China Railway CRH1
The CRH1 EMU, also known as Hexie (simplified Chinese: 和谐号; traditional Chinese: 和諧號; pinyin: Héxié Hào; literally: "Harmony") is a high-speed train operated by China Railway and built by a joint venture between Bombardier Transportation and Sifang at Bombardier Sifang Power Transportation factory in Qingdao, Shandong Province, People's Republic of China.
|China Railways CRH1 EMU|
CRH1 high-speed train
|In service||February 1, 2007 – Present|
|Manufacturer||Bombardier Sifang (Qingdao) Transportation Ltd.|
(Bombardier Transportation and CSR Sifang)
|Number built||CRH1A: 128 trainsets (1024 cars)|
CRH1A–A: 87 trainsets (696 cars)
CRH1B: 24 trainsets (384 cars)
CRH1E: 15 trainsets (240 cars)
CRH1E–250: 5 trainsets (80 cars)
CRH380D: 85 trainsets (680 cars)
|Formation||CRH1A/A–A: eight cars per trainset (5M3T)|
CRH1B/E/E–250: 16 cars per trainset (10M6T)
CRH380D: eight cars per trainset (4M4T)
|Capacity||CRH1A: 668 or 611 or 646 or 635|
CRH1E/E–250: 618 or 642
- CR Guangzhou
- CR Shanghai
- CR Nanchang
- CR Chengdu
|Line(s) served||Guangshen Railway,|
Hukun Railway, Jinghu Railway, Hainan Eastern Ring High-Speed Railway
|Car body construction||CRH1A/B/E: Stainless Steel|
CRH1A–A/E–250/380D: Aluminium Alloy
|Train length||CRH1A: 213.5 m (700 ft 6 in)|
CRH1A–A: 207.9 m (682 ft 1 in)
CRH1B: 426.3 m (1,398 ft 7 in)
CRH1E: 428.9 m (1,407 ft 2 in)
CRH1E–250: 413.1 m (1,355 ft 4 in)
CRH380D: 215.3 m (706 ft 4 in)
|Platform height||500–1,250 mm (1 ft 7.7 in–4 ft 1.2 in)|
|Maximum speed||CRH1A: 200 km/h (124 mph) or 250 km/h (155 mph)|
CRH1A–A/B/E/E–250: 250 km/h (155 mph)
CRH380D: 380 km/h (236 mph)
|Weight||CRH1A/A–A: 435 t (428 long tons; 480 short tons)|
CRH1B: 850 t (840 long tons; 940 short tons)
CRH1E/E–250: 890 t (880 long tons; 980 short tons)
CRH380D: 450 t (440 long tons; 500 short tons)
|Traction system||IGBT VVVF inverter control|
(Bombardier MITRAC 1000)
|Power output||CRH1A: 5.3 MW (7,100 hp)|
CRH1A–A: 5.5 MW (7,400 hp)
CRH1B/E/E–250: 11 MW (15,000 hp)
CRH380D: 10 MW (13,000 hp)
0.6 m/s2 (2.2 km/(h⋅s))
CRH380D: 0.48 m/s2 (1.7 km/(h⋅s))
|Deceleration||CRH1A: Emergency 1.2 m/s2 (4.3 km/(h⋅s)), General 0.8 m/s2 (2.9 km/(h⋅s))|
|Power supply||Overhead catenary|
|Electric system(s)||25 kV 50 Hz AC|
|Current collection method||Pantograph|
|Braking system(s)||Regenerative, electronically controlled pneumatic brakes|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
At the same time as ordering the Shinkansen-based CRH2A and the Pendolino-based CRH5A, the Chinese Ministry of Railways ordered Bombardier-based CRH1, specifically 20 CRH1A trainsets in June 2007 and an additional 20 CRH1A trains, each with eight cars that have total standard capacity of 670 people. The total value of the order is €560 million. In July 2010, a further 40 CRH1A eight-car trains were ordered.
Most CRH1 trains were allocated to Guangshen Railway for replacing all locomotive-hauled trains between Guangzhou and Shenzhen in Guangdong province. Some are also used on the Shanghai – Nanjing and Shanghai – Hangzhou lines.
Each CRH1A set consists of eight cars, the first batch (CRH1-001A~CRH1-040A) including two first class coaches (ZY), 5 second class coaches (ZE) and 1 second class coach/dining car (ZEC).the second batch (CRH1-081A~CRH1-120A) including two first class coaches (ZY), one first class/second class coaches (ZYE), four second class coaches (ZE) and 1 second class coach/dining car (ZEC). The potential maximum speed of CRH1A is 250 km/h (155 mph), but in fact the maximum speed of the initial 40 sets in operation is always restricted by the software of computer control system, so the maximum speed in service is 220 km/h (137 mph).
In July 2010, the Chinese MOR ordered additional 40 sets of CRH1A, The designed top operating speed increased to 250 km/h, On September 2010, during test run at Qinshen PDL, top speed of CRH1-081A reach 278 km/h (173 mph).,
In September 2012, The MOR issued a revision in the Zefiro contract, which calls for the order of an additional 106 eight car Zefiro 250 (46 sets) and Zefiro 250NG (60 sets) train sets in lieu of the cancellation of the 16 car Zefiro 380 sets. The NG variant is a new model, which will use new materials in order to achieve weight reductions and more efficient operation.
See Zefiro 250
On October 31, 2007, the Chinese MOR ordered 20 sets of CRH1B trains (CRH1-041B～CRH1-060B). CRH1B is a fleet-extended CRH1A. Each CRH1B consists of 16 cars, including three first class coaches (ZY), 12 second class coaches (ZE) and one dining car (CA). CRH1B, however, have not such restriction on the operational speed, the maximum speed is still 250 km/h (155 mph). CRH1B first come into commercial use on April, 2009, between Shanghai–Nanjing & Shanghai–Hangzhou.
On July 23, 2011, CRH1-046B was hit on ZY104600 car by CRH2-139E in Yongtaiwen PFL accident.
On October 31, 2007, the Chinese MOR ordered 20 sets of CRH1E trains (CRH1-061E～CRH1-080E). The CRH1E is the first high-speed 16-car sleeper train (10M6T) in the world which is based on Bombardier's ZEFIRO 250 km/h (155 mph) design. The train was designed by Bombardier and Zagato. Each train set from the first 12 trainsets consists of one luxury sleeper (WG), 12 soft sleepers (WR), two second class coaches (ZE) and one dining car (CA). The first CRH1E trainset delivered at October 2009, first come into service on November 4, 2009 between Beijing–Shanghai. In fact, only 15 CRH1Es were delivered, three of which having the luxury sleeper replaced with normal sleepers. The other five ended up being CRH1Bs, this time based on the CRH1E design (instead of CRH1A). Later on five additional CRH1Es (based on the CRH1A-A design) have also been manufactured and delivered.
The CRH380D is also derived from the Bombardier Zefiro family (Zefiro 380) of very high speed EMUs and are not direct derivatives of the Regina type trains from which the CRH1A and CRH1B classes are derived. Top speed is advertised at 380 km/h (236 mph). The eight-car version is designated CRH380D, series number CRH380D-1501 ～ CRH380D-1585. As of April 4, the first two sets have been delivered, with the first undergoing testing.
- M – Motor car
- T – Trailer car
- C – Driver cabin
- P – Pantograph
- ZY – First Class Coach
- ZE – Second Class Coach
- ZYE – First Class／Second Class Coach
- ZEC – Second Class Coach／Dining Car
- ZYT – First Class／Premier Coach
- ZET – Second Class／Premier Coach
- ZYS – First Class／Business Coach
- ZES – Second Class／Business Coach
- WR – Soft Sleeper Car
- WRC – Soft Sleeper / Dining Car
- WG – Luxury Sleeper Car
CRH1A / CRH1A–A
|Power Units||Unit 1||Unit 2||Unit 3|
|Power Units||Unit 1||Unit 2||Unit 3||Unit 4||Unit 5||Unit 6|
|Power Units||Unit 1||Unit 2||Unit 3||Unit 4||Unit 5||Unit 6|
As of April 2018, 260 CRH1 series EMU and 85 CRH380D series EMU are in service.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to China Railways CRH1.|
- Briginshaw, David (15 July 2015). "Latest Chinese high-speed train enters service". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- "Transportation documents" (PDF). www.bombardier.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-04-21. Retrieved 2016-02-29.
- "Sleeper EMU to be developed under co-operation deal". Railway Gazette International. 2007-08-01. Retrieved 2007-12-14.
- "China orders another 40 CRH1 high-speed trains - International Railway Journal". 2010-07-22. Retrieved 2010-07-22.
an additional 40 CRH 1 eight-car
- "High speed trainsets take shape". Railway Gazette International. 2005-08-01. Retrieved 2009-10-20.
- 2006年8月30日 BSP 第一列EMU 动车组出厂 Archived 2011-07-08 at the Wayback Machine
- "Successful completion of the type test for BST's first 250km/h 8-consist EMU". BST. 2010-11-10. Archived from the original on 2011-07-07.
- Ltd, DVV Media International. "Zefiro 250NG included in revised high speed train contract".
- The New High Speed Superpower www.eurotrib.com
- "YouTube". www.youtube.com.