Developed in the mid-19th century for British and French military uniforms, it has since migrated into civilian wear. Trousers of such a fabric gained popularity in the U.S. when Spanish–American War veterans returned from the Philippines with their twill military trousers.
First designed to be used in the military and then taken up by civilians, chino fabric was originally made to be simple, durable and comfortable for soldiers to wear; the use of natural earth-tone colors also began the move towards camouflage, instead of the brightly colored tunics used prior. The British Army, and later, the American army started wearing it as standard during the latter half of the 1800s.
The pure-cotton fabric is widely used for trousers, referred to as chinos. The original khaki (light brown) is the traditional and most popular color, but chinos are made in many shades.
- Maitra, K. K. (2007). Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Clothing and Textiles. New Delhi: Mittal Publications. ISBN 978-81-8324-205-9.
- Operath, Larry (2006). Illustrated Dictionary of Textile. New Delhi: Lotus Press. ISBN 978-81-89093-62-4.
- Picken, Mary Brooks (1998). A Dictionary of Costume and Fashion: Historic and Modern. Mineola, NY: Courier Dover Publications. ISBN 978-0-486-40294-9.