Charles FitzRoy, 1st Baron Southampton

Charles FitzRoy, 1st Baron Southampton (25 June 1737 – 21 March 1797) was a British Army officer who served in the Seven Years' War and a politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1759 to 1780 when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Southampton.

The second son of Lord Augustus FitzRoy and a grandson of the 2nd Duke of Grafton, FitzRoy joined the 1st Regiment of Foot Guards as an ensign in 1752. He fought at the Battles of Minden and Kirchdenkern during the Seven Years' War and rose to the ranks of Captain in 1756 and Lieutenant-Colonel in 1758.

He was a Groom of the Bedchamber from 1760–62 and Whig MP (later Tory from 1770–83 and thereafter a Whig again) for Orford from 1759–61, for Bury St Edmunds from 1761–74 and for Thetford from 1774-80. On leaving the post of Queen Charlotte's Vice-Chamberlain in 1780 (a post he had held since 1768), he was created Baron Southampton on 17 October 1780[1] and was succeeded by his eldest son, George, upon his death in 1797.

Family

On 27 July 1758, FitzRoy married Anne Warren, the daughter and co-heir of Adml. Sir Peter Warren and a descendant of the Schuyler family, the Van Cortlandt family, and the Delancey family, all from British North America. They later had eleven children, among which:

Legacy

Fitzroy Road on the west side of Manhattan was named after Charles Fitzroy. The road follows the route of present-day Eighth Avenue. It was named for Fitzroy after land along its route was given to his father-in-law. The street was decommissioned in the 1830s.[3] In memory of this road, the luxury condominium building at 514 West 24th Street is named The Fitzroy.[4]

References

  • Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1889). "Fitzroy, Charles (1737-1797)" . Dictionary of National Biography. 19. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Viscount Chewton
Henry Bilson Legge
Member of Parliament for Orford
17591761
With: John Offley
Succeeded by
John Offley
Thomas Worsley
Preceded by
Felton Hervey
Lord Hervey
Member of Parliament for Bury St Edmunds
17611774
With: Lord Hervey to 1763
William Hervey 1763–68
Lord Hervey from 1768
Succeeded by
Lord Hervey
Sir Charles Davers
Preceded by
Henry Seymour Conway
Viscount Petersham
Member of Parliament for Thetford
17741780
With: Charles FitzRoy-Scudamore
Succeeded by
Charles FitzRoy-Scudamore
Richard Hopkins
Military offices
Preceded by
New regiment
Colonel of the 119th Regiment of Foot
17621763
Succeeded by
Regiment disbanded
Preceded by
Marquess of Lorne
Colonel of the 14th Regiment of Dragoons
17651772
Succeeded by
Lt.-Gen. Daniel Webb
Preceded by
The Earl of Albemarle
Colonel of the 3rd Regiment of Dragoons
17721797
Succeeded by
Gen. Francis Lascelles
Political offices
Preceded by
Hon. Robert Brudenell
Vice Chamberlain to Queen Charlotte
17681780
Succeeded by
Vacant
(Hon. Stephen Digby from 1782)
Preceded by
?
Vice-Chamberlain to The Prince of Wales
17801797
Succeeded by
?
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
New Creation
Baron Southampton
17801797
Succeeded by
George FitzRoy


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