Chonburi Province

Chonburi (Thai: ชลบุรี, RTGS: Chon Buri, [tɕ͡ʰōn bū.rīː] (listen)) is an eastern province (changwat) of Thailand.[4] Its capital is Chonburi. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Chachoengsao, Chanthaburi, and Rayong. To the west is the Gulf of Thailand. Chonburi is home to Thailand's largest tourist-oriented city, Pattaya, as well as Thailand's largest and primary seaport, Laem Chabang. The province's population has grown rapidly, with some 1.7 million residents (albeit with a large floating or unregistered population).[5] The registered population as of 31 December 2018 was 1.535 million.[2]

Chonburi

ชลบุรี
(clockwise from upper-left) View of Pattaya skyline, Koh Loi Shrine, Nong Nooch Garden, Sanctuary of Truth, Phra Chuthathut Palace of Koh Si Chang

Flag

Seal
Location within Thailand
Coordinates: 13°13′N 101°11′E
CountryThailand
RegionEastern Thailand
Provincial CapitalChonburi
Largest CityPattaya
Settledc. 7th century, as Phrarot city
Founded as city1897–1932
Founded as province1933
Governing bodyChonburi Provincial Office
Government
  TypeProvince
  GovernorPhakkhrathon Thianchai
(since October 2016)
Area
  Province4,363 km2 (1,685 sq mi)
Area rank50th
Elevation
50 m (160 ft)
Population
 (2018)[2]
  Province1,535,445
  Rank9th
  Density351.9/km2 (911/sq mi)
  Density rank10th
Human Achievement Index
  HAI (2017)0.6613 "high"
Ranked 6th
Time zoneUTC+07:00 (ICT)
Postal code
20xxx
Calling code038
ISO 3166 codeTH-20

Toponymy

The word chon originates from the Sanskrit word जल; jala meaning 'water', and the word buri from Sanskrit पुरि; puri meaning 'town' or 'city'. Hence the name of the province literally means 'city of water'.

History

Chonburi is the territory that is known since Dvaravati, Khmer Empire and Sukhothai Kingdom. Chonburi was initially only a small agricultural town and a small fishing community scattered around. In Ayutthayan period, Chonburi was classified to commodore class city. According to the Triphum map, it appeared the important towns from north to south such as Bangsai (บางทราย; today is a sub-district of Chonburi), Bangplasoi (บางปลาสร้อย; today is a downtown of Chonburi), Bangphrarua (บางพระเรือ; Today is a sub-district of Si Racha) and Banglamung (บางละมุง, today is a district of Chonburi Province) Although it is a small town, it enriches natural resources both on land and at sea. There were agriculture and fishing from past. Moreover, they contacted with the Chinese sailing who came to trade with Siam.

Prehistoric

Chonburi is the territory that has been settled since prehistoric period. Important Neolithic town, Khok Phanom Di that located in Phanthong river lowland (บริเวณที่ลุ่มริมฝั่งแม่น้ำพานทอง; Today is Phanthong and Phanat Nikhom) was found by archeologist in 1979. An archaeologist found beads, bracelets, the pottery which made pattern by taking a rope into the wet soil and also polished stone axes to harvest, to hunting, to chasing. It can be supposed that Chonburi area had been located by prosperous ancient town such as Phra Rot, Sri Phalo and Phaya Rae.

Historic

Rattanakosin Period

In the reign of Rama III, Indha-asa of Vientiane has taken a number of immigrants to Siam. The Siamese King allowed them to establish habitat between Chonburi and Chachoengsao (about Phanat Nikhom area in present).

Symbols

The provincial seal shows the hill Khao Sam Muk, on which there is a sala with a statue of the goddess, Chao Mae Sahm Muk, who, it is believed, protects seafarers and the local population.[6]

The provincial tree and flower is the "New Guinea rosewood" (Pterocarpus indicus, called Mai Pradu in Thai).

The provincial motto is "Beautiful beaches, delicious khao lam, sweet sugar cane, delicate basketry products, and buffalo racing."[7]

Geography

The province is on the Bay of Bangkok, the northern end of the Gulf of Thailand. The Khao Khiao mountain range stretches from the northwest to the southeast of the province. The plains of the north were long used for farming. Laem Chabang, between Chonburi and Pattaya, is one of the few deep-water harbours of Thailand.

The provincial permanent legal population rose at nearly four percent annually from 1,040,865 in 2000 to 1,554,365 in 2010.[5] There is a large floating population of long-term residents (non-Thai) without permanent status, on perpetual tourist visa and/or migrant workers (legal or not), as well as heavy, short term tourist influxes.

Demographics

Religion

Religion in Chonburi (cencus 2015)[8]

  Buddhism (97.87%)
  Islam (1.56%)
  Christianity (0.60%)
  Other (0.06%)

According to a 2015 survey[8], around 97.87% of the population of Chonburi belongs to Buddhism, followed by Islam with 1.56% and Christianity with 0.60%.

Religion Census 2015[8] %
Buddhism1,256,08197.87%
Islam20,0001.56%
Christianity7,7070.60%
Other religions8000.06%
Wat Ñanasamvara Woramahawihan in Huai Yai, Bang Lamung.
Khao Chi Chan in Na Chom Thian, Bang Lamung.
Wat Tham Nimit in Ban Suan, Chonburi.
Wat Khao Phra Bat in Pattaya, Bang Lamung.

Administrative divisions

Chonburi Province consists of 11 districts (amphoe). These are further subdivided into 92 subdistricts (tambon) and 710 villages (muban). As of 31 December 2018 there are: 1 Chonburi Provincial Administrative Organisation - CPOA (ongkan borihan suan changwat chonburi), 1 Pattaya City Special Local Government, 2 City municipalities (thesaban nakhon) and 10 Town municipalities (thesaban mueang).[9] Further there are: 35 Subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon) and 50 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).[10]

Map # Name Thai Population (2018) Subdivisions
Districts
1 Mueang Chonburi เมืองชลบุรี 335,063 18 tambon — 107 muban
2 Ban Bueng บ้านบึง 103,377 8 tambon — 52 muban
3 Nong Yai หนองใหญ่ 23,625 5 tambon — 24 muban
4 Bang Lamung บางละมุง 315,437 8 tambon — 72 muban
5 Phan Thong พานทอง 69,429 11 tambon — 76 muban
6 Phanat Nikhom พนัสนิคม 124,637 20 tambon — 185 muban
7 Si Racha ศรีราชา 301,799 8 tambon — 73 muban
8 Ko Sichang เกาะสีชัง 4,560 1 tambon — 7 muban
9 Sattahip สัตหีบ 165,492 5 tambon — 40 muban
10 Bo Thong บ่อทอง 50,318 6 tambon — 47 muban
11 Ko Chan เกาะจันทร์ 37,670 2 tambon — 27 muban

Transport

Road

  1. Via the Bangkok-Chonburi-Pattaya Motorway (Hwy 7) The motorway is linked with Bangkok's Outer Ring Road., (Hwy 9) and there is also another entrance at Si Nakharin and Rama IX Junction.
  2. Via Bang Na-Trat Highway (Hwy 34) From Bang Na, Bang Phli, across the Bang Pakong River to Chonburi there is a Chonburi bypass that meets Sukhumvit Road, (Hwy 3, passing Bang Saen Beach, Bang Phra, Pattaya and Sattahip.

Airports

Chonburi is about 120 kilometres (75 mi) by road from Suvarnabhumi Airport (BKK), the country's largest international airport. By road, it is accessed from Sukhumvit Road and Motorway 7 from Bangkok. Chonburi is also served by scheduled flights via U-Tapao International Airport (UTP) which is 45 minute drive south of the city.

Highways

The main road through Chonburi is Thailand Route 3, also known as Sukhumvit Road. To the northeast it connects to Bangkok and to south it connects to Rayong Province, Chanthaburi Province and Trat Province. Route 344 leads east to Klaeng (which is also on Route 3). Route 7 runs parallel to Route 3 but bypasses the densely populated coastal area, connecting to the beach resort city of Pattaya.

Rail

State Railway of Thailand, the national passenger rail system, provides service in the province, with the main station being Chon Buri Railway Station.

Health

Many hospitals exist in Chonburi, both public and private. Chonburi has one university hospital, Burapha University Hospital. Its main hospital operated by the Ministry of Public Health is Chonburi Hospital. Hospitals operated by other organisations such as the Thai Red Cross Society (Queen Savang Vadhana Memorial Hospital), and the Royal Thai Navy (Queen Sirikit Naval Hospital) are also found in the province.

Educational facilities

Universities

Colleges

  • Graduate School of Public Administration, National Institute of Development Administration (GSPA)
  • Interior College (IC)
  • Panyapiwat Institute of Management (PIM)

Human achievement index 2017

Index for the province Chonburi[3]
HAI indices Map Index Rank list
Health20.586534th
Education30.75922nd
Employment40.82012nd
Income50.73407th
Housing and environment60.632374th
Family and community life70.681518th
Transport and communication80.79605th
Participation90.280872nd
HAI 201710.66136th


Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[3]
Province Chonburi, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.6613, takes the 6th place in the rankings. This is "high" between the values of 0.6246 and 0.6885.

Tourism

Some nine million visitors to the province were recorded in 2012, of which 6.1 million were from abroad, most of these being Russian, 2.2 million visitors.[11]

Chonburi Buffalo Race (งานประเพณีวิ่งควาย) In Ban Bueng and Nong Yai Districts. The animals are dressed outrageously or with creatively by owners. Assembled in the courtyard in front of the town hall, the buffaloes partake in racing, or take part in physical fitness and fashion contests. The Chonburi Buffalo Race festival started more than 100 years ago.[12] Usually, the races will be complemented with booths selling locally made items, stage performances, games and beauty contests.[13] The annual Buffalo Race, held around the 11th lunar month, normally in October. It takes seven days and takes place on the field in front of the city and provincial government offices. The highlight of the festival is the buffalo race which is on the last two days. This race is 100 meters–long. The prize for the first nose past the finish line is a trophy and some money.[14]


Songkran day in bangsaen or " Ko Phra Sai Wan Lai Bangsaen" is a tradition that has been held continuously for a long time, covering ten years, at Bang Saen beach and Laem Thaen, Saen Suk Subdistrict, Mueang District, Chon Buri Province.  Between April 16-17 of each year. The highlight of this event contest.  Which will be provided for the contestants to build a sand Buddha at Bangsaen beach  In which each Buddha sand arch  There is a magnificent decoration.  Combined with the sea atmosphere and Thai decorations , this place has become one of the most beautiful Songkran festivals in Thailand. In addition, there are many interesting activities awaiting in the event.  Such as merriting alms to monks, bathing Buddha images, pouring water on the elders, traditional sporting events, sea boxing competitions, oyster sheep competitions, selling seafood and local food, selling local products (OTOP)  ), Concerts from famous artists etc.

See also

Notes

Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.

References

  1. Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data (PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016, Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, at Wayback Machine.
  2. "ร่ยงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. stat.bora.dopa.go.th (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Archived from the original on 2 April 2019. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  3. ดัชนีความก้าวหน้าของคน ปี2560 [Human Achievement Index - HAI year 2017] (PDF). social.nesdb.go.th (Report) (in Thai). National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB). 2017. pp. 62–63. ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1. Retrieved 14 September 2019, Maps 1-9
  4. "About Chon Buri". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 31 May 2015.
  5. http://www.citypopulation.de/php/thailand-admin.php
  6. "Chonburi". THAILEX Travel Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 2015-11-27. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
  7. "History". สำนักงานการท่องเที่ยวและกีฬาจังหวัดชลบุรี. Retrieved 2019-05-23.
  8. http://cbi.onab.go.th/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=327&Itemid=206 Religion in Chonburi
  9. https://www.chonburilocal.go.th/public/history/data/index/menu/22 Basic information of the local government in the Chonburi province
  10. https://www.dla.go.th/work/abt/index.jsp Thesaban - 14 June 2562 (2019)
  11. "Chon Buri sees 9mn visitors in 2012". The Nation. 8 April 2013. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  12. สำนักงานคณะกรรมการวัฒนธรรมแห่งชาติ, ประเพณีวิ่งควาย (1994). ชีวิตไทยชุดบรรพบุรุษของเรา.กรุงเทพฯ: คุรุสภาลาดพร้าว, 2013
  13. "Chonburi buffalos race Oct. 14-20". Pattaya Mail. 2013-09-06. Archived from the original on 10 June 2015. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
  14. "Chonburi Buffalo Racing". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 19 April 2019.
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