Charles Cochrane-Baillie, 2nd Baron Lamington
Charles Wallace Alexander Napier Cochrane-Baillie, 2nd Baron Lamington, Governor of Queensland from 1896 to 1901, and Governor of Bombay from 1903 to 1907.(29 July 1860 – 16 September 1940) was a British politician and colonial administrator who served as
The Lord Lamington
|Governor of Queensland|
9 April 1896 – 19 December 1901
|Preceded by||Sir Henry Wylie Norman|
|Succeeded by||Sir Herbert Chermside|
|Governor of Bombay|
12 December 1903 – 27 July 1907
|Governor-General||The Lord Curzon of Kedleston|
The Earl of Minto
|Preceded by||The Lord Northcote|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Willingdon|
|Born||29 July 1860|
|Died||16 September 1940 80) (aged|
|Alma mater||Eton College|
Christ Church, Oxford
Born in London, England, he was the only son of Alexander Baillie-Cochrane, 1st Baron Lamington. Charles was educated at Eton College and Christ Church, Oxford, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in 1883. In 1885, he became assistant private secretary to the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Lord Salisbury.
Cochrane-Baillie was narrowly defeated in the 1885 election for the borough constituency of St Pancras North, but he won the subsequent election in July 1886, taking his seat in the British House of Commons for the Conservative Party.
Upon the death of his father in 1890, he succeeded as the 2nd Baron Lamington.
On 13 June 1895, he married Mary Houghton Hozier at St Michael's Church, Pimlico; they had two children, a son and a daughter.
In 1890, the British government sent Lord Lamington to travel between Tonkin in Vietnam and Siam, with a view to annexing at least the Xishuangbanna district and possibly the whole Yunnan province of China in an attempt to limit French colonisation of the area.
In October 1895, Lord Lamington was selected to replace Sir Henry Norman as Governor of Queensland, and he was sworn in on 9 April 1896. He was a very politically conservative governor, and expressed a concern that the Federation of Australia which took place during his tenure would lead to unrestrained socialism. He also worked with the first Premier of Queensland, Sir Samuel Griffith, to ensure that the role of state governors was not diminished after Federation.
Apart from six months leave in England when he was appointed a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George, Lord Lamington served as governor for five years until 19 December 1901. In 1903 he was made a Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire, and appointed as Governor of Bombay (until his resignation in Jul 1907), where the royal prerogative he exercised was far more powerful than it had been in Australia. He is also noted as being sympathetic, after having met ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, to the Bahá'í Faith.
He returned to his family home, Lamington House, in Lanarkshire, Scotland, where he died on 16 September 1940, aged 80.
Other roles and ranks (undated)
- President of the East India Association
- President of the National Indian Association
- President of the Middle East Association
- President of the Indigent Moslems Burial Fund
- President of the British Red Crescent Society
- President of 'other organisations concerned with Eastern welfare and culture'
- President of the Persia Society (forerunner of the Iran Society) (--1912--)
- Vice President of the Royal Central Asian Society
- Vice-President of the Royal Geographical Society of London
- Chairman of the Committee of the Royal Normal College and Academy of Music for the Blind (--1913--)
- A Vice-President of the Trinity College of Music, London (--1913--)
- Lieutenant-Colonel of the 6th Battalion, The Scottish Rifles (Cameronians)
- Captain of the Royal Company of Archers (King's Bodyguard for Scotland)
- Lieutenant-Colonel of the Lanarkshire Yeomanry
Lord Lamington married Mary Houghton Hozier, the youngest daughter of William Hozier, 1st Baron Newlands, on 13 June 1895. They had two children, a son Victor Alexander Brisbane William Cochrane-Baillie (1896–1951, godson of Queen Victoria and in 1940 became the 3rd Baron Lamington) and a daughter Grisell Annabella Gem Cochrane-Baillie (1898–1985).
Lord Lamington is best known in Australia for allegedly giving his name to the lamington, a popular Australian cake consisting of a cube of sponge cake dipped in chocolate icing and sprinkled with desiccated coconut. The stories of the creation of the lamington vary widely, although in most versions Lamington's chef Armand Gallan at Queensland's Government House devises the cake either by accident or due to a shortage of ingredients. Lamington is also reported to have referred to the cakes as "those bloody poofy woolly biscuits".
The Lamington Plateau and National Park in Queensland, Lamington Bridge in Maryborough, Queensland, Mount Lamington (a volcano in Papua New Guinea), and Lamington Road in Mumbai Lamington High School,Hubli were also named after him.
The Lady Lamington Hospital for Women and Lady Lamington Nurses Home are now part of Royal Brisbane Hospital Nurses' Homes.
- R. B. Joyce, 'Lamington, second Baron (1860–1940)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 9, Melbourne University Press, 1983, pp 653–654.
- Hurlbut, George C. (1891). "Geographical Notes". Journal of the American Geographical Society of New York. 23: 419–420.
Lord Lamington read a paper on his visit to the Shan States on the Siam border. The paper dealt with his journey from Chieng Mai, in the Laos country, to Mung Phoong, in the Sibsong Pana ... A railway to the plain of Chieng Sen was, on Mr. Holt Hallett's showing, sure to be constructed some day, and then the prolongation of it into the rich district of the Sibsong Pana and Yunnan would rest in the hands of the British.
- The Times (London), 1940-09-18, p.7, "Obituary".
- David Merrick (2011). "Abdu'l-Baha in the UK, 1913 (Sohrab's Diary)" (PDF). p. 25 Dec 1912.
- "No. 27419". The London Gazette. 25 March 1902. p. 2081.
- E. G. Browne, The Literature of Persia (1912), inner page
- Journal of the Royal Central Asian Society, Vol. 27, Iss. 4, 1940
- Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
- Post Office London, 1914, vol. 4 (Trades and Professional Directory), p. 1900 (pdf p528)
- "Ladt Lamington". Table Talk. 2 July 1903. p. 24.
- Shrimpton, James (6 October 2007). "Australia: The tale of Baron Lamington and an improvised cake". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
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|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Thomas Henry Bolton
| Member of Parliament for St Pancras North
Thomas Henry Bolton
Sir Henry Norman
| Governor of Queensland
Sir Herbert Chermside
The Lord Northcote
| Governor of Bombay
Sir George Clarke
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
| Baron Lamington