Force since the Second World War, increasing the Australian Government's investment in defence capability to almost $200 billion.
On 2 March 2019 Pyne announced that he would not recontest the seat of Sturt at the next federal election; and would retire from politics. The House of Representatives was dissolved on 11 April 2019.
- Henriques-Gomes, Luke (2 March 2019). "'Not a life sentence': Christopher Pyne plots next move after 26 years in parliament". Guardian Australia. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
- Belot, Henry (2 March 2019). "Scott Morrison insists he's not distracted by ministerial exodus as Christopher Pyne bows out of politics". ABC News. Australia. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
- Livingston, Angus (2 March 2019). "Pyne's new chapter after 26 Canberra years". Blue Mountains Gazette. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
- "Christopher Pyne appointed professor by University of South Australia". The Australian. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
- "RANZCO - Home". RANZCO.edu. Retrieved 2 June 2016.
- "The Hon Christopher Pyne MP, Member for Sturt (SA)". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 3 December 2007.
- "Chris Pyne Online". Retrieved 3 December 2007.
- "Christopher Pyne online biography". Retrieved 20 October 2009.
- "Costello backer gets his reward". The Age. Melbourne. 19 March 2007. Retrieved 3 December 2007.
- Political debate on ABC between Pyne, Mark Latham and moderator Tony Jones
- "South Australia's 10 most poisonous political feuds". The Advertiser. 21 May 2014.
- "Government defends drugs policy". ABC News. Australia. 28 September 2006. Retrieved 3 December 2007.
- "Pyne launches youth mental health initiative". Department of Health and Ageing. 18 July 2006. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
- "Nelson's victory puts Turnbull on deck". The Sydney Morning Herald. 20 November 2007.
- "Brendan Nelson announces shadow ministry". The Courier-Mail. 6 December 2007. Retrieved 3 December 2008.
- "SA's Chris Pyne named Education Spokesman in new Coalition frontbench". The Advertiser. Archived from the original on 23 September 2008. Retrieved 22 September 2008.
- "Shock result as Abbott wins Liberal leadership by one vote ... ETS dead". The Sydney Morning Herald. 1 December 2009. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
- "Sturt results – 2010 federal election: AEC". Archived from the original on 12 October 2010. Retrieved 26 September 2010.
- Parliamentary Handbook excerpt, aph.gov.au; accessed 26 December 2014.
- "Tony Abbott's cabinet and outer ministry". The Sydney Morning Herald. AAP. 16 September 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
- "Parliament House Canberra press conference" (transcript) (Press release). Prime Minister of Australia. 21 December 2014. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- Borrello, Eliza. "Student teachers will need to pass literacy and numeracy test before being allowed to graduate". ABC News. Australia. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- Griffiths, Emma. "Christopher Pyne announces $70 million fund to help public schools go it alone". ABC News. Australia. Retrieved 3 February 2014.
- Bita, Natasha. "Phonics, faith and coding for primary school kids". The Australian. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
- Pyne, Christopher. "A new national curriculum from 2016". Department of Education. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
- Kenny, Mark. "Degrees of failure: university reforms fail to pass Senate". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
- Knott, Matthew. "Christopher Pyne suggests collecting HECS debts from dead students as way to help budget". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2 June 2016.
- Glasgow, Will (16 September 2015). "The gossip on Hockey, Pyne, Defence and Communications". Australian Financial Review.
- Borrello, Eliza. "Innovation statement: PM Malcolm Turnbull calls for 'ideas boom' as he unveils $1b vision for Australia's future". ABC News. Australia. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
- Anderson, Stephanie (20 July 2016). "Election 2016: Malcolm Turnbull unveils ministry with Christopher Pyne, Greg Hunt on the move". ABC News. Australia. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
- Burgess, Verona. "Why Pyne is the real Defence Minister". Australian Financial Review. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
- "Defence White Paper 2016" (PDF). Department of Defence. Retrieved 1 November 2016.
- Molloy, Shannon (28 January 2016). "Christopher Pyne ... the TV star? The colourful MP lands his own weekly show, alongside rival Richard Marles". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
- Yaxley, Louise (26 August 2018). "Scott Morrison announces new ministry with Julie Bishop replaced by Marise Payne as foreign affairs minister". ABC News. Australia. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- "A Letter To My Children". Melbourne University Publishing. 3 August 2015. Retrieved 2 June 2016.
|Parliament of Australia|
| Member for Sturt
| Minister for Ageing
| Manager of Opposition Business in the House
| Leader of the House
| Minister for Education and Training
| Minister for Industry, Innovation and Science
| Minister for Defence Industry
| Minister for Defence