Chief of the Royal Danish Army

The Chief of the Army Command, is the top most authority in the Royal Danish Army. It can trace its history back to the creation of the General Staff, in 1808. The current chief of the army, Major general Hans-Christian Mathiesen, has been temporarily suspended following claims of nepotism.[1] On 31 January 2019, the Judge Advocate Corps announced that they decided to charge Mathiesen for misuse of services and gross dereliction of duty.[2]

Chief of the Army Command
Chef for Hærkommandoen
Incumbent
Michael Lollesgaard

since 1 September 2019
 Royal Danish Army
Member ofDefence Command of Denmark
Reports to Chief of Defence
Term lengthNo fixed length
PrecursorChief of the Army Operational Command
Formation20 January 1808 (historical)
1 October 2014 (current)
First holderFrantz Bülow as Chief of the General staff
DeputyDeputy Chief of the Army Command
WebsiteOfficial Website

History

The General Staff was established, during the English Wars on 20 January 1808, as the General Adjutant and General Quartermaster Staff.[3] Following the dismissal of Frantz Bülow, the staff was split into two sperate staffs.[4] In 1856, the General Staff's Topographical Department was subjugated to the Ministry of Finance. However, all communication still had to go through the Chief of the General Staff. This created unnecessary bureaucracy, leading to the removal of the position of the Chief of the General Staff.[5]

With the outbreak of the Second Schleswig War, command of the army was given to the Supreme General. Following the end of the war, the position of Chief of the General Staff, was re-established. In 1922, the General Staff was changed to the General Command.[6] With the creation of the Defence Staff and Chief of Defence, the General Command was replaced by the Army Command.[7] After the Army Command was subjugated to the Defence Command in 1976, the Army Command changed name to the Army Staff.[8] In 1982, the title of Chief of the Army was changed to become Inspector of the Army.[9] Following the 1988 Defence Commission, it was decided that the Army Staff and the positions of Inspector would be removed and then create the Army Operational Command.[10][11] Following the Danish Defence Agreement 2013–17, the Army Operational Command was disbanded and reorganised into the Army Staff. As part of the Danish Defence Agreement 2018–23, the Danish name was changed Army Command.[12]

List of chiefs

Chief of the General Staff (1808–1922)

No. Portrait Chief of the General staffTook officeLeft officeTime in officeRef
1
Bülow, FrantzLieutenant general
Frantz Bülow
(1769–1844)
as Chief of the General Staff and Adjudicts Staff
20 January 180830 December 183931 years[3]
2
Steinmann, PeterLieutenant general
Pierre-Frédéric Steinmann
(1782–1854)
30 December 1839January 185212 years[5]
3
Flensborg, CarlMajor general
Carl Julius Flensborg
(1804–1852)
January 185223 July 1852 0 years[13]
4
?23 July 185218541–2 years.
5
Baggesen, AugustMajor general
August Baggesen
(1795–1865)
1854June 18583–4 years[14]
Position of Chief of the General staff abolished
1858 - 1867[lower-alpha 1][4]
-
de Meza, ChristianChristian de Meza
(1792–1865)
as Supreme General
24 December 18635 February 186443 days[15]
-
Lüttichau, MathiasMathias Lüttichau
(1795–1870)
Acting
as Supreme General
5 February 186428 February 186423 days[16]
-
Gerlach, GeorgGeorg Gerlach
(1797–1865)
as Supreme General
29 February 18643 July 1864125 days[17]
-
Steinmann, PeterPeter Frederik Steinmann
(1812–1894)
as Supreme General
4 July 18641 November 1864150 days[18]
-
Kauffmann, HeinrichHeinrich Kauffmann
(1819–1905)
Acting
December 186418650–1 years[19]
-
Stiernholm, FrederikFrederik Stiernholm
(1822–1879)
Acting
186518671–2 years[20]
6
Stiernholm, FrederikGeneral
Frederik Stiernholm
(1822–1879)
1867187911–12 years[20]
7
Fog, LudolphGeneral
Ludolph Fog
(1825–1897)
187918877–8 years[21]
8
Schroll, Johannes ZeuthenMajor general
Johannes Zeuthen Schroll
(1831–1916)
188718968–9 years[22]
9
Hedemann, MariusLieutenant general
Marius Hedemann
(1836–1903)
189619014–5 years[23]
10
Zachariae, GeorgMajor general
Georg Zachariae
(1835–1907)
190119031–2 years[24]
11
Kühnel, ArnoldMajor general
Arnold Kühnel
(1850–1908)
190319051–2 years[25]
12
Gørtz, VilhelmMajor general
Vilhelm Gørtz
(1852–1939)
190519093–4 years[26]
13
Hansen, AndersMajor general
Anders Ludvig Hansen
(1856–1920)
190919122–3 years[27]
14
Berthelsen, PalleMajor general
Palle Berthelsen
(1857–1920)
191219174–5 years[28]
15
Wolff, EllisMajor general
Ellis Wolff
(1856–1938)
191719180–1 years[29]
16
Major general
Edgar Castonier
(1866–1934)
191819190–1 years.
17
?191919222–3 years.

Chief of the General Command (1922–1950)

No. Portrait Chief of the General CommandTook officeLeft officeTime in officeRef
1
Birke, PeterLieutenant general
Peter Laurids Martin Birke
(1865–1941)
7 August 1922October 19264 years, 1 month[30]
2
Nyholm, AndersLieutenant general
Anders Gjedde Nyholm
(1861–1939)
October 192631 July 19314 years, 9 months.
3
With, ErikLieutenant general
Erik With
(1869–1959)
August 1931November 19398 years, 3 months[31]
4
Prior, WilliamLieutenant general
William Wain Prior
(1876–1946)
1 December 19391 October 19411 year, 10 months[32]
5
Gørtz, EbbeLieutenant general
Ebbe Gørtz
(1886–1976)
1 October 194130 September 19508 years, 11 months[33]

Chief of the Army Command (1950–1970)

No. Portrait Chief of the Army CommandTook officeLeft officeTime in officeRef
1
Gørtz, EbbeLieutenant general
Ebbe Gørtz
(1886–1976)
1 October 19503 July 19519 months[33]
2
Møller, ErikLieutenant general
Erik C.V. Møller
(1896–1972)
July 195119575–6 years[34]
3
Hjalf, ViggoLieutenant general
Viggo Hjalf
(1900–1985)
195719602–3 years[35]
4
Jacobsen, ValdemarLieutenant general
Valdemar Jacobsen
(1902–1987)
196019676–7 years[36]
5
Blixenkrone-Møller, OttoLieutenant general
Otto Blixenkrone-Møller
(1912–2006)
196731 December 19691–2 years[37]

Chief of the Army Staff (1970–1990)

No. Portrait NameTook officeLeft officeTime in officeRef
Chief of the Army
1
Blixenkrone-Møller, OttoLieutenant general
Otto Blixenkrone-Møller
(1912–2006)
1 January 197030 November 19722 years[37]
2
Vegger, ChristianMajor general
Christian Vegger
(1915–1992)
1 December 197219763–4 years[38]
3
Boysen, HaraldMajor general
Harald Martin Hermann Boysen
(born 1922)
197626 May 19825–6 years[39]
Inspector of the Army
1
Boysen, HaraldMajor general
Harald Martin Hermann Boysen
(born 1922)
26 May 198219874–5 years[39]
2
Essemann, J.Major general
J. C. Essemann
198719902–3 years[40]
3
Hillingsø, KjeldMajor general
Kjeld Hillingsø
(born 1935)
199031 December 19900 years[41]

Chief of the Army Operational Command (1991–2014)

No. Portrait Chief of the Army Operational CommandTook officeLeft officeTime in officeRef
1
Hillingsø, KjeldMajor general
Kjeld Hillingsø
(born 1935)
1 January 199119931–2 years[41]
2
Kandborg, Ole LarsenMajor general
Ole Larsen Kandborg
(born 1941)
199319973–4 years[42]
3
Grüner, GustavMajor general
Gustav Grüner
199719980–1 years[43]
4
Helsø, Hans JesperMajor general
Hans Jesper Helsø
(born 1948)
199820001–2 years[44]
5
Scharling, JanMajor general
Jan Scharling
(born 1946)
200020021–2 years[44]
6
Kiærskou, PoulMajor general
Poul Kiærskou
(born 1954)
200220098–9 years[45][46]
7
Bundsgaard, Niels HenrikMajor general
Niels Henrik Bundsgaard
(born 1957)
200931 June 20100–1 years[47]
8
Rokos, AgnerMajor general
Agner Rokos
(born 1958)
1 July 201031 March 20132 years, 273 days[48]
9
Ludvigsen, PerMajor general
Per Ludvigsen
(born 1957)
1 April 20131 october 20141 year, 183 days[49]

Chief of the Army Staff (2014–2018)

No. Portrait Chief of the Army StaffTook officeLeft officeTime in officeRef
1
Mathiesen, Hans-ChristianMajor general
Hans-Christian Mathiesen
(born 1965)
1 October 201424 October 20184 years, 23 days[50][1][51]
-
Christensen, Keld RobertColonel
Keld Robert Christensen
(born 1963)
Acting
24 October 201831 December 201868 days[1][52]

Chief of the Army Command (2019–present)

No. Portrait Chief of the Army CommandTook officeLeft officeTime in officeRef
-
Christensen, Keld RobertColonel
Keld Robert Christensen
(born 1963)
Acting
1 January 201931 January 201930 days[1][53]
-
Pedersen, KennethMajor general
Kenneth Pedersen
(born 1968)
Acting
31 January 20191 September 2019213 days[2]
1
Lollesgaard, MichaelMajor general
Michael Lollesgaard
(born 1960)
1 September 2019Incumbent100 days[54]

See also

Notes

  1. During the Second Schleswig War, command of the army was given to the Supreme General

References

  1. "Redegørelse vedrørende inhabilitet". forsvaret.dk (in Danish). Værnsfælles Forsvarskommando. 24 October 2018. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  2. Forsvarskommandoen (31 January 2019). "Ny midlertidig chef for Hærkommandoen". forsvaret.dk (in Danish). Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  3. Hedegaard, E. O. A. (1 May 1976). "Ballonkrigen over Øresund 1809". Krigsvidenskab.dk (in Danish). Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  4. "Hærordning 1816 - 1842". Arma-Dania.dk (in Danish). 2014. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
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