Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton
Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton,(25 October 1683 – 6 May 1757) was an Irish and English politician.
The Duke of Grafton
|Lord High Steward|
for the coronation of King George I
19 October 1714 – 20 October 1714
|Preceded by||The Duke of Devonshire|
|Succeeded by||The Earl Cowper|
|Lord Lieutenant of Ireland|
18 June 1720 – 6 May 1724
|Preceded by||The Duke of Bolton|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Carteret|
|Born||25 October 1683|
|Died||6 May 1757 73)(aged|
|Spouse(s)||Lady Henrietta Somerset|
Charles FitzRoy, Earl of Euston
George FitzRoy, Earl of Euston
Lord Augustus FitzRoy
Lord Charles FitzRoy
Caroline Stanhope, Countess of Harrington
Lady Harriet FitzRoy
Isabella Seymour-Conway, Countess of Hertford
|Parents||Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton|
Isabella Bennet, 2nd Countess of Arlington
He was the only child and heir of Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton (1663–1690) (an illegitimate son of King Charles II by his mistress Barbara Villiers) by his wife Isabella Bennet, 2nd Countess of Arlington. He succeeded to his father's titles on 9 October 1690.
Grafton was one of the members of the Hanoverian-supporting Kit-Cat Club portrayed by Godfrey Kneller.. He served as Lord High Steward at King George I's coronation, becoming a Privy Counsellor in 1715 and a Knight of the Garter in 1721. He also served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1720 to 1724 and Lord Chamberlain from 1724 until his death. In 1719 he was one of the main subscribers to the Royal Academy of Music, a corporation that produced baroque opera on the stage. In 1739 he supported the creation of what was to become one of London's most notable charities, the Foundling Hospital. He sat on that charity's original Court of Governors with such fellow Governors as the Duke of Bedford, the Lord Vere and the Lord Mayor of London. He was affectionately known to the Royal court as 'Booby Grafton'. For a number of years he and Princess Emily,one of George 2nds daughters,enjoyed a semi-flirtatious relationship.
Marriage and children
He married Lady Henrietta Somerset (27 Aug 1690-7 Aug 1726) on 30 Apr 1713, daughter of Charles Somerset, Marquess of Worcester and Rebecca Child; they had seven children:
- Charles Henry FitzRoy, Earl of Euston (13 April 1714 – 18 December 1715).
- George FitzRoy, Earl of Euston (24 August 1715 – 7 July 1747). He was married 10 October 1741 to Lady Dorothy Boyle (14 May 1724 – 2 May 1742) elder daughter of Richard Boyle, 4th Earl of Cork, 3rd Earl of Burlington and his wife Lady Dorothy Savile, daughter of William Savile, 2nd Marquess of Halifax. The Earl was notorious for mistreating his wife, who died seven months after their marriage, and died childless.
- Lord Augustus FitzRoy (16 October 1716 – 24 May 1741). He was married to Elizabeth Cosby, daughter of Colonel William Cosby, who served as a colonial Governor of New York. They were parents to two sons, who founded branches of the family still extant today:
- Lord Charles FitzRoy (23 April 1718 – 29 July 1739).
- Lady Caroline Fitzroy (8 April 1722 – 26 June 1784). She married William Stanhope, 2nd Earl of Harrington. They were parents to Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl of Harrington and other six children.
- Lady Harriet FitzRoy (8 June 1723 – August 1735).
- Lady Isabella FitzRoy (1726 – 10 November 1782). She married Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford. They were parents to Francis Seymour-Conway, 2nd Marquess of Hertford and eleven other children.
The Duke also fathered an illegitimate son, Charles FitzRoy-Scudamore.
Grafton Street in Dublin was named after him. Grafton, Massachusetts is named after him.
- Kneller portrait of Grafton. Accessed 21 August 2017.
- Rachel Wilson, 'The Vicereines of Ireland and the Transformation of the Dublin Court, c. 1703-1737' in The Court Historian, xix, no. 1 (2014).
- Leo van der Pas. "George Fitzroy, Earl of Euston (1715–1747)". Archived from the original on 20 April 2004. Retrieved 20 April 2004. from Brigitte Gastel-Lloyd's Worldroots website. Retrieved in cached version on 7 October 2009.
- R.H. Nichols and F A. Wray, The History of the Foundling Hospital (London: Oxford University Press, 1935).
The Duke of Bolton
| Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
The Lord Carteret
The Duke of Newcastle
| Lord Chamberlain
The 4th Duke of Devonshire
Title last held byThe 1st Duke of Devonshire
| Lord High Steward
Title next held byThe Lord Cowper
The Earl of Dysart
| Lord Lieutenant of Suffolk
The Duke of Grafton
| Vice-Admiral of Suffolk
Title next held byThe Marquess of Hertford
|Peerage of England|
| Duke of Grafton
| Earl of Arlington|