China Railway CRH5

The CRH5 Hexie (simplified Chinese: 和谐号; traditional Chinese: 和諧號; pinyin: Héxié Hào; literally: "Harmony") is an electric multiple unit high-speed train in use with China Railway High-speed in the People's Republic of China. The CRH5 is based on the ETR-600 New Pendolino used in Italy.

China Railways CRH5 EMU
CRH5 high-speed train in Beijing railway station
In service2007 – Present
Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd.
Family namePendolino
Number built140 trainsets (1120 cars)
Formation8 cars per trainset (5M3T)
CapacityFixed seats: 622
Rolling seats: 586 or 570
Operator(s)Chinese Ministry of Railways
- Beijing Railway Bureau
- Shenyang Railway Bureau
- Harbin Railway Bureau
- Taiyuan Railway Bureau
- Jinan Railway Bureau
- Zhengzhou Railway Bureau
- Wuhan Railway Bureau
- Lanzhou Railway Bureau
- Urumqi Railway Bureau
Line(s) servedJingha Railway, Jinghu Railway, Jingguang Railway, Shitai PDL
Train length211.5 m (694 ft)
Width3,200 mm (10 ft 6 in)
Height4,270 mm (14 ft 0 in)
Platform height500–1,250 mm (1 ft 8 in–4 ft 1 in)
Maximum speed250 km/h (155 mph)
Weight443 t (436 long tons; 488 short tons)
Traction systemAlstom IGBT VVVF inverter control
Power output5,500 kW (7,400 hp)
Acceleration≥ 0.5 m/s2 (1.6 ft/s2) (Starter)
0.11 m/s2 (0.36 ft/s2)
(at 200 km/h or 124 mph)
0.05 m/s2 (0.16 ft/s2)
(at 250 km/h or 155 mph)
Power supply(?)
Electric system(s)25 kV 50 Hz AC Overhead
Current collection methodPantograph
Braking system(s)Regenerative, electronically controlled pneumatic brakes
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge

The CRH5 are non-tilting trains, developed for the Chinese Railways and which technology has been transferred to local manufacturers.[1] The CRH5 have a design speed of up to 200 kilometres per hour (124 mph) and now operate steadily at 250 kilometres per hour (155 mph).[2][3][4]


In 2004, the Ministry of Railway in China contracted Alstom and CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles to produce 60 sets of the train with a maximum speed of 250 kilometres per hour (155 mph). They were ordered around the same time as the Regina-based CRH1A and the Shinkansen-based CRH2A. These trains have been given the designation CRH5A, and are still the only type of the CRH5 trains. 30 additional sets were ordered in 2009 and 20 additional sets were ordered in 2010 to complete the current fleet operating on China's northern and eastern lines.[5][6] On April 26, 2011, the MOR ordered an additional 30 sets.

As to the initial 60 sets, the first three were manufactured by Alstom's factory in Italy, and the next six were delivered in complete knock down form and assembled by CNR Changchun Railway Vehicle. The remaining 51 sets were built by CNR Changchun through technology transfer from Alstom.

The first train (CRH5-001A) departed from Savigliano port, Italy on December 11, 2006 and arrive at Dalian port on January 28, 2007. The first CRH5A set made by CNR Changchun (CRH5-010A) was delivered in April, 2007.

The CRH5A sets started service from April 18, 2007, the date of the sixth national railway speed-up at the Beijing-Harbin Railway. In the following years, it opened service at the Jinan-Qingdao high-speed rail and Shijiazhuang-Taiyuan high-speed rail.

Each of the CRH5A set consists of eight cars. The initial 12 sets (CRH5-001A ~ CRH5-012A) have one first-class seating car (ZY), six second-class seating cars (ZE), and one second-class seating/dining car (ZEC). The subsequent sets have two first-class seating cars (ZY) and six second-class seating cars (ZE).

The CRH5A trains experienced a number of failures in early stages. The failures were attributed to new technologies introduced on CRH5A and a relatively short trial run before the first delivery [7][8]


On April 2, 2007, China Academy of Railway Sciences ordered a CRH5-based high-speed test train; the official name of this train set is Code Zero Comprehensive Testing Train, name code CIT001. This train is equipped with special devices to monitor the condition of the track, wheel-rail force, overhead wire, communication system and signal system. The train is painted with yellow and white color and started test run on July 1, 2007.[9]


Power Destination

  • M – Motor car
  • T – Trailer car
  • C – Driver cabin
  • P – Pantograph

Coach Type

  • ZY – First Class Coach
  • ZE – Second Class Coach
  • ZYE – First Class/Second Class Coach
  • ZEC – Second Class Coach/Buffet Car


Coach No. 12345678
Power Configuration MC M TP M T TP M MC
Power Units Unit 1 Unit 2
Capacity1 74 93 93 93 93 42 74 60
Capacity2 56 90 90 90 90 40 74 56
  • ^1 Train No.CRH5A-5001 to CRH5A-5012 and CRH5A-5043 to CRH5A-5053
  • ^2 Train No.CRH5A-5013 to CRH5A-5042, CRH5A-5054 to CRH5A-5140 and CRH5G-5141 to CRH5G-5156


Operator Quantity Series number Lines serving Note
Beijing Railway Bureau21CRH5-005A、CRH5-007A、CRH5-009A、CRH5-018A、CRH5-021A、
CRH5-028A、CRH5-029A、CRH5-046A ~ CRH5-055A、
Jingha RailwayJinghu Railway
Jingguang RailwayShitai PDL
Jinan Railway Bureau18CRH5-061A、CRH5-062A、CRH5-065A ~ CRH5-080AJinghu RailwayJiaoji PDL
Zhengzhou Railway Bureau14CRH5-034A ~ CRH5-043A、CRH5-056A、CRH5-057A、
Longhai RailwayJingguang RailwayJinghu Railway
Shenyang Railway Bureau30CRH5-001A ~ CRH5-004A、CRH5-006A、CRH5-008A、
CRH5-010A ~ CRH5-017A、CRH5-024A ~ CRH5-027A、
CRH5-081A ~ CRH5-085A、CRH5-088A、CRH5-089A、
Jingha Railway
Harbin Railway Bureau6CRH5-019A、CRH5-020A、CRH5-022A、
Jingha Railway
Taiyuan Railway Bureau4CRH5-044A、CRH5-045A、CRH5-054A、CRH5-055AShitai PDLJingguang Railway
China MOR1CIT001Comprehensive testing train

(as of January 2013)

See also


  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-02-28. Retrieved 2010-11-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2010-01-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-17. Retrieved 2010-01-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-02-12. Retrieved 2010-01-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. "四方所同长春轨道客车股份有限公司获2亿CRH5型动车组大订单-中国起重机吊车网". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-07. Retrieved 2010-12-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-03. Retrieved 2010-01-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-10-17. Retrieved 2010-01-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. 走自主创新之路,做铁路安全卫士 Archived 2011-07-07 at the Wayback Machine
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