Chiraphos is a chiral diphosphine employed as a ligand in organometallic chemistry. This bidentate ligand chelates metals via the two phosphine groups. Its name is derived from its description being both chiral and a phosphine. As a C2-symmetric ligand, chiraphos is available in two enantiomeric forms, S,S and R,R, each with C2 symmetry.

Other names
* (2S,3S)-(–)-Bis(diphenylphosphino)butane
  • (2R,3R)-(+)-Bis(diphenylphosphino)butane (for the corresponding enantiomer)
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.152.152
Molar mass 426.47 g/mol
Appearance White powder
Melting point 104 to 109 °C (219 to 228 °F; 377 to 382 K)
Irritant (XI)
R-phrases (outdated) R36/37/38
S-phrases (outdated) S26 S37/39
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N verify (what is YN ?)
Infobox references


Chiraphos is prepared from S,S or R,R-2,3-butanediol, which are derived from commercially available S,S or R,R-tartaric acid; the technique of using cheaply available enantiopure starting materials is known as chiral pool synthesis. The diol is tosylated and then the ditosylate is treated with lithium diphenylphosphide.[1] The ligand was an important demonstration of how the conformation of the chelate ring can affect asymmetric induction by a metal catalyst. Prior to this work, in most chiral phosphines, e.g., DIPAMP, phosphorus was the stereogenic center.


  1. Fryzuk, M. D.; Bosnich, B. (1977). "Asymmetric synthesis. Production of optically active amino acids by catalytic hydrogenation". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 99 (19): 6262–6267. doi:10.1021/ja00461a014. PMID 893889.
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