Charles F. Voegelin

Charles (Carl) Frederick Voegelin (or C. F. Voegelin) (January 14, 1906 – May 22, 1986) was an American linguist and anthropologist. He was one of the leading authorities on Indigenous languages of North America, specifically the Algonquian and Uto-Aztecan languages. He published many influential works on Delaware, Shawnee, Hopi and the Tübatulabal languages.

Charles F. Voegelin
Born(1906-01-14)January 14, 1906
DiedMay 22, 1986(1986-05-22) (aged 80)
Spouse(s)
Academic background
Alma mater
Influences
Academic work
DisciplineLinguist, anthropologist
Sub-disciplineNative American linguistics
InstitutionsIndiana University Bloomington
Notable students

Career

Born in New York, he entered Stanford University and received a BA in Psychology, after which he traveled to New Zealand to study Maori music. Then he decided to study anthropology at University of California, Berkeley where he was trained by Alfred Kroeber, Robert Lowie and Melville Jacobs, writing his dissertation as a grammar of Tübatulabal. At first he had great difficulties hearing the phonetic distinctions of the language, but in 1931 he went to the field with Danish linguist Hans Jørgen Uldall who taught him to recognize all the phonetic contrasts. His proficiency in Indigenous languages became so good that he was able to correspond with Leonard Bloomfield in Ojibwe, letters later published in the journal Anthropological linguistics.[1]

He went on to do postdoctoral work in linguistics at Yale University with Edward Sapir, and then he taught at DePauw University, before joining Indiana University Bloomington in 1941 as that university's first professor of anthropology.[2] During his tenure at Indiana he managed the United States' largest Army Specialized Training Program in foreign languages. In 1944, he persuaded Indiana University to host the International Journal of American Linguistics (IJAL), which had stopped being published in 1939, shortly before the death of its first editor Franz Boas.[3] Voegelin served as editor of IJAL for many years.

Among his graduate students at Indiana were Ken Hale and Dell Hymes. Later he held an appointment at the University of Hawai'i, before returning to Indiana as an emeritus professor.[4][5]

Personal life

Voegelin was first married to ethnologist Erminie Wheeler-Voegelin, with whom he conducted fieldwork. Later he married linguist Florence M. Voegelin, an accomplished linguist in her own right. Together they co-authored numerous publications.[6]

Honors

Voegelin was president of the Linguistic Society of America in 1954.[7]

In 1975, several of Voegelin's colleagues and former students collaborated on the festschrift Linguistics and Anthropology: In Honor of C. F. Voegelin.[8]

Voegelin's collected papers are held by the American Philosophical Society.[9][10]

Selected publications

  • Voegelin, Charles F. (1935). "Tübatulabal Grammar". University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology. 34: 55–190.
  • Voegelin, Charles F. (1935). "Tubatulabal Texts". University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology. 34: 191–246.
  • Voegelin, Charles F. (1958). "Working Dictionary of Tübatulabal". International Journal of American Linguistics. 24 (3): 221–228. doi:10.1086/464459.
  • Voegelin, Carl & Florence Voegelin. (1941). Map of North American Indian Languages. American Ethnological Society.
  • Voegelin, Carl F. 1935. Shawnee Phonemes. Language 11: 23-37.
  • Voegelin, Carl F. 1936. Productive Paradigms in Shawnee. Robert H. Lowie, ed., Essays in Anthropology presented to A. L. Kroeber 391-403. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Voegelin, Carl F. 1938-40. Shawnee Stems and the Jacob P. Dunn Miami Dictionary. Indiana Historical Society Prehistory Research Series 1: 63-108, 135-167, 289-323, 345-406, 409-478 (1938–1940). Indianapolis
  • Voegelin, Carl F., and Florence M. Voegelin. 1957. Hopi domains: A lexical approach to the problem of selection. Indiana University Publications in Anthropology and Linguistics: Memoir 14.
  • Voegelin, Carl F., and Florence M. Voegelin. 1959. Guide to transcribing unwritten languages in field work. Anthropological Linguistics 1:1-28.
  • Voegelin, Carl F., Florence M. Voegelin, and Kenneth Hale. 1962. Typological and Comparative Grammar of Uto-Aztecan; I, Phonology. IJAL Memoir no. 17.
  • Voegelin, Carl F., and Florence M. Voegelin. 1962. Typological and comparative grammar of Uto-Aztecan. IJAL 28(1):210-213.
  • Voegelin, Carl F., and Florence M. Voegelin. 1967. Passive transformations form non-transitive bases in Hopi. IJAL 33:276-281.
  • Voegelin, Carl F., and Florence M. Voegelin. 1977. Classification and index of the world's languages. (Foundations of Linguistics series). New York: Elsevier.

References

  1. Charles F. Voegelin and Leonard Bloomfield. Correspondence in Ojibwa. Anthropological Linguistics , Vol. 35, No. 1/4, A Retrospective of the Journal Anthropological Linguistics: Selected Papers, 1959-1985 (1993), pp. 399-420
  2. Anthropology over time, by Robert Meier and the Indiana University Bloomington Department of Anthropology; at Indiana University Bloomington; originally published in The College Magazine (Indiana University Bloomington), Winter 2008, page 5; retrieved May 2, 2014
  3. C. F. Voegelin. 1944. Continuation of International Journal of American Linguistics. International Journal of American Linguistics, Vol. 10, No. 4 (Oct., 1944), pp. 109-112
  4. Ken Hale. 1976. Linguistic Autonomy and the Linguistics of Carl Voegelin. Anthropological Linguistics, Vol. 18, No. 3 (Mar., 1976), pp. 120-128
  5. Ken Hale. 1993. Linguistic Autonomy and the Linguistics of Carl Voegelin. Anthropological Linguistics, Vol. 35, No. 1/4, A Retrospective of the Journal Anthropological Linguistics: Selected Papers, 1959-1985 (1993), pp. 388-398
  6. Dorothea V. Kaschube. 1994. In Memoriam Florence Voegelin. International Journal of American Linguistics , Vol. 60, No. 2 (Apr., 1994), pp. 191-196
  7. LSA Presidents Archived August 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, at the Linguistic Society of America; published December 2001; retrieved May 2, 2014 (via archive.org)
  8. Linguistics and Anthropology: In Honor of C. F. Voegelin, edited by Marvin Dale Kinkade, Kenneth Locke Hale, and Oswald Werner; published by John Benjamins Publishing Company, 1975
  9. https://search.amphilsoc.org/collections/view?docId=ead/Mss.Ms.Coll.68-ead.xml
  10. M. Dale Kinkade. 1989 Charles Frederick Voegelin (1906-1986) American Anthropologist , New Series, Vol. 91, No. 3 (Sep., 1989), pp. 727-729
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