Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense

The Chief Management Officer (CMO) of the United States Department of Defense (DoD) is the third-in-command of the department after the Secretary of Defense and Deputy Secretary of Defense.[2] The position's purpose is to reduce costs by improving the quality and productivity of DoD's business operations.[2][3]

Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense
Lisa Hershman

since December 1, 2018[1]
U.S. Department of Defense
Office of the Secretary of Defense
AppointerThe President
with the advice and consent of the Senate
Term lengthNo fixed term
Inaugural holderJohn H. Gibson II
FormationFebruary 1, 2018


The CMO's office contains six "reform leaders" in the areas of logistics and supply chains, real property, community services, human resources, and health care, and a Program Executive Officer for IT Business Systems. The office also oversees Washington Headquarters Services and Pentagon Force Protection Agency, and contains an Oversight and Compliance Directorate, and a Headquarters Support Directorate.[4]


In 2005, the U.S. Government Accountability Office recommended that DoD create a CMO position to avoid fraud, waste, abuse, and mismanagement in its reform program. However, DoD declined to create an independent CMO position, and instead assigned CMO responsibilities to the Deputy Secretary of Defense in September 2007. The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 codified this into law, and created a Deputy CMO subordinate to the Deputy Secretary.[5] In 2011, the functions of the Business Transformation Agency were transferred to the Deputy CMO when that agency was disestablished.[5][6]

Creation of the CMO position was mandated by the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, and became effective on 1 February 2018. The Deputy CMO position was replaced with the new CMO position.[4] While the Deputy CMO was an internal advisor to the Deputy Secretary, the CMO is more powerful. The CMO is third-in-command of DoD, thus outranking the Secretaries of the Army, Navy, and Air Force,[2] and has authority to order the three officeholders to implement reforms.[7]


No. Image Name Took office Left office Time in office Secretaries of Defense serving under: President serving under:
1 John H. Gibson II[2][3][8] February 21, 2018[9] November 30, 2018[10][11] 282 days Jim Mattis Donald Trump
Lisa Hershman (Acting) December 1, 2018[1] Incumbent 1 year, 10 days Jim Mattis
Patrick M. Shanahan (Acting)
Mark Esper (Acting)
Richard V. Spencer (Acting)
Mark Esper


  1. "Defense Department Announces Acting Chief Management Officer". U.S. Department of Defense. 1 December 2018. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  2. Garamone, Jim (22 February 2018). "DoD Now on Track to Rebuild, Restore Military, Spokesperson Says". U.S. Department of Defense. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  3. Gould, Joe (30 January 2018). "Pentagon chief management officer nominee clears committee". Defense News. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  4. "Report to Congress: Restructuring the Department of Defense Acquisition, Technology and Logistics Organization and Chief Management Officer Organization" (PDF). 1 August 2017. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  5. Brook, Douglas (Summer 2015). "Chief Management Officer for the DoD: Does It Matter?". The Public Manager. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  6. "History". U.S. Department of Defense Chief Management Officer. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  7. Serbu, Jared (12 December 2016). "Congress creates new DoD Chief Management Officer, punts on role of CIO". Federal News Radio. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  8. "John H. Gibson II". U.S. Department of Defense. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  9. "PN1515 — John H. Gibson II — Department of Defense". U.S. Congress. 15 February 2018. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  10. Lubold, Gordon (5 September 2018). "Mattis Plans to Remove Pentagon's Chief Management Officer". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  11. Bertuca, Tony (9 November 2018). "DOD chief management officer resigns". Inside Defense. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
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