Charles Stuart, 1st Earl of Lennox

Charles Stuart, 1st (or 5th) Earl of Lennox (April or May 1557[1] – April 1576), was the fourth son of Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox and Margaret Douglas, daughter of Margaret Tudor and granddaughter of King Henry VII of England. His brother was Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley.

Life and family

The 4th Earl of Lennox until his death in 1571 was regent for his young grandson, King James VI of Scotland. Charles's elder brother and James's father was Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley who had died in 1567. As a result, the Earldom of Lennox on the death of the 4th Earl was inherited by James VI and the title merged with the Crown. However, shortly after his father's death, the title was bestowed on Charles, amounting to a new creation of the title albeit in a cadet (younger) branch of the same family.

Charles proceeded to incur the displeasure of Queen Elizabeth I of England by a hasty marriage to Elizabeth Cavendish, daughter of Bess of Hardwick, apparently at his mother's instigation. The couple had one child, Lady Arbella Stuart. King James, who was still a minor, acquired the earldom despite the intervention of Queen Elizabeth I of England on her behalf.[2] Lady Arbella Stuart married William Seymour. She was later imprisoned in the Tower of London and died there in 1615.

Charles Stuart died in early April 1576 from consumption.[3]


  1. Weir, Alison (2015). The Lost Tudor Princess. Vintage. p. 156.
  2. "The story of Lady Arbella Stuart". National Trust. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
  3. Durant, David N. (1978). Arbella Stuart: A Rival to the Queen. Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 11.
Preceded by
New Creation
Earl of Lennox
Succeeded by
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