China Railway CRH1

The CRH1 EMU, also known as Hexie (simplified Chinese: 和谐号; traditional Chinese: 和諧號; pinyin: Héxié Hào; literally: "Harmony") is a high-speed train operated by China Railway and built by a joint venture between Bombardier Transportation and Sifang at Bombardier Sifang Power Transportation factory in Qingdao, Shandong Province, People's Republic of China.

China Railways CRH1 EMU
CRH1 high-speed train
In serviceFebruary 1, 2007 – Present
ManufacturerBombardier Sifang (Qingdao) Transportation Ltd.
(Bombardier Transportation and CSR Sifang)
Family nameRegina
Number builtCRH1A: 128 trainsets (1024 cars)
CRH1A–A: 87 trainsets (696 cars)
CRH1B: 24 trainsets (384 cars)
CRH1E: 15 trainsets (240 cars)
CRH1E–250: 5 trainsets (80 cars)
CRH380D: 85 trainsets (680 cars)
FormationCRH1A/A–A: eight cars per trainset (5M3T)
CRH1B/E/E–250: 16 cars per trainset (10M6T)
CRH380D: eight cars per trainset (4M4T)
CapacityCRH1A: 668 or 611 or 646 or 635
CRH1A–A: 613
CRH1B: 1299
CRH1E/E–250: 618 or 642
CRH380D: 495
Operator(s)China Railway
- CR Guangzhou
- CR Shanghai
- CR Nanchang
- CR Chengdu
Line(s) servedGuangshen Railway,
Hukun Railway, Jinghu Railway, Hainan Eastern Ring High-Speed Railway
Specifications
Car body constructionCRH1A/B/E: Stainless Steel
CRH1A–A/E–250/380D: Aluminium Alloy
Train lengthCRH1A: 213.5 m (700 ft 6 in)
CRH1A–A: 207.9 m (682 ft 1 in)
CRH1B: 426.3 m (1,398 ft 7 in)
CRH1E: 428.9 m (1,407 ft 2 in)
CRH1E–250: 413.1 m (1,355 ft 4 in)
CRH380D: 215.3 m (706 ft 4 in)
Platform height500–1,250 mm (1 ft 7.7 in–4 ft 1.2 in)
Maximum speedCRH1A: 200 km/h (124 mph) or 250 km/h (155 mph)
CRH1A–A/B/E/E–250: 250 km/h (155 mph)
CRH380D: 380 km/h (236 mph)
WeightCRH1A/A–A: 435 t (428 long tons; 480 short tons)
CRH1B: 850 t (840 long tons; 940 short tons)
CRH1E/E–250: 890 t (880 long tons; 980 short tons)
CRH380D: 450 t (440 long tons; 500 short tons)
Traction systemIGBT VVVF inverter control
(Bombardier MITRAC 1000)[1][2]
Power outputCRH1A: 5.3 MW (7,100 hp)
CRH1A–A: 5.5 MW (7,400 hp)
CRH1B/E/E–250: 11 MW (15,000 hp)
CRH380D: 10 MW (13,000 hp)
TransmissionAC-DC-AC
AccelerationCRH1A/B/E: Maximum
0.6 m/s2 (2.2 km/(h⋅s))
CRH380D: 0.48 m/s2 (1.7 km/(h⋅s))
DecelerationCRH1A: Emergency 1.2 m/s2 (4.3 km/(h⋅s)), General 0.8 m/s2 (2.9 km/(h⋅s))
Power supplyOverhead catenary
Electric system(s)25 kV 50 Hz AC
Current collection methodPantograph
Braking system(s)Regenerative, electronically controlled pneumatic brakes
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge

At the same time as ordering the Shinkansen-based CRH2A and the Pendolino-based CRH5A, the Chinese Ministry of Railways ordered Bombardier-based CRH1, specifically 20 CRH1A trainsets in June 2007 and an additional 20 CRH1A trains, each with eight cars that have total standard capacity of 670 people. The total value of the order is €560 million.[3] In July 2010, a further 40 CRH1A eight-car trains were ordered.[4]

Most CRH1 trains were allocated to Guangshen Railway for replacing all locomotive-hauled trains between Guangzhou and Shenzhen in Guangdong province. Some are also used on the Shanghai – Nanjing and Shanghai – Hangzhou lines.

Design

CRH1A

CRH1A and CRH1B are based on Bombardier's Regina family.[5] The train was designed by Sifang and Bombardier jointly in Västerås, Sweden and originally named C2008.[3][5]

Each CRH1A set consists of eight cars, the first batch (CRH1-001A~CRH1-040A) including two first class coaches (ZY), 5 second class coaches (ZE) and 1 second class coach/dining car (ZEC).the second batch (CRH1-081A~CRH1-120A) including two first class coaches (ZY), one first class/second class coaches (ZYE), four second class coaches (ZE) and 1 second class coach/dining car (ZEC). The potential maximum speed of CRH1A is 250 km/h (155 mph), but in fact the maximum speed of the initial 40 sets in operation is always restricted by the software of computer control system, so the maximum speed in service is 220 km/h (137 mph).

The first units (CRH1-001A) were delivered on August 30, 2006,[6] the CRH1A sets started service from February 1, 2007 at the Guangzhou -Shenzhen Railway.

In July 2010, the Chinese MOR ordered additional 40 sets of CRH1A, The designed top operating speed increased to 250 km/h, On September 2010, during test run at Qinshen PDL, top speed of CRH1-081A reach 278 km/h (173 mph).,[7]

In September 2012, The MOR issued a revision in the Zefiro contract, which calls for the order of an additional 106 eight car Zefiro 250 (46 sets) and Zefiro 250NG (60 sets) train sets in lieu of the cancellation of the 16 car Zefiro 380 sets. The NG variant is a new model, which will use new materials in order to achieve weight reductions and more efficient operation.[8]


CRH1A-A

See Zefiro 250

CRH1B

On October 31, 2007, the Chinese MOR ordered 20 sets of CRH1B trains (CRH1-041B~CRH1-060B). CRH1B is a fleet-extended CRH1A. Each CRH1B consists of 16 cars, including three first class coaches (ZY), 12 second class coaches (ZE) and one dining car (CA). CRH1B, however, have not such restriction on the operational speed, the maximum speed is still 250 km/h (155 mph). CRH1B first come into commercial use on April, 2009, between Shanghai–Nanjing & Shanghai–Hangzhou.

On July 23, 2011, CRH1-046B was hit on ZY104600 car by CRH2-139E in Yongtaiwen PFL accident.

CRH1E

On October 31, 2007, the Chinese MOR ordered 20 sets of CRH1E trains (CRH1-061E~CRH1-080E). The CRH1E is the first high-speed 16-car sleeper train (10M6T) in the world which is based on Bombardier's ZEFIRO 250 km/h (155 mph) design. The train was designed by Bombardier and Zagato. Each train set from the first 12 trainsets consists of one luxury sleeper (WG), 12 soft sleepers (WR), two second class coaches (ZE) and one dining car (CA). The first CRH1E trainset delivered at October 2009, first come into service on November 4, 2009 between Beijing–Shanghai. In fact, only 15 CRH1Es were delivered, three of which having the luxury sleeper replaced with normal sleepers. The other five ended up being CRH1Bs, this time based on the CRH1E design (instead of CRH1A). Later on five additional CRH1Es (based on the CRH1A-A design) have also been manufactured and delivered.

CRH380D

The CRH380D is also derived from the Bombardier Zefiro family (Zefiro 380) of very high speed EMUs and are not direct derivatives of the Regina type trains from which the CRH1A and CRH1B classes are derived.[9] Top speed is advertised at 380 km/h (236 mph). The eight-car version is designated CRH380D, series number CRH380D-1501 ~ CRH380D-1585.[8] As of April 4, the first two sets have been delivered, with the first undergoing testing.[10]

Formation

Power Destination

  • M – Motor car
  • T – Trailer car
  • C – Driver cabin
  • P – Pantograph

Coach Type

  • ZY – First Class Coach
  • ZE – Second Class Coach
  • ZYE – First Class/Second Class Coach
  • ZEC – Second Class Coach/Dining Car
  • ZYT – First Class/Premier Coach
  • ZET – Second Class/Premier Coach
  • ZYS – First Class/Business Coach
  • ZES – Second Class/Business Coach
  • WR – Soft Sleeper Car
  • WRC – Soft Sleeper / Dining Car
  • WG – Luxury Sleeper Car

CRH1A / CRH1A–A

Coach No. 12345678
Type123 ZY ZE ZEC ZE ZY
Type4 ZY ZE ZEC ZYE ZE ZY
Type56 ZY ZE ZEC ZE ZY
Type7 (CRH1A–A) ZY ZE ZEC ZE
Power Configuration MC TP M T M TP MC
Power Units Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3
Capacity1 72 101 101 101 19(+24) 101 101 72
Capacity2 64 92 92 92 23(+24) 92 92 64
Capacity3 72 101 101 101 19(+30) 101 101 72
Capacity4 64 92 92 58(+14) 77 92 92 64
Capacity5 64 92 92 58(+14) 92 92 92 64
Capacity6 64 91 91 58(+14) 91 85 91 64
Capacity7 (CRH1A–A) 48 90 90 77 63 90 90 65
  • ^1 Set Nº. 1001~1021
  • ^2 Set Nº. 1022~1040
  • ^3 Set Nº. 1167, 1168
  • ^4 Set Nº. 1086~1090, 1094~1104, 1106~1109, 1117~1119
  • ^5 Set Nº. 1081~1085, 1091~1093, 1105, 1110~1116, 1120
  • ^6 Set Nº. 1121~1166
  • ^7 Set Nº. 1169~1228, 1234~1260

CRH1B

Coach No. 12345678910111213141516
Type ZE ZEC ZE ZY
Power Configuration MC TP M TP M T M T M TP M TP MC
Power Units Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Unit 6
Capacity1 79 92 92 92 92 92 92 92 (56) 92 92 92 92 72 72 64
Capacity2 68 93 93 93 93 93 93 93 (58) 93 93 93 93 79 75 54
  • ^1 Set Nº. 1041~1060
  • ^2 Set Nº. 1076~1080

CRH1E

Coach No. 12345678910111213141516
Type1 ZE WR ZEC WG WR ZE
Type2 ZE WR ZEC WR ZE
Type 3 ZE WR WRC WR ZE
Power Configuration MC TP M TP M T M T M TP M TP MC
Power Units Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Unit 6
Capacity1 61 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 (58) 16 40 40 40 40 40 61
Capacity2 61 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 (58) 40 40 40 40 40 40 61
Capacity3 55 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 12 40 40 40 40 40 40 55
  • ^1 Set Nº. 1061~1072
  • ^2 Set Nº. 1073~1075
  • ^3 Set Nº. 1229~1233 (This model is based on the CRH1A-A and sometimes informally called "CRH1E-NG" or "CRH1E-250".)

CRH380D

Coach No. 12345678
Type1 ZYT ZE ZEC ZE ZET
Type2 ZYS ZE ZEC ZE ZES
Power Configuration MC TP M T M TP MC
Power Units Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3
Capacity1 32+6 84 84 45+14 84 81 84 50+6
Capacity2 28+5 85 85 75 63 85 85 40+5
  • ^1 Set Nº. 1501~1510
  • ^2 Set Nº. 1511~1585

Distribution

As of April 2018, 260 CRH1 series EMU and 85 CRH380D series EMU are in service.

Operator Quantity Serial number Depot Lines serving Notes
CRH1A
Guangzhou Railway Group221001~1020、1167、1168Guangzhou EastGuangzhou–Shenzhen RailwayGuangzhou–Zhuhai Intercity Railway
311086~1090、1094~1104、1106~1109、1117~1119、

1123、1124、1141~1143、1154、1165、1166

Shenzhen NorthHangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway
Nanchang Railway Bureau 18 1121、1122、1125~1140 Fuzhou Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed RailwayLongyan–Xiamen RailwayXiangtang–Putian Railway
171147~1153、1155~1164Fuzhou SouthHangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed RailwayLongyan–Xiamen RailwayXiangtang–Putian Railway
171081~1085、1091~1093、1105、1110~1116、1120Xiamen NorthHangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed RailwayLongyan–Xiamen RailwayXiangtang–Putian Railway
Chengdu Railway Bureau231021~1040、1144~1146Chengdu EastChengdu–Dujiangyan Intercity RailwayDazhou–Chengdu RailwayShanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu High-Speed RailwayChongqing–Lanzhou Railway
CRH1A-A
Guangzhou Railway Group41169、1234~1236Guangzhou EastGuangzhou–Shenzhen Railway
91170~1176、1217、1218Shenzhen NorthHangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway
161177、1179~1181、1183、1184、1209~1216、1248、1250SanyaHainan Eastern Ring High-Speed RailwayHainan Western Ring High-Speed Railway
341178、1182、1219~1228、1237~1247、1249、1251~1260FoshanGuiyang–Guangzhou High-Speed RailwayNanning–Guangzhou High-Speed RailwayChongqing–Guiyang high-speed railwayShanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu high-speed railwayChengdu–Chongqing intercity railway
Nanchang Railway Bureau241185~1208Fuzhou SouthHangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed RailwayLongyan–Xiamen RailwayHefei–Fuzhou High-Speed Railway
CRH1B
Shanghai Railway Bureau131052~1059、1076~1080NanxiangShanghai–Hangzhou High-Speed RailwayHangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed RailwayShanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu High-Speed Railway
111041~1045、1047~1051、1060HangzhouNanjing–Hangzhou High-Speed RailwayShanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu High-Speed RailwayShanghai–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway, Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway
China Railway11046RetiredWritten off after Wenzhou train collision, Cars 1-12 are used as a training train whereas Cars 13-16 were scrapped due to derailment.
CRH1E
Shanghai Railway Bureau201061~1075、1229~1233NanxiangShanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu High-Speed RailwayShanghai–Hangzhou High-Speed RailwayHangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed RailwayGuangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail LinkNanning–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway
CRH380D
Chengdu Railway Bureau 13 1538~1545、1550、1552、1553、1555、1557 Chongqing North Chengdu–Chongqing Intercity Railway
231546~1549、1554、1556、1558~1560、
1563、1564、1567、1568、1571、1572、1578~1584
Chengdu EastChengdu–Chongqing Intercity Railway
31537、1551、1559Guiyang NorthChengdu–Chongqing Intercity Railway、Chongqing–Guiyang high-speed railwayShanghai–Kunming High-Speed Railway
Shanghai Railway Bureau481501~1536、1561、1562、1565、
1566、1569、1570、1573~1577、1585
Shanghai NanxiangNanjing–Hangzhou High-Speed RailwayShanghai–Nanjing Intercity RailwayHangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed RailwayShanghai–Kunming High-Speed Railway

See also

References

  1. Briginshaw, David (15 July 2015). "Latest Chinese high-speed train enters service". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  2. "Transportation documents" (PDF). www.bombardier.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-04-21. Retrieved 2016-02-29.
  3. "Sleeper EMU to be developed under co-operation deal". Railway Gazette International. 2007-08-01. Retrieved 2007-12-14.
  4. "China orders another 40 CRH1 high-speed trains - International Railway Journal". 2010-07-22. Retrieved 2010-07-22. an additional 40 CRH 1 eight-car
  5. "High speed trainsets take shape". Railway Gazette International. 2005-08-01. Retrieved 2009-10-20.
  6. 2006年8月30日 BSP 第一列EMU 动车组出厂 Archived 2011-07-08 at the Wayback Machine
  7. "Successful completion of the type test for BST's first 250km/h 8-consist EMU". BST. 2010-11-10. Archived from the original on 2011-07-07.
  8. Ltd, DVV Media International. "Zefiro 250NG included in revised high speed train contract".
  9. The New High Speed Superpower www.eurotrib.com
  10. "YouTube". www.youtube.com.
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