Chief of Staff of the French Navy
The Chief of the Staff of the French Navy (French: Chef d'État-Major de la Marine, CEMM) is the head of the French Navy and is responsible to the Minister of Defence in relation to preparation and deployment.
|Chief of Staff of the French Navy
Chef d'État-Major de La Marine
Logo of the Marine Nationale since 1990.
|Member of||Chiefs of Staff Committee|
|Reports to||Ministère de la Défense|
Chief of the General Staff Headquarters of the Armies
|Nominator||Ministère de la Défense|
|Appointer||President of the Republic|
Require Prime Minister's countersignature
|Term length||No fixed term|
|First holder||Vice-Amiral Alfred Gervais|
|Deputy||Major Général de La Marine|
|Website||La Marine Nationale|
CEMM as a naval expert, assists:
- The chef d'état-major des armées (CEMA) in the preparation of naval operations, planning, programming and the motion application of cohesiveness in consolidating future military means
- The Prime Minister of France in safeguarding France's maritime apparatus (French: l'action de l'État en mer) (missions of sauveguarde maritime (French: Sauveguarde maritime))
CEMM has authority over:
- Various naval forces command:
- Territorial organization of the navy : préfets maritime and commandants de la marine, in mainland France and overseas
- Services and organizations :
- Direction du personnel militaire de la marine (DPMM)
- Direction centrale du commissariat de la marine (DCCM)
- Direction centrale des systèmes d'information de la marine (DCSIM)
- Direction centrale du service de soutien de la flotte (DCSSF)
- Direction centrale des travaux immobiliers et maritimes (DCTIM)
- Naval aeronautical service
- Over the état-major de la marine who oversees, through the four divisions (human resources, planning, programmes and logistical operations), the general direction of La Marine.
CEMM presides over the board of directors of the hydrographic and oceanographic service of the navy (SHOM).
Le Chef d’état-major de La Marine
The Chief of Staff of the French Navy : Historic of the function
Well before the First World War, the Chief of Staff of the French Navy (French: Le Chef d'état-major de La Marine, (CEMM)) was at first hand, the Military Cabinet Chief of the Minister of the Navy (French: Chef du Cabinet Militaire du Ministre de La Marine). This mode of functioning was at origin, the main utilization designation of the Military figure which had effective authority on the French Navy (French: La Marine), and referred to the Amiral (Admiral) who commanded the armed naval force (French: Armée Navale), often designated as « Amiralissime », in reference to the title of « généralissime » utilized in the French Army (French: l'Armée de terre).
The First World War replaced all these functionalities in cause, with major incorporation of various tasks in order to conduct a long term industrial naval warfare in light of disposing and having the means to confront new menaces, mainly constituted by submarine warfare and mine explosions: in accordance, another sort of twin identical general staff headquarters directorate (French: état-major bis) was created and designated as - Directorate General of Submarine Warfare (French: Direction Générale de la Guerre Sous-Marine, DGGSM) - with an action domain often described as redundant, a constituted redundancy which naturally led to the dissolving of the Directorate General of Submarine Warfare DGGSM, at the end of World War I and the transfer of the various associated attribution prerogatives to the various bureaux of the general staff headquarters of the French Navy (French: bureaux de l'état-major général de La Marine).
In order to dispose of an effective permanent system allowing the uniform façade transition shiftings between times of peace - preparation periods - and times of war - action periods, the Vice-Amiral (Vice-Admiral) Chief of Staff of the French Navy (French: Le Vice-Amiral Chef d'état-major général de la Marine) became, in the early years of 1920s, the designated Commandant of French Naval Forces in case of war, and the various work functionalities of the general staff headquarter (French: d'état-major) would be in such circumstances at the disposition of the Major General of the French Navy (French: Major Général de la Marine), a Vice-Admiral (French: Vice-Amiral), and his first deputy in times of peace.
After World War II, the progressive disappearing of the Naval Portfolio of the Minister of the Navy (French: Ministre de la Marine) led to confine a part of the prerogatives of the Naval Minister to the Chief of Staff of the French Navy (French: Chef d’état-major de la Marine), a part of the prerogatives which were in a progressive manner adopted at the Interarm (French: Interarmées) level by the general staff headquarters of the Armies (French: État-Major des armées) and the respective Chief of that general staff headquarters, in reference to : Chef d'État-Major des Armées (CEMA). CEMA accordingly inherited the direction responsibility of naval and maritime operations from CEMM in 1971.
In the early years of the 2000s, a large part of these organic prerogatives - forces preparations - were transferred to Chief of the general staff headquarters of the Armies (CEMA), however, the CEMM remains the principal counselor and adviser in relation to the preparation of use of the French Navy (French: La Marine).
Les Chefs d’état-major de La Marine
Chiefs of Staff of the French Navy
Chiefs of Staff of the French Navy (French: Les Chefs d’état-major de La Marine) since 1892:
- French Third Republic (1870–1940)
|Took office||Left office||Duration|
|22 January 1892||21 September 1894||2 years, 242 days|
|21 September 1894||10 November 1895||1 year, 50 days|
|10 November 1895||15 June 1896||218 days|
Jean-Charles-Alexandre Sallandrouze de Lamornaix
|15 June 1896||8 July 1898||2 years, 23 days|
Jules de Cuverville
|8 July 1898||15 July 1899||1 year, 7 days|
|15 July 1899||1 May 1900||290 days|
|1 May 1900||4 February 1902||1 year, 279 days|
|4 February 1902||18 February 1904||2 years, 14 days|
|18 February 1904||3 February 1905||351 days|
|3 February 1905||1 November 1905||271 days|
|1 November 1905||23 August 1909||3 years, 295 days|
|23 August 1909||15 February 1911||1 year, 176 days|
|15 February 1911||1 February 1912||351 days|
|1 February 1912||24 January 1913||358 days|
Pierre Ange Marie Le Bris
|24 January 1913||20 May 1914||1 year, 116 days|
|20 May 1914||7 December 1914||201 days|
|7 December 1914||2 May 1915||146 days|
Eugène de Jonquières
|2 May 1915||10 March 1916||313 days|
Ferdinand De Bon
|10 March 1916||17 May 1919||3 years, 68 days|
Pierre Alexis Ronarc'h
|17 May 1919||1 February 1920||260 days|
|1 February 1920||1 February 1921||1 year, 0 days|
|1 February 1921||22 July 1924||3 years, 172 days|
|22 July 1924||1 January 1928||3 years, 163 days|
|1 January 1928||16 February 1931||3 years, 46 days|
|16 February 1931||1 January 1937||5 years, 320 days|
|23||Amiral de la Flotte|
|1 January 1937||26 August 1939||2 years, 46 days|
|August 1941||18 November 1942||1 year, 3 months|
|6 June 1943||31 May 1950||6 years, 359 days|
|31 May 1950||14 July 1950 †||44 days|
|18 August 1950||26 October 1951||1 year, 69 days|
|26 October 1951||1 July 1960||8 years, 249 days|
|1 July 1960||1 January 1968||7 years, 184 days|
|1 January 1968||1 May 1970||2 years, 120 days|
|1 May 1970||1 February 1972||1 year, 276 days|
Marc de Joybert
|1 February 1972||14 July 1974||2 years, 163 days|
|14 July 1974||1 August 1976||2 years, 18 days|
|1 August 1976||1 August 1982||6 years, 0 days|
|1 August 1982||30 January 1987||4 years, 182 days|
|30 January 1987||20 November 1990||3 years, 294 days|
|20 November 1990||1 July 1994||3 years, 223 days|
|1 July 1994||2 May 1999||4 years, 305 days|
|2 May 1999||1 July 2001||2 years, 60 days|
|1 July 2001||15 June 2005||3 years, 349 days|
Alain Oudot de Dainville
|15 June 2005||4 February 2008||2 years, 234 days|
|4 February 2008||12 September 2011||3 years, 220 days|
|12 September 2011||13 July 2016||4 years, 305 days|
|13 July 2016||Incumbent||3 years, 137 days|
- Chief of the General Staff Headquarters of the Armies (French: Chef d'État-Major des Armées, CEMA)
- Chief of Staff of the French Army (French: Chef d'État-Major de l'Armée de Terre, CEMAT)
- Chief of Staff of the French Air Force (French: Chef d'État-Major de l'Armée de l'Air, CEMAA)
- French Special Operations Command (French: Commandement des Opérations Spéciales (COS))
- Direction générale de la Gendarmerie Nationale (French: Direction Générale de la Gendarmerie nationale (DGGN)) in liaison
- généralissime had for vocation to assume command of the armies of the North-East, destined to defend the French frontiers in that geographical zone, in case of war.
- In title of comparison, the French Army and French Air Force had their combat authority direction responsibility of operations transferred to CEMA ten years earlier in 1961.
- From 26 August 1939 to 6 June 1943, the structure of the La Marine did not include a general staff headquarters, however, a general staff headquarters of Maritime Forces had lieu in place, which was the prime sea command office for the duration of the war. Darlan became then the commander-in-chief of French Maritime Forces (French: Commandant-en-Chef des Forces Maritimes Françaises) before being called upon to serve other functions on February 1941 in the France of Vichy. Darlan then sided with the Allies on November 1942.
- On November 11, 1942, Auphan gave orders to the Fleet to scuttle itself, a Military Order which was executed November 27, 1942. The Admiral resigned from his functions on November 18, 1942.
- Lemonier was designated to this post by the French Committee of National Liberation, which came after the French National Committee in June 1943, the Exile Government of Free France. Accordingly, the Free French Naval Forces and the French Navy of North Africa, under the impulsion of général de Gaulle, Henri Giraud, then French Military and Civilian Commandment-in-Chief and the Major Général of the latter, Amiral Philippe Auboyneau.
- "Les Chefs d'Etat-Major de la Marine". netmarine.net (in French). Retrieved 28 October 2019.