Chief of Staff of the French Navy

The Chief of the Staff of the French Navy (French: Chef d'État-Major de la Marine, CEMM) is the head of the French Navy and is responsible to the Minister of Defence in relation to preparation and deployment.

Chief of Staff of the French Navy
Chef d'État-Major de La Marine
Logo of the Marine Nationale since 1990.
Incumbent
Amiral Christophe Prazuck

since 13 July 2016
 French Navy
AbbreviationCEMM
Member ofChiefs of Staff Committee
Reports toMinistère de la Défense
Chief of the General Staff Headquarters of the Armies
SeatParis, France
NominatorMinistère de la Défense
AppointerPresident of the Republic
Require Prime Minister's countersignature
Term lengthNo fixed term
Formation1892
First holderVice-Amiral Alfred Gervais
DeputyMajor Général de La Marine
WebsiteLa Marine Nationale

CEMM as a naval expert, assists:

CEMM has authority over:

CEMM presides over the board of directors of the hydrographic and oceanographic service of the navy (SHOM).

Le Chef d’état-major de La Marine

The Chief of Staff of the French Navy : Historic of the function

Well before the First World War, the Chief of Staff of the French Navy (French: Le Chef d'état-major de La Marine, (CEMM)) was at first hand, the Military Cabinet Chief of the Minister of the Navy (French: Chef du Cabinet Militaire du Ministre de La Marine). This mode of functioning was at origin, the main utilization designation of the Military figure which had effective authority on the French Navy (French: La Marine), and referred to the Amiral (Admiral) who commanded the armed naval force (French: Armée Navale), often designated as « Amiralissime », in reference to the title of « généralissime » utilized in the French Army (French: l'Armée de terre).[lower-alpha 1]

The First World War replaced all these functionalities in cause, with major incorporation of various tasks in order to conduct a long term industrial naval warfare in light of disposing and having the means to confront new menaces, mainly constituted by submarine warfare and mine explosions: in accordance, another sort of twin identical general staff headquarters directorate (French: état-major bis) was created and designated as - Directorate General of Submarine Warfare (French: Direction Générale de la Guerre Sous-Marine, DGGSM) - with an action domain often described as redundant, a constituted redundancy which naturally led to the dissolving of the Directorate General of Submarine Warfare DGGSM, at the end of World War I and the transfer of the various associated attribution prerogatives to the various bureaux of the general staff headquarters of the French Navy (French: bureaux de l'état-major général de La Marine).

In order to dispose of an effective permanent system allowing the uniform façade transition shiftings between times of peace - preparation periods - and times of war - action periods, the Vice-Amiral (Vice-Admiral) Chief of Staff of the French Navy (French: Le Vice-Amiral Chef d'état-major général de la Marine) became, in the early years of 1920s, the designated Commandant of French Naval Forces in case of war, and the various work functionalities of the general staff headquarter (French: d'état-major) would be in such circumstances at the disposition of the Major General of the French Navy (French: Major Général de la Marine), a Vice-Admiral (French: Vice-Amiral), and his first deputy in times of peace.

After World War II, the progressive disappearing of the Naval Portfolio of the Minister of the Navy (French: Ministre de la Marine) led to confine a part of the prerogatives of the Naval Minister to the Chief of Staff of the French Navy (French: Chef d’état-major de la Marine), a part of the prerogatives which were in a progressive manner adopted at the Interarm (French: Interarmées) level by the general staff headquarters of the Armies (French: État-Major des armées) and the respective Chief of that general staff headquarters, in reference to : Chef d'État-Major des Armées (CEMA). CEMA accordingly inherited the direction responsibility of naval and maritime operations from CEMM in 1971.[lower-alpha 2]

In the early years of the 2000s, a large part of these organic prerogatives - forces preparations - were transferred to Chief of the general staff headquarters of the Armies (CEMA), however, the CEMM remains the principal counselor and adviser in relation to the preparation of use of the French Navy (French: La Marine).

Les Chefs d’état-major de La Marine

Chiefs of Staff of the French Navy

Chiefs of Staff of the French Navy (French: Les Chefs d’état-major de La Marine) since 1892:[1]

French Third Republic (1870–1940)
No. Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term
Took office Left office Duration
1
Vice-amiral
Alfred Gervais
(1837–1921)
22 January 189221 September 18942 years, 242 days
2
Vice-amiral
Edgar Humann
(1838–1914)
21 September 189410 November 18951 year, 50 days
3
Contre-amiral
Charles Chauvin
10 November 189515 June 1896218 days
4
Vice-amiral
Jean-Charles-Alexandre Sallandrouze de Lamornaix
(1840–1899)
15 June 18968 July 18982 years, 23 days
5
Vice-amiral
Jules de Cuverville
(1834–1912)
8 July 189815 July 18991 year, 7 days
6
Contre-amiral
Leonce Caillard
(1846–1917)
15 July 18991 May 1900290 days
7
Vice-amiral
Amédée Bienaime
(1843–1930)
1 May 19004 February 19021 year, 279 days
8
Contre-amiral
Ernest Marquer
4 February 190218 February 19042 years, 14 days
9
Contre-amiral
Paul Campion
18 February 19043 February 1905351 days
10
Vice-amiral
Charles Touchard
(1844–1930)
3 February 19051 November 1905271 days
11
Vice-amiral
Charles Aubert
(1848–1915)
1 November 190523 August 19093 years, 295 days
12
Vice-amiral
Laurent Marin-Darbel
(1849–1928)
23 August 190915 February 19111 year, 176 days
13
Vice-amiral
Paul Auvert
(1853–1933)
15 February 19111 February 1912351 days
(11)
Vice-amiral
Charles Aubert
(1848–1915)
1 February 191224 January 1913358 days
14
Vice-amiral
Pierre Ange Marie Le Bris
(1856–1940)
24 January 191320 May 19141 year, 116 days
15
Vice-amiral
Louis-Joseph Pivet
(1855–1924)
20 May 19147 December 1914201 days
(11)
Vice-amiral
Charles Aubert
(1848–1915)
7 December 19142 May 1915146 days
16
Vice-amiral
Eugène de Jonquières
(1850–1919)
2 May 191510 March 1916313 days
17
Vice-amiral
Ferdinand De Bon
(1861–1923)
10 March 191617 May 19193 years, 68 days
18
Vice-amiral
Pierre Alexis Ronarc'h
(1865–1940)
17 May 19191 February 1920260 days
19
Vice-amiral
Henri Salaun
(1866–1936)
1 February 19201 February 19211 year, 0 days
20
Vice-amiral
Maurice Grasset
(1863–1932)
1 February 192122 July 19243 years, 172 days
(19)
Vice-amiral
Henri Salaun
(1866–1936)
22 July 19241 January 19283 years, 163 days
21
Vice-amiral
Louis-Hippolyte Violette
(1863–1932)
1 January 192816 February 19313 years, 46 days
22
Vice-amiral
Georges Durand-Viel
(1875–1959)
16 February 19311 January 19375 years, 320 days
23
Amiral de la Flotte
François Darlan
(1881–1942)
[lower-alpha 3]
1 January 193726 August 19392 years, 46 days
24
Contre-amiral
Gabriel Auphan
(1894–1982)
[lower-alpha 4]
August 194118 November 19421 year, 3 months
25
Vice-Amiral d'escadre
André Lemonnier
(1896–1963)
[lower-alpha 5]
6 June 194331 May 19506 years, 359 days
26
Vice-amiral
Robert Battet
(1893–1950)
31 May 195014 July 1950 44 days
27
Vice-amiral d'escadre
Roger-Gabriel Lambert
(1897–1960)
18 August 195026 October 19511 year, 69 days
28
Amiral
Henri Nomy
(1899–1971)
26 October 19511 July 19608 years, 249 days
29
Amiral
Georges Cabanier
(1906–1976)
1 July 19601 January 19687 years, 184 days
30
Amiral
André Patou
(1910–2006)
1 January 19681 May 19702 years, 120 days
31
Amiral
André Storelli
(1911–2007)
1 May 19701 February 19721 year, 276 days
32
Amiral
Marc de Joybert
(1912–1989)
1 February 197214 July 19742 years, 163 days
33
Amiral
Albert-Charles Joire-Noulens
(1915–2010)
14 July 19741 August 19762 years, 18 days
34
Amiral
Jean-René Lannuzel
(1921–1997)
1 August 19761 August 19826 years, 0 days
35
Amiral
Yves Leenhardt
(1926–2011)
1 August 198230 January 19874 years, 182 days
36
Amiral
Bernard Louzeau
(1929–2019)
30 January 198720 November 19903 years, 294 days
37
Amiral
Alain Coatanéa
20 November 19901 July 19943 years, 223 days
38
Amiral
Jean-Charles Lefebvre
1 July 19942 May 19994 years, 305 days
39
Amiral
Jean-Luc Delaunay
2 May 19991 July 20012 years, 60 days
40
Amiral
Jean-Louis Battet
(born 1944)
1 July 200115 June 20053 years, 349 days
41
Amiral
Alain Oudot de Dainville
(born 1947)
15 June 20054 February 20082 years, 234 days
42
Amiral
Pierre-François Forissier
(born 1951)
4 February 200812 September 20113 years, 220 days
43
Amiral
Bernard Rogel
(born 1956)
12 September 201113 July 20164 years, 305 days
44
Amiral
Christophe Prazuck
(born 1960)
13 July 2016Incumbent3 years, 137 days

See also

Notes

  1. généralissime had for vocation to assume command of the armies of the North-East, destined to defend the French frontiers in that geographical zone, in case of war.
  2. In title of comparison, the French Army and French Air Force had their combat authority direction responsibility of operations transferred to CEMA ten years earlier in 1961.
  3. From 26 August 1939 to 6 June 1943, the structure of the La Marine did not include a general staff headquarters, however, a general staff headquarters of Maritime Forces had lieu in place, which was the prime sea command office for the duration of the war. Darlan became then the commander-in-chief of French Maritime Forces (French: Commandant-en-Chef des Forces Maritimes Françaises) before being called upon to serve other functions on February 1941 in the France of Vichy. Darlan then sided with the Allies on November 1942.
  4. On November 11, 1942, Auphan gave orders to the Fleet to scuttle itself, a Military Order which was executed November 27, 1942. The Admiral resigned from his functions on November 18, 1942.
  5. Lemonier was designated to this post by the French Committee of National Liberation, which came after the French National Committee in June 1943, the Exile Government of Free France. Accordingly, the Free French Naval Forces and the French Navy of North Africa, under the impulsion of général de Gaulle, Henri Giraud, then French Military and Civilian Commandment-in-Chief and the Major Général of the latter, Amiral Philippe Auboyneau.

References

  1. "Les Chefs d'Etat-Major de la Marine". netmarine.net (in French). Retrieved 28 October 2019.
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