Chi (kana)

, in hiragana, or in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, which each represent one mora. Both are phonemically /ti/ although for phonological reasons, the actual pronunciation is [t͡ɕi] (listen).

chi
transliterationchi, ti
translit. with dakutenji, zi, di
hiragana origin
katakana origin
spelling kana千鳥のチ
(Chidori no "chi")

The kanji for one thousand (千, sen), appears similar to チ, and at one time they were related, but today チ is used as phonetic, while the kanji carries an entirely unrelated meaning.

Many onomatopoeic words beginning with ち pertain to things that are small or quick.[1]

The dakuten forms ぢ, ヂ, pronounced the same as the dakuten forms of the shi kana in most dialects (see yotsugana), are uncommon. They are primarily used for indicating a voiced consonant in the middle of a compound word (see rendaku), and they can never begin a word, although some people will write the word for hemorrhoids (normally じ) as ぢ for emphasis. The dakuten form of the shi character is sometimes used when transliterating "di", as opposed to チ's dakuten form; for example, Aladdin is written as アラジン Arajin, and radio is written as ラジオ. More common, though, is to use ディ instead, such as ディオン to translate the name Dion.

In the Ainu language, チ by itself is pronounced [t͡ʃi], and can be combined with the katakana ヤ, ユ, エ, and ヨ to write the other [t͡ʃ] sounds as well as [t͡s] sounds. The combination チェ (pronounced [t͡se]), is interchangeable with セ゚.

Form variants

Form Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
Hepburn Kunrei-shiki Nihon-shiki
Normal ch-/t-
(た行 ta-gyō)
chi ti
chii
chī
tii
ちい, ちぃ
ちー
チイ, チィ
チー
Addition yōon ch-/ty-
(ちゃ行 cha-gyō)
cha tya ちゃ チャ
chaa
chā
tyaa
tyā
ちゃあ
ちゃー
チャア
チャー
chu tyu ちゅ チュ
chuu
chū
tyuu
tyū
ちゅう
ちゅー
チュウ
チュー
cho tyo ちょ チョ
chou
choo
chō
tyou
tyoo
tyō
ちょう
ちょお
ちょー
チョウ
チョオ
チョー
Addition dakuten d- (j/z-)
(だ行 da-gyō)
ji zi di
jii
zii
dii
ぢい, ぢぃ
ぢー
ヂイ, ヂィ
ヂー
Addition yōon and dakuten dy- (j/zy-)
(ぢゃ行 dya-gyō)
ja zya dya ぢゃ ヂャ
jaa
zyaa
zyā
dyaa
dyā
ぢゃあ
ぢゃー
ヂャア
ヂャー
ju zyu dyu ぢゅ ヂュ
juu
zyuu
zyū
dyuu
dyū
ぢゅう
ぢゅー
ヂュウ
ヂュー
jo zyo dyo ぢょ ヂョ
jou
joo
zyou
zyoo
zyō
dyou
dyoo
dyō
ぢょう
ぢょお
ぢょー
ヂョウ
ヂョオ
ヂョー
Other additional forms
Form A (ch-)
Romaji Hiragana Katakana
(cha) (ちゃ) (チャ)
(chyi, chi) (ちぃ, ち) (チ)
(chu) (ちゅ) (チュ)
che ちぇ チェ
(cho) (ちょ) (チョ)
Form B (dy/j-)
Romaji Hiragana Katakana
(dya, ja) (ぢゃ) (ヂャ)
(dyi, ji) (ぢぃ, ぢ) (ヂィ, ヂ)
(dyu, ju) (ぢゅ) (ヂュ)
dye (je) ぢぇ ヂェ
(dyo, jo) (ぢょ) (ヂョ)

Stroke order

Other representations

Character
Unicode nameHIRAGANA LETTER CHIKATAKANA LETTER CHIHALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER CHIHIRAGANA LETTER JIKATAKANA LETTER JI
Encodingsdecimalhexdecimalhexdecimalhexdecimalhexdecimalhex
Unicode12385U+306112481U+30C165409U+FF8112386U+306212482U+30C2
UTF-8227 129 161E3 81 A1227 131 129E3 83 81239 190 129EF BE 81227 129 162E3 81 A2227 131 130E3 83 82
Numeric character referenceちちチチチチぢぢヂヂ
Shift JIS130 19182 BF131 9683 60193C1130 19282 C0131 9783 61
  • Braille
ち / チ in Japanese BrailleCh/J/Dy + Yōon braille
ち / チ
chi
ぢ / ヂ
ji/di
ちい / チー
chī
ぢい / ヂー
/
ちゃ / チャ
cha
ぢゃ / ヂャ
ja/dya
ちゃあ / チャー
chā
ぢゃあ / ヂャー
/dya
Ch/J/Dy + Yōon braille
ちゅ / チュ
chu
ぢゅ / ヂュ
ju/dyu
ちゅう / チュー
chū
ぢゅう / ヂュー
/dyū
ちょ / チョ
cho
ぢょ / ヂョ
jo/dyo
ちょう / チョー
chō
ぢょう / ヂョー
/dyō

See also

References

  1. Hiroko Fukuda, Jazz Up Your Japanese with Onomatopoeia: For All Levels, trans. Tom Gally. New York: Kodansha International (2003): 19 - 20, Introduction, Words Beginning with ち Chi, Indicating Smallness or Quickness.


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