China National Radio

China National Radio (CNR; Chinese: 中央人民广播电台; pronunciation: [ʈʂʊ́ŋ.jáŋ ɻə̌n.mǐn kwàŋ.pwó tjɛ̂n.tʰǎi]) is the national radio station of China, headquartered in Beijing.

China National Radio
First air date
30 December 1940
HeadquartersBeijing, China
Broadcast area
OwnerChina Media Group
Launch date
5 December 1949 (1949-12-05)
Former names
  • Yan'an Xinhua Broadcasting Station
  • Shanbei Xinhua Broadcasting Station
  • Peiping Xinhua Broadcasting Station
  • Peking Xinhua Broadcasting Station
  • Central People's Broadcasting Station
Terrestrial radio channels
Digital radio channels
Digital TV channels
CallsignsVoice of China (external)
Official website
China National Radio
Simplified Chinese中央人民广播电台
Traditional Chinese中央人民廣播電台
Literal meaningCentral People's Broadcasting Station
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of


The infrastructure began with a transmitter from Moscow to set up its first station in Yan'an (延安). It used the call sign XNCR ("New China Radio") for broadcasts, and is the first radio station set up by the Communist Party of China in 1940.[1]

In the west, it was known as the Yan'an New China Radio Station (延安新华广播电台) broadcasting two hours daily.[1] In China, it was called the Yan'an Xinhua Broadcasting Station, which was established on December 30, 1940.[2]

On March 25, 1949, it was renamed Shanbei Xinhua Broadcasting Station (陕北新华广播电台) after it departed from Yan'an. It began to broadcast in Peiping under the name of Peiping Xinhua Broadcasting Station (北平新华广播电台). On December 5, 1949, it was officially named to Central People's Broadcasting Station, two months after the establishment of the People's Republic of China. The station offered 15.5 hours of service daily.[1]

Mao Zedong emphasized that all citizens should listen to the station on May 5, 1941. The "Central Press and Broadcasting Bureau" was the driver in pushing all schools, army units, and public organizations of all levels to install loud public speakers and radio reception base.[1] By the 1960s, 70 million speakers were installed reaching the rural population of 400 million.[1]

Central People's Broadcasting Station innovated wired transmissions, which were linked to the commonly found telephone poles hanging with loud speakers. It was part of Mao's ideology of delivering "Politics on Demand". The station served as the headquarters for propaganda during the Cultural Revolution.[1]

The station was later renamed China National Radio as its English name.[2] It would move to a new building in 1998.

Today, CNR forms the national radio service of the state-owned China Media Group, continuing its mission to broadcast a variety of radio programmes to listerners all over China and around the world.


CNR currently has seventeen channels, with 198 hours of daily broadcasting through satellite. Channel one mainly broadcasts news in Mandarin to a national audience. Channel two, Business Radio, broadcasts economic, scientific and technological information and service programs in Mandarin throughout China. Channel three, Music Radio, is an FM stereo music channel. Channel four, Metro Radio, provides life programs exclusively to the listeners in Beijing. Channel five and Channel six, Cross-straits Radio, broadcast programs for the listeners in Taiwan. Channel seven, Huaxia Radio, broadcasts programs for the listeners in Hong Kong, Macau and the Pearl River Delta. Channel eight, Nationality Radio, broadcasts programs for the minority ethnic groups in Mongolian, Tibetan, Uighur, Kazak and Korean. Channel nine, Story Radio, broadcasts entertainment programs, including comic crosstalk and storytelling series programs, etc. After the recent reform, CNR's programming and production processes are increasingly specified, targeted and personalized. CNR has 40 correspondent branches in major cities including Hong Kong and Macau, and dispatched correspondents in Taiwan.


Radio stations

News Radio
(Literally: Voice of China)
中国之声 [ʈʂʊ́ŋ.kwǒ.ʈʂɻ̩̀.ʂə̀ŋ]
The flagship radio station of CNR
Mainly news and commentaries, 24 hours a day
Major programmes: News and newspapers Summary (新闻和报纸摘要), National Network News (全国新闻联播), CNR News (央广新闻)
on AM 540, 639, 945, 981, 1035, 1053, 1116 etc., on SW 4750, 4800, 5945, 6030, 7230, 9455, 11710, 13610, 15380, 17580 etc., and on FM 106.1 in Beijing, FM 99.0 in Shanghai, FM 89.3 in Guangzhou, FM 95.8 in Shenzhen (Frequencies on FM may vary in different cities)
Business Radio
经济之声 [tɕíŋ.tɕî.ʈʂɻ̩̀.ʂə̀ŋ]
A national service, mainly business news, 24 hours a dayon AM 630, 720, 855, on SW 6175, 7245, 9620, 11665 etc., and on FM 96.6 in Beijing (Frequencies on FM may vary in different cities)
Music Radio
音乐之声 [ín.ɥê.ʈʂɻ̩́.ʂə́ŋ]
Broadcasting Chinese and world pop music on FM in many main cities in China, broadcasting during GMT+8 6-24on FM 90.0 in Beijing, FM107.8 in Dalian, FM104.9 in Shenzhen (Frequencies on FM may vary in different cities)
Golden Radio
Previously known as Metro Radio (都市之声)
Broadcasting in Beijing only, mainly classic music, broadcasting during GMT+8 5-1
on FM 101.8 in Beijing
Zhonghua News Radio
(Literally: Voice of the Chinese)
The first Taiwan service, broadcasting in Mandarin, mainly news, entertainment, talk, broadcasting during GMT+8 5-1on MW 549, 765, 837, 1116 and SW 5925, 7620, 9685, 11620, 11935 in Taiwan Area, on FM 102.3 in Fuzhou, Putian, eastern coastal areas of Quanzhou and Matsu, and on FM94.9 in Xiamen, Zhangzhou, south part of Quanzhou and Kinmen
Shenzhou Easy Radio (Literally: Sound of the Divine Land)
The second Taiwan service, broadcasting in dialects including Amoy, Hakka and entertainment in Mandarin, broadcasting during GMT+8 6-24on AM 684, 909, 1089 and SW 6165, 9170, 11905, 15710 in Taiwan Area,on FM 106.2 in Fuzhou, Putian, eastern coastal areas of Quanzhou and Matsu, and on FM107.9 in Xiamen, Zhangzhou, south part of Quanzhou and Kinmen
Radio The Greater Bay
The Zhujiang delta, Hong Kong and Macao Service, broadcasting in Mandarin, Cantonese, Teochew, Hakka, Shanghainese and Amoy, broadcasting during GMT+8 5-2on FM101.2 and AM1215 in Zhongshan, Zhuhai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Hong Kong and Macau
Ethnic Minority Radio
The Minorities Service, including Korean and Mongolian service.CNR's minorities service (including Uygur,Tibetan and Kazakh service below) transmitted on AM and FM in radio stations of minority ethnics' areas, such as Jilin, Xinjiang, Tibet, Inner Mongolia, Qinghai, Gansu, Sichuan, Yunnan etc.

Other languages on AM 1143 in Beijing, broadcasting during GMT+8 5-23 Mongolian at 5-14;Korean at 14-23 (All above are Beijing Time)

Story Radio
Broadcasting in Beijing only, all literature and entertainment programmes, broadcasting during GMT+8 5-2on FM 106.6 in Beijing
Senior Citizen Radio
CNR 10
Broadcasting in Beijing only, for the elderly, including entertainment, health programmes etc., broadcasting during GMT+8 4:00-1:30on AM 1053 in Beijing
Tibetan Radio
CNR 11
Tibetan service, broadcasting during GMT+8 6-24on AM 1098 and SW 6010,7350,7360,9480,9530,11685,15570
Happy Radio
CNR 12
Broadcasting in Beijing only, mainly entertainment, broadcasting during GMT+8 6-2on AM 747 in Beijing
Uygur Radio
CNR 13
Uygur serviceon AM 1098 in Beijing
Hong Kong Edition
CNR 14
Broadcasting in Hong Kong only,in Mandarin and Cantonese, 24 hours a dayon AM 675 (relayed by RTHK) and FM 87.8 in Hong Kong and Shenzhen
Highway Radio
CNR 15
Broadcasting nationwide on highways, offering highway informationon FM 99.6 in Beijing, Tianjin, FM 101.2 in Hebei and FM 90.5 in Hunan
Countryside Radio
CNR 16
Broadcasting agricultural programmeson AM 720 in Beijing
Kazakh Radio
CNR 17
Kazakh serviceon SW 6180,9630,11630,12055

TV channels

  • CNR Care: Mainly Healthy Information
  • CNR Mall: TV Shopping Channel - a joint venture with QVC.[3]

See also


1.^ Not the callsign of China Media Group's international service.


  1. Miller, Toby (2003). Television: Critical Concepts in Media and Cultural Studies. Routledge Publishing. ISBN 0-415-25502-3
  2. CNR website. "CNR website." CNR introduction. Retrieved on 2007-04-29.
  3. QVC Announces China Joint Venture, QVC news release via PR Newswire, Cleveland, OH, 20 March 2012. Retrieved: 11 August 2014.
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