Chief of the National Guard Bureau
|Chief of the National Guard Bureau|
Seal of the National Guard Bureau
Flag of the Chief
|National Guard Bureau|
|Member of||Joint Chiefs of Staff|
|Reports to||Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff|
|Formation||14 February 1908|
|First holder||COL Erasmus M. Weaver Jr.|
|Deputy||Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau|
The Chief of the National Guard Bureau is a federally recognized commissioned officer who has served at least 10 years of federally recognized active duty in any of the Reserves of the Army or Air Force, either from the United States Army Reserve, the Army National Guard of the United States, the United States Air Force Reserve or the Air National Guard of the United States. The Chief is nominated for appointment by the President from any eligible National Guard officers holding the rank of major general or above, who also meets the requirements for the position as determined by defense secretary and the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, under the advice and/or recommendation from their respective state governors and their service secretary. The nominee must be confirmed via majority vote from the Senate. The Chief serves a four-year term of office at the pleasure of the President. By statute, the Chief is appointed as a four-star general in the Army or Air Force, serving as a reserve officer on active duty.
In 1908, the United States Army created the Militia Bureau to oversee training and readiness for the National Guard as part of implementing the Militia Act of 1903. From 1908 to 1911, Erasmus M. Weaver Jr. served as head of the Army's Militia Bureau, the first person to hold the position. The National Defense Act of 1920 included a provision that the Chief of the Militia Bureau be a National Guard officer. In 1921 Pennsylvania National Guard officer George C. Rickards became the first Guardsman to serve as Chief, and he held the post until his 1925 retirement.
In September 1947, the Air National Guard was created, and the positions of Chief the Army Division Chief and Chief of the Air Division were established, with the directors subordinate to the NGB Chief. In 1953, Air National Guard Director Earl T. Ricks served as acting Chief of the National Guard Bureau, making him the first Air Guard officer to hold the chief's position. In the mid-1970s, the Chief of the National Guard Bureau position was upgraded from major general to lieutenant general, and La Vern E. Weber became the first NGB chief to wear three stars.
In 2009, the Chief of the National Guard Bureau Craig McKinley was granted the rank of full general, the first bureau chief to hold that rank. The position also became the seventh member of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff in 2012 with third expansion of the Joint Chiefs in the 2012 defense bill signed on 31 December 2011. McKinley was also bureau chief at that time. The sitting Joint Chiefs had opposed the addition of another member, but President Obama promised in his 2008 campaign to do so.
On 30 June 2016, Lieutenant General Joseph L. Lengyel, the Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau, was confirmed by the United States Senate for appointment as CNGB and promotion to General. He was promoted and completed a transfer of authority ceremony with his predecessor on 2 August.
List of chiefs of the National Guard Bureau
|1||COL Erasmus M. Weaver, Jr.||USA||14 February 1908||14 March 1911|
|2||BG Robert K. Evans||USA||15 March 1911||31 August 1912|
|3||MG Albert L. Mills||USA||1 September 1912||18 September 1916|
|(Acting)||COL George W. McIver||USA||18 September 1916||26 October 1916|
|4||MG William A. Mann||USA||26 October 1916||26 November 1917|
|5||MG Jesse McI. Carter||USA||26 November 1917||15 August 1918|
|(Acting)||BG John W. Heavey||USA||15 August 1918||5 February 1919|
|5||MG Jesse McI. Carter||USA||5 February 1919||28 June 1921|
|6||MG George C. Rickards||USA||29 June 1921||28 June 1925|
|7||MG Creed C. Hammond||USA||29 June 1925||28 June 1929|
|(Acting)||COL Ernest R. Redmond||USA||29 June 1929||30 September 1929|
|8||MG William G. Everson||USA||1 October 1929||30 November 1931|
|9||MG George E. Leach||USA||1 December 1931||30 November 1935|
|(Acting)||COL Herold J. Weiler||USA||1 December 1935||16 January 1936|
|(Acting)||COL John F. Williams||USA||17 January 1936||30 January 1936|
|10||MG Albert H. Blanding||USA||31 January 1936||30 January 1940|
|11||MG John F. Williams||USA||31 January 1940||30 January 1944|
|(Acting)||MG John F. Williams||USA||31 January 1944||31 January 1946|
|12||MG Butler B. Miltonberger||USA||1 February 1946||29 September 1947|
|13||MG Kenneth F. Cramer||USA||30 September 1947||4 September 1950|
|(Acting)||MG Raymond H. Fleming||USA||5 September 1950||13 August 1951|
|14||MG Raymond H. Fleming||USA||14 August 1951||15 February 1953|
|(Acting)||Maj Gen Earl T. Ricks||USAF||16 February 1953||21 June 1953|
|15||MG Edgar C. Erickson||USA||22 June 1953||31 May 1959|
|(Acting)||Maj Gen Winston P. Wilson||USAF||1 June 1959||19 July 1959|
|16||MG Donald W. McGowan||USA||20 July 1959||30 August 1963|
|17||Maj Gen Winston P. Wilson||USAF||31 August 1963||31 August 1971|
|18||MG Francis S. Greenlief||USA||1 September 1971||23 June 1974|
|19||LTG La Vern E. Weber||USA||16 August 1974||15 August 1982|
|20||LTG Emmett H. Walker, Jr.||USA||16 August 1982||15 August 1986|
|21||LTG Herbert R. Temple, Jr.||USA||16 August 1986||31 January 1990|
|22||Lt Gen John B. Conaway||USAF||1 February 1990||1 December 1993|
|(Acting)||Maj Gen Philip G. Killey||USAF||2 December 1993||1 January 1994|
|(Acting)||MG Raymond F. Rees||USA||2 January 1994||31 July 1994|
|(Acting)||MG John R. D'Araujo, Jr.||USA||1 August 1994||30 September 1994|
|23||LTG Edward D. Baca||USA||1 October 1994||31 July 1998|
|24||Lt Gen Russell C. Davis||USAF||4 August 1998||3 August 2002|
|(Acting)||MG Raymond F. Rees||USA||4 August 2002||10 April 2003|
|25||LTG H Steven Blum||USA||11 April 2003||17 November 2008|
|26||Gen Craig R. McKinley||USAF||17 November 2008||6 September 2012|
|27||GEN Frank J. Grass||USA||7 September 2012||3 August 2016|
|28||Gen Joseph L. Lengyel||USAF||3 August 2016||Present|
This positional flag for the Chief of the National Guard Bureau was used from 1998 to 2008. The dark blue represented the Army National Guard, the light blue represented the Air National Guard. The badge in the center is the branch insignia of the National Guard Bureau. The two triangles in the upper fly are "flight devices" and represent the Air National Guard.
The version of the flag which appears in the information box at the top of the page was adopted in 2008 when the position of Chief of the National Guard Bureau was upgraded to full General (four stars).
- "10 USC 10502 Chief of the National Guard Bureau: appointment; adviser on National Guard matters; grade; succession". Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
- United States Congress (2008). "SEC. 1812. Establishment of National Guard Bureau as Joint Activity of the Department of Defense". H.R. 4986 (110th): National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008. govtrack. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
- U.S. Congress (28 January 2008). "Public Law 110-181: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008". GPO.gov. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Publishing Office.
- Public Law 110-181.
- United States Infantry Association, Infantry Journal, Volume 5, 1908, page 292
- Dodd, Mead, Inc., The New International Year Book, 1934, page 575
- United States Field Artillery Association, The Field Artillery Journal, Volume 15, 1925, page 308
- Pittsburgh Press, "Maj. Smathers becomes First in Command", April 13, 1919
- Doubler, Michael Dale; Listman, John W. (2003). The National Guard: An Illustrated History of Americas Citizen-soldiers. Dulles, VA: Brassey's, Inc. p. 68. ISBN 978-1-57488-389-3.
- "New Commanding General of the Air Force Division". Flying. Chicago, IL: Ziff-Davis Publishing. 1 December 1948. p. 10.
- "Chief of the National Guard Bureau". The National Guardsman. Vol. 7. Washington, DC: National Guard Association of the United States. 1953. p. 8.
- Frazier, David L. "Biography, Weber, La Vern Erick". OKHistory.org. Oklahoma City, OK: Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
- Thompson, Mark (4 January 2012). "The Changing of the Guard". Time. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
- Staff, News (15 July 2016). "Texan Lt. Gen. Joseph L. Lengyel Leads National Guard Bureau". Focus Daily News. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
- "Secretary of Defense Ash Carter to Host Change of Responsibility Ceremony for National Guard Bureau" (Press release). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Defense. Press Operations. 2 August 2016.