Chief Financial Officers Act
The Chief Financial Officers (CFO) Act of 1990 (Public Law 101–576) signed into law by President George H.W. Bush on November 15, 1990, is a United States federal law intended to improve the government's financial management, outlining standards of financial performance and disclosure. Among other measures, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) was given greater authority over federal financial management. For each of 24 federal departments and agencies, the position of chief financial officer was created. In accordance with the CFO Act, each agency or department vests its financial management functions in its chief financial officer. The following is a list of the 24 affected agencies:
The Act created a new position in the OMB, the Deputy Director for Management, who is the government's chief financial management official. It also created a new sub-division of the OMB, the Office of Federal Financial Management (OFFM), to carry out government-wide financial management responsibilities. The OFFM's chief officer was designated as the newly created Controller position. Both the Deputy Director for Management and the Controller are appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate.
The Committee on Government Reform oversees the management and infrastructure of the federal agencies, including those covered by the CFO Act.
For a discussion of the history and motivation underlying the CFO Act - with particular emphasis on the difficulties the U.S. Department of Defense has experienced attempting to comply with the financial-statement reporting requirements of the Act - see "Financial Accountability at the DOD: Reviewing the Bidding," published in the July 2009 issue of the Defense Acquisition Review Journal, pgs. 181-196.
The CFO Act was authored by staff of the House of Representatives Committee on Government Operations, now the Committee of Government Oversight and Reform, under the leadership of Committee Chairman John Conyers (D-MI) and Ranking Minority Member Frank Horton (R-NY). The CFO Act passed the House of Representatives by Unanimous Consent.
- "31 U.S.C. §901. Establishment of agency Chief Financial Officers". Retrieved 15 April 2019." (b)(1) The agencies referred to in subsection (a)(1) are the following: `(A) The Department of Agriculture. `(B) The Department of Commerce. `(C) The Department of Defense. `(D) The Department of Education. `(E) The Department of Energy. `(F) The Department of Health and Human Services. `(G) The Department of Homeland Security. `(H) The Department of Housing and Urban Development. `(I) The Department of the Interior. `(J) The Department of Justice. `(K) The Department of Labor. `(L) The Department of State. `(M) The Department of Transportation. `(N) The Department of the Treasury. `(O) The Department of Veterans Affairs. `(P) The Environmental Protection Agency. `(Q) The National Aeronautics and Space Administration. `(2) The agencies referred to in subsection (a)(2) are the following: `(A) The Agency for International Development. `(B) The Federal Emergency Management Agency. `(C) The General Services Administration. `(D) The National Science Foundation. `(E) The Nuclear Regulatory Commission. `(F) The Office of Personnel Management. `(G) The Small Business Administration.
- CFO.gov About Council Page Archived July 16, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
- "Financial Accountability at the DoD, Reviewing the Bidding" (PDF). Retrieved 22 Feb 2018.
- Guide to the CFO Act (U.S. General Accounting Office now known as the Government Accountability Office)
- Text of the CFO Act of 1990
- Where Is The Money FAQ: Who's In Charge