Charles Bronson

Charles Bronson (born Charles Dennis Buchinsky; Lithuanian: Karolis Dionyzas Bučinskis; November 3, 1921 – August 30, 2003) was an American actor. He was often cast in the role of a police officer, gunfighter, or vigilante in revenge-oriented plot lines, had long-term collaborations with film directors Michael Winner and J. Lee Thompson, and appeared in fifteen films with his second wife Jill Ireland.

Charles Bronson
Publicity photo, 1966
Born
Charles Dennis Buchinsky[1]

(1921-11-03)November 3, 1921
DiedAugust 30, 2003(2003-08-30) (aged 81)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
OccupationActor
Years active1950–1999
Spouse(s)
Harriett Tendler
(m. 1949; div. 1965)

Jill Ireland
(m. 1968; died 1990)

Kim Weeks (m. 1998)
Children4
Military career
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Army Air Forces
Years of service1943–1946
Rank Sergeant
Unit61st Bombardment Squadron, Very Heavy
Battles/warsWorld War II
Awards Purple Heart

Early life and war service

Bronson was born Charles Dennis Buchinsky, the 11th of 15 children, in a Roman Catholic Lithuanian family in Ehrenfeld, Pennsylvania, in the coal region of the Allegheny Mountains north of Johnstown, Pennsylvania.[2][3]

His father, Valteris P. Bučinskis, who later adjusted his name to Walter Buchinsky to sound more "American",[2][4][5] was from Druskininkai in southern Lithuania. Bronson's mother, Mary (née Valinsky), whose parents were from Lithuania, was born in the coal mining town of Tamaqua, Pennsylvania.[6][7][8][9] The family had Lipka Tatar roots.[10]

Bronson learned to speak English when he was a teenager; before that, he spoke Lithuanian and Russian.[11][12][13]

Bronson was the first member of his family to graduate from high school. When Bronson was 10 years old, his father died and he went to work in the coal mines, first in the mining office and then in the mine.[2] He later said he earned one dollar for each ton of coal that he mined.[13] He worked in the mine until he entered military service during World War II.[2] His family was so poor that, at one time, he had to wear his sister's dress to school for lack of clothing.[14][15]

In 1943, Bronson enlisted in the United States Army Air Forces and served in the 760th Flexible Gunnery Training Squadron, and in 1945 as a Boeing B-29 Superfortress aerial gunner with the Guam-based 61st Bombardment Squadron[16] within the 39th Bombardment Group, which conducted combat missions against the Japanese home islands.[17] He flew 25 missions and received a Purple Heart for wounds received in battle.[18]

Acting career

Acting training (1946–1951)

After the end of World War II, Bronson worked at many odd jobs until joining a theatrical group in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He later shared an apartment in New York City with Jack Klugman while both were aspiring to play on the stage. In 1950, he married and moved to Hollywood, where he enrolled in acting classes and began to find small roles.

Early film roles (1951–1954)

Bronson's first film role — an uncredited one — was as a sailor in You're in the Navy Now in 1951, directed by Henry Hathaway. Other early screen appearances were in The Mob (1951); The People Against O'Hara (1951), directed by John Sturges; Bloodhounds of Broadway (1952); Battle Zone (1952); Pat and Mike (1952), as a boxer and mob enforcer; Diplomatic Courier (1952), another for Hathaway; My Six Convicts (1952); The Marrying Kind (1952); and Red Skies of Montana (1952).

In 1952, Bronson boxed in a ring with Roy Rogers in Rogers' show Knockout. He appeared on an episode of The Red Skelton Show as a boxer in a skit with Skelton playing "Cauliflower McPugg". He appeared with fellow guest star Lee Marvin in an episode of Biff Baker, U.S.A., an espionage series on CBS starring Alan Hale, Jr.

He had small roles in Miss Sadie Thompson (1953); House of Wax (1953), directed by Andre DeToth; The Clown (1953); Torpedo Alley (1953); and Riding Shotgun, starring Randolph Scott, directed by DeToth again.

Bronson had a notable support part as an Indian in Apache (1954) for director Robert Aldrich who then used him again in Vera Cruz (1954). Bronson then made a strong impact as the main villain in the Alan Ladd western Drum Beat as a murderous Modoc warrior, Captain Jack (based on a real person), who relishes wearing the tunics of soldiers he has killed.

He had roles in Tennessee Champ (1954) for MGM, and Crime Wave (1954) directed by de Toth.

In 1954, during the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) proceedings, he changed his surname from Buchinsky to Bronson at the suggestion of his agent, who feared that an Eastern European surname might damage his career.[19]

As "Charles Bronson" (1955–1958)

As "Charles Bronson", he could be seen in Target Zero (1955), Big House, U.S.A. (1955), and Jubal (1956).

Bronson had the lead role of the episode "The Apache Kid" of the syndicated crime drama Sheriff of Cochise, starring John Bromfield; Bronson was subsequently cast twice in 1959 after the series was renamed U.S. Marshal.[20]

He guest-starred in the short-lived CBS situation comedy, Hey, Jeannie! and in three episodes of Alfred Hitchcock Presents: "And So Died Riabouchinska" (1956), "There Was an Old Woman" (1956), and "The Woman Who Wanted to Live" (1962).

In 1957, Bronson was cast in the Western series Colt .45 as an outlaw named Danny Arnold in the episode "Young Gun".[21] He had a support role in Sam Fuller's Run of the Arrow (1957).

In 1958 Bronson appeared as Butch Cassidy on the TV western Tales of Wells Fargo in the episode titled "Butch Cassidy."

Leading man (1958–1960)

Bronson scored the lead in his own ABC's detective series Man with a Camera (1958–1960), in which he portrayed Mike Kovac, a former combat photographer freelancing in New York City.[22]

He was cast in leading man roles in some low budget films, notably, Machine-Gun Kelly (1958), a biopic of a real life gangster directed by Roger Corman. He also starred in Gang War (1958), When Hell Broke Loose (1958), and Showdown at Boot Hill (1959).

On television, he played Steve Ogrodowski, a naval intelligence officer, in two episodes of the CBS military sitcom/drama, Hennesey, starring Jackie Cooper, and he played Rogue Donovan, an escaped murderer in Yancy Derringer (episode: "Hell and High Water"). Bronson starred alongside Elizabeth Montgomery in a Twilight Zone episode ("Two"; 1961). He appeared in five episodes of Richard Boone's Have Gun – Will Travel (1957–63).

Bronson had a support role in an expensive war film, Never So Few (1959), directed by John Sturges. Bronson was cast in the 1960 episode "Zigzag" of Riverboat, starring Darren McGavin.[23] That same year, he was cast as "Dutch Malkin" in the 1960 episode "The Generous Politician" of The Islanders. In 1960 Bronson appeared as Frank Buckley in the TV western Laramie in the episode titled "Street of Hate."

Leading support actor in Hollywood (1960–1968)

In 1960, he garnered attention in John Sturges' The Magnificent Seven, in which he was cast as one of seven gunfighters taking up the cause of the defenseless. During filming, Bronson was a loner who kept to himself, according to Eli Wallach.[24] He received $50,000 for this role.[25] This role made him a favorite actor of many in the former Soviet Union, such as Vladimir Vysotsky.[26][27]

AIP put Bronson in the romantic lead of Master of the World (1961), supporting Vincent Price. He had a support role in MGM's A Thunder of Drums (1961) but a bigger part in X-15 (1961).

In 1961, Bronson was nominated for an Emmy Award for his supporting role in an episode entitled "Memory in White" of CBS's General Electric Theater, hosted by Ronald Reagan. In 1962, he appeared alongside Elvis Presley in Kid Galahad. In 1963, he co-starred in the series Empire.[28]

Sturges cast Bronson for another Hollywood production, The Great Escape (1963), as claustrophobic Polish prisoner of war Flight Lieutenant Danny Velinski, nicknamed "The Tunnel King" (coincidentally, Bronson really was claustrophobic because of his childhood work in a mine). The film was a huge hit and Bronson had one of the leads, but he still found himself playing a villain in 4 for Texas (1963) for Robert Aldrich.

During the 1963–64 television season Bronson portrayed Linc, the stubborn wagonmaster in the ABC western series, The Travels of Jaimie McPheeters.

Bronson had the lead in Guns of Diablo (1965), a Western. In the 1965–1966 season, he guest-starred in an episode of The Legend of Jesse James. In 1965, Bronson was cast as Velasquez, a demolitions expert, in the third-season episode "Heritage" on ABC's WW II drama Combat!.

He had a relatively minor role in Battle of the Bulge (1965) and was billed fourth in MGM's The Sandpiper (1966), which the popularity of stars Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor propelled to a big success. He was billed third in This Property Is Condemned (1966).

In 1967, he guest-starred as Ralph Schuyler, an undercover government agent in the episode "The One That Got Away" on ABC's The Fugitive.[19]

That year Aldrich gave Bronson an excellent role in The Dirty Dozen (1967), where he played an Army death row convict conscripted into a suicide mission. It was a massive box office success but Bronson was only the third lead. He seemed unable to make the transition to star of major studio films in Hollywood. In Villa Rides (1968) he supported Robert Mitchum and Yul Brynner, playing the real-life Rodolfo Fierro.

Stardom in Europe (1968–1972)

Bronson made a serious name for himself in European films. He was making Villa Rides when approached by the producers of a French film Adieu l'ami looking for an American co-star for Alain Delon. Bronson's agent Paul Kohner later recalled the producer pitched the actor "on the fact that in the American film industry all the money, all the publicity, goes to the pretty boy hero types. In Europe... the public is attracted by character, not face."[29]

The film was a big success in Europe. Even more popular was Once Upon a Time in the West (1968) where Bronson played Harmonica. The director, Sergio Leone, once called him "the greatest actor I ever worked with",[30] and had wanted to cast Bronson for the lead in 1964's A Fistful of Dollars. Bronson turned him down and the role launched Clint Eastwood to film stardom.[31][32] The film was the biggest hit of 1969 in France.[33]

Bronson appeared in a French action film, Guns for San Sebastian (1968) alongside Anthony Quinn. In Britain, he was cast in the lead of Lola (1969), playing a middle-aged man in love with a 16-year-old girl. He then made a buddy comedy with Tony Curtis in Turkey, You Can't Win 'Em All (1970).

Bronson then played the lead in a French thriller, Rider on the Rain (1970) which was a big hit in France. It won a Hollywood Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film.

Bronson starred in some French-Italian action films, Violent City (1970) and Cold Sweat (1970), the latter directed by Terence Young. He was in a French thriller, Someone Behind the Door (1971) alongside Anthony Perkins, then starred in another directed by Young, the French-Spanish-Italian Western, Red Sun (1971). The Valachi Papers (1972) was a third with Young; Bronson played Joseph Valachi.

That year, this overseas fame earned him a special Golden Globe Henrietta Award for "World Film Favorite - Male" together with Sean Connery.

Return to the U.S. (1972–1974)

In 1972 Bronson began a string of successful action films for United Artists, beginning with Chato's Land (1972), although he had done several films for UA before this in the 1960s (The Magnificent Seven, etc.).

Chato's Land was the first film Bronson made with director Michael Winner. Winner was reunited with Bronson in The Mechanic (1972) and The Stone Killer (1973). Bronson worked with Sturges on Chino (1973), then did Mr. Majestyk (1974) with Richard Fleischer based on a book by Elmore Leonard.

One film UA brought into the domestic mainstream was Violent City, an Italian-made film originally released overseas in 1970, but not issued in the U.S. until 1974 under the title The Family.[34]

Death Wish series and departure from United Artists (1974–1980)

Bronson's most famous role came when he was age 52, in Death Wish, the most popular film with director Michael Winner.[35] He played Paul Kersey, a successful New York architect who turns into a crime-fighting vigilante after his wife is murdered and his daughter sexually assaulted. This movie spawned four sequels over the next two decades, all starring Bronson.[36]

Bronson starred in two films directed by Tom Gries: Breakout (1975), and Breakheart Pass (1975), a Western adapted from a novel by Alistair Maclean, which was a box office disappointment.[37] He also starred in the directorial debut of Walter Hill, Hard Times (1975), playing a Depression-era street fighter making his living in illegal bare-knuckled matches in Louisiana. He earned good reviews. Bronson reached his pinnacle in box-office drawing power in 1975, when he was ranked 4th, behind only Robert Redford, Barbra Streisand, and Al Pacino.[38]

Bronson did a Western comedy for UA, From Noon till Three (1976) but it was not well received. At Warner Bros he made St. Ives (1976), his first film with director J. Lee Thompson. He played Dan Shomron in Raid on Entebbe (1977), then was reunited with Thompson in The White Buffalo (1977), produced by Dino de Laurentiis for UA. UA also released Telefon (1977), directed by Don Siegel.

Bronson went on to make two films for ITC, Love and Bullets (1979) and Borderline (1980). He was reunited with Thompson on Caboblanco (1980), and played Albert Johnson in Death Hunt (1981), opposite Lee Marvin.

Cannon Films era (1982–1989)

In the years between 1976 and 1994, Bronson commanded high salaries to star in numerous films made by smaller production companies, most notably Cannon Films, for whom some of his last films were made.

Bronson was paid $1.5 million by Cannon to star in Death Wish II (1982), directed by Michael Winner.[39] In the story, architect Paul Kersey (Bronson) moves to Los Angeles with his daughter. After she is murdered at the hands of several gang members, Kersey once again becomes a vigilante. The film was a big success at the box office.

Cannon Films promptly hired Bronson for 10 to Midnight (1983), in which he played a cop chasing a serial killer. The movie marks the fourth collaboration between Bronson and director J. Lee Thompson. The supporting cast includes Lisa Eilbacher, Andrew Stevens, Gene Davis, Geoffrey Lewis, and Wilford Brimley.

ITC Entertainment hired Thompson and Bronson for The Evil That Men Do (1984), co-starring Theresa Saldana, and Joseph Maher. The film was adapted by David Lee Henry and John Crowther from the novel of the same name by R. Lance Hill. Bronson plays a former assassin, who comes out of retirement to avenge the death of his journalist friend.

Cannon reunited Bronson and Winner for Death Wish 3 (1985). It is the last to be directed by Winner. Kersey returns to battle with New York street punk gangs while receiving tacit support from an NYPD lieutenant (Ed Lauter).

In Murphy's Law (1986), directed by Thompson, Bronson plays Jack Murphy, a hardened, antisocial LAPD detective who turns to alcohol to numb the pain of harsh reality. His ex-wife (Angel Tompkins) has become a stripper and his career is going nowhere. His world is turned upside down when an ex-convict (Carrie Snodgress) frames him for putting her in prison earlier in his career.

Bronson had a slight change of pace with a television film, Act of Vengeance (1986), playing real-life union worker Joseph Yablonski. It was directed by John Mackenzie. The movie is based on the book, Act of Vengeance by Trevor Armbrister, a story about the corruption that occurred during the United Mine Workers' presidential elections in 1969. It premiered on April 21, 1986.

More typical of this period were four Cannon action films: Assassination (1987) directed by Peter Hunt, and three with Thompson: Death Wish 4: The Crackdown (1988), Messenger of Death (1989) and Kinjite: Forbidden Subjects (1989).

Final years

Bronson's first non action film in a long time was The Indian Runner (1991), directed by Sean Penn. He followed this with some TV movies, Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus and The Sea Wolf (1993).

Bronson's last starring role in a theatrically released film was 1994's Death Wish V: The Face of Death.[19] His final films were the TV movies Family of Cops (1995), Breach of Faith: A Family of Cops 2 (1997) and Family of Cops 3 (1999).

Missed roles

Sergio Leone offered Bronson the part of "Man with No Name" in A Fistful of Dollars. Bronson declined, arguing that the script was bad. Bronson was again approached for a starring role in the sequel For a Few Dollars More but he passed, citing that the sequel's script was like the first film.[40] Bronson was offered both the roles of Tuco and Angel Eyes in The Good, the Bad and the Ugly. Bronson wanted to accept but he had to decline both, as he was in England filming The Dirty Dozen.[41] Bronson would later star in Leone's Once Upon a Time in the West (1968).[42]

Ingmar Bergman wanted to make a film with Bronson but the actor turned him down. "Everything is weakness and sickness with Bergman," he said.[43]

He was considered for the role of Snake Plissken in Escape from New York (1981), but director John Carpenter thought he was too tough looking and too old for the part, and decided to cast Kurt Russell instead.

Bronson auditioned for the role of Superman for the 1978 film adaptation, but producer Ilya Salkind turned him down for being too earthy and decided to cast Christopher Reeve.[44]

Personal life

His first marriage was to Harriet Tendler, whom he met when both were fledgling actors in Philadelphia.[45] They had two children before divorcing in 1965. She wrote in her memoir that she "was an 18-year-old virgin when she met the 26-year-old Charlie Buchinsky at a Philadelphia acting school in 1947. Two years later, with the grudging consent of her father, a successful, Jewish dairy farmer, Tendler wed Buchinsky, a Catholic and a former coal miner. Tendler supported them both while she and Charlie pursued their acting dreams. On their first date, he had four cents in his pocket — and went on, now as Charles Bronson, to become one of the highest paid actors in the country."

Bronson was married to English actress Jill Ireland from October 5, 1968,[46] until her death in 1990. He had met her in 1962, when she was married to Scottish actor David McCallum. At the time, Bronson (who shared the screen with McCallum in The Great Escape) reportedly told him, "I'm going to marry your wife". The Bronsons lived in a grand Bel Air mansion in Los Angeles with seven children: two by his previous marriage, three by hers (one of whom was adopted) and two of their own (another one of whom was adopted). After they married, she often played his leading lady, and they starred in fifteen films together.

To maintain a close family, they would load up everyone and take them to wherever filming was taking place, so that they could all be together. They spent time in a colonial farmhouse on 260 acres (1.1 km2) in West Windsor, Vermont,[47] where Ireland raised horses and provided training for their daughter Zuleika so that she could perform at the higher levels of horse showing. The Vermont farm, "Zuleika Farm", was named for the only natural child between them. During the late 1980s through the mid-1990s Bronson regularly spent winter holidays vacationing with his family in Snowmass, Colorado.

On May 18, 1990, aged 54, after a long battle with breast cancer, Jill Ireland died of the disease at their home in Malibu, California.[48] In December 1998, Bronson was married for a third time to Kim Weeks, a former employee of Dove Audio who had helped record Ireland in the production of her audiobooks. The couple were married for five years until Bronson's death in 2003.

Death

Bronson's health deteriorated in his later years, and he retired from acting after undergoing hip-replacement surgery in August 1998. Bronson died at age 81 on August 30, 2003, at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

Although pneumonia and/or Alzheimer's disease have been cited as his cause of death, neither appears on his death certificate, which cites "respiratory failure", "metastatic lung cancer", with, secondarily, "chronic obstructive pulmonary disease" and "congestive cardiomyopathy" as the causes of death.[49] He was interred at Brownsville Cemetery in West Windsor, Vermont.[47]

Filmography

Actor

YearTitleRoleDirectorGenre
1951The MobJack - Longshoreman (uncredited)Robert ParrishCrime thriller
The People Against O'HaraAngelo Korvac (uncredited)John SturgesCrime drama
You're in the Navy NowWascylewski (uncredited)Henry HathawayWar comedy
1952Bloodhound of BroadwayPhil Green, a.k.a. "Pittsburgh Philo" (uncredited)Harmon JonesMusical
Battle ZonePrivate (uncredited)Lesley SelanderWar
Pat and MikeHenry "Hank" Tasling (as Charles Buchinski)George CukorComedy
Diplomatic CourierRussian Agent (uncredited)Henry HathawayMystery thriller
My Six ConvictsJocko (as Charles Buchinsky)Hugo FregoneseComedy drama
The Marrying KindEddie - Co-Worker at Plant (uncredited)George CukorComedy drama
Red Skies of MontanaNeff (uncredited)Joseph M. NewmanAdventure
1953Miss Sadie ThompsonPvt. Edwards (as Charles Buchinsky)Curtis BernhardtMusical
House of WaxIgor (as Charles Buchinsky)André de TothHorror
Off LimitsRussell (uncredited)George MarshallComedy
The ClownEddie, Dice Player (uncredited)Robert Z. LeonardDrama
Torpedo AlleySubmariner (uncredited)Lew LandersDrama
1954Vera CruzPittsburghRobert AldrichWestern
Drum BeatKintpuash, a.k.a. Captain JackDelmer DavesWestern
ApacheHondo (as Charles Buchinsky)Robert AldrichWestern
Riding ShotgunPinto (as Charles Buchinsky)André de TothWestern
Tennessee ChampSixty Jubel a.k.a. The Biloxi Blockbuster (as Charles Buchinsky)Fred M. WilcoxB-movie drama
Crime WaveBen Hastings (as Charles Buchinsky)André de TothCrime drama
1955Target ZeroSgt. Vince GaspariHarmon JonesWar drama
Big House, U.S.A.Benny KellyHoward W. KochCrime thriller
1956JubalReb HaislippDelmer DavesWestern
Man with a CameraMike KovacWilliam A. SeiterCrime Drama
1957Run of the ArrowBlue BuffaloSamuel FullerWestern
1958Gang WarAlan AveryGene Fowler Jr.Drama
When Hell Broke LooseSteve BolandKenneth G. CraneWar
Machine-Gun KellyMachine Gun KellyRoger CormanCrime biography
Showdown at Boot HillLuke WelshGene Fowler, Jr.Western
1959Never So FewSgt. John DanforthJohn SturgesWar
1960The Magnificent SevenBernardo O'ReillyJohn SturgesWestern
1961Master of the WorldJohn StrockWilliam WitneySci-fi
A Thunder of DrumsTrooper HannaJoseph M. NewmanWestern
1962X-15Lt. Col. Lee BrandonRichard DonnerAviation drama
Kid GalahadLew NyackPhil KarlsonMusical
1963The Great EscapeFlt. Lt. Danny Velinski, "The Tunnel King"John SturgesWar
4 for TexasMatsonRobert AldrichWestern comedy
1965Guns of DiabloLinc MurdockBoris SagalWestern
The SandpiperCos EricksonVincente MinnelliDrama
Battle of the BulgeMaj. WolenskiKen AnnakinWar
The Bull of the WestBen JustinJerry Hopper/Paul StanleyWestern
1966This Property Is CondemnedJ.J. NicholsSydney PollackDrama
The Meanest Men in the WestCharles S. DubinHarge Talbot Jr.Western
1967The Dirty DozenJoseph WladislawRobert AldrichWar
1968Farewell, FriendFranz ProppJean HermanCrime adventure
Villa RidesRodolfo FierroBuzz KulikWar
Once Upon a Time in the WestHarmonicaSergio LeoneWestern
1968Guns for San SebastianTecloHenri VerneuilWestern
1969Twinky (a.k.a. Lola)Scott WardmanRichard DonnerComedy romance
You Can't Win 'Em AllJosh CoreyPeter CollinsonWar
1970Rider on the RainCol. Harry DobbsRené ClémentMystery thriller
Violent CityJeff HestonSergio SollimaThriller
1971Cold SweatJoe MartinTerence YoungThriller
Someone Behind the DoorThe StrangerNicolas GessnerCrime drama
Red SunLink StuartTerence YoungWestern
1972The Valachi PapersJoe ValachiTerence YoungCrime
Chato's LandPardon ChatoMichael WinnerWestern
The MechanicArthur BishopMichael WinnerThriller
1973The Stone KillerLou TorreyMichael WinnerCrime drama
ChinoChino ValdezJohn Sturges, Duilio ColettiWestern
1974Mr. MajestykVince MajestykRichard FleischerCrime drama
Death WishPaul KerseyMichael WinnerCrime thriller
1975Breakheart PassDeakinTom GriesWestern adventure
BreakoutNick ColtonTom GriesAdventure drama
Hard TimesChaneyWalter HillDrama
1976From Noon Till ThreeGraham DorseyFrank D. GilroyWestern comedy
St. IvesRaymond St IvesJ. Lee ThompsonCrime drama
1977Raid on EntebbeBrig. Gen. Dan ShomronIrvin KershnerDrama
The White BuffaloWild Bill Hickok (James Otis)J. Lee ThompsonWestern
1978TelefonMajor Grigori BortsovDon SiegelSpy
1979Love and BulletsCharlie CongersStuart RosenbergCrime drama
1980BorderlineJeb MaynardJerrold FreedmanDrama
CaboblancoGifford HoytJ. Lee ThompsonDrama
1981Death HuntAlbert JohnsonPeter R. HuntWestern adventure
1982Death Wish IIPaul KerseyMichael WinnerCrime drama
198310 to MidnightLeo KesslerJ. Lee ThompsonCrime thriller
1984The Evil That Men DoHolland / Bart SmithJ. Lee ThompsonThriller
1985Death Wish 3Paul KerseyMichael WinnerCrime drama
1986Murphy's LawJack MurphyJ. Lee ThompsonThriller
Act of Vengeance"Jock" YablonskiJohn MackenzieCrime drama
1987AssassinationJay KillionPeter R. HuntThriller
Death Wish 4: The CrackdownPaul KerseyJ. Lee ThompsonCrime drama
1988Messenger of DeathGarret SmithJ. Lee ThompsonCrime thriller
1989Kinjite: Forbidden SubjectsLieutenant CroweJ. Lee ThompsonDrama
1991The Indian RunnerMr. RobertsSean PennDrama
Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa ClausFrancis ChurchCharles JarrottDrama
1993The Sea WolfCapt. Wolf LarsenMichael AndersonAdventure
Donato and DaughterSgt. Mike DonatoRod HolcombDrama
1994Death Wish V: The Face of DeathPaul KerseyAllan A. GoldsteinThriller
1995Family of CopsPaul FeinTed KotcheffThriller
1997Family of Cops 2Paul FeinDavid GreeneCrime drama
1999Family of Cops 3Paul FeinSheldon LarryDrama

References

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  6. "Charles Bronson, Actor". Retrieved April 25, 2009.
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  12. "Charles Bronson". IMDb. Retrieved October 28, 2019. Spoke fluent Russian, Lithuanian and Greek.
  13. Ebert, Roger. "Charles Bronson: "It's just that I don't like to talk very much."". Roger Ebert Interviews. Retrieved August 10, 2013.
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  15. Ed Lucaire; Celebrity Setbacks: 800 Stars who Overcame the Odds (ISBN 0-671-85031-8) as well as Ripley's Believe It or Not!
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  17. "Corrections". nytimes.com. September 18, 2003. Retrieved April 28, 2010.
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  19. Charles Bronson on IMDb
  20. Pitts, Michael R. (1999). Charles Bronson: The 95 Films and the 156 Television Appearances. McFarland & Company. p. 313. ISBN 0-7864-0601-1.
  21. Young Gun, ctva.biz, archived from the original on May 4, 2012, retrieved December 22, 2012
  22. "Man With a Camera". TV.com. Retrieved October 11, 2015.
  23. ""Zigzag", next-to-the last episode, December 26, 1960". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved February 21, 2013.
  24. Exclusive interview with Eli Wallach
  25. "Stagecoach to tombstone: the filmgoers' guide to the great westerns". I.B. Tauris, 2008; ISBN 1-84511-571-6/ISBN 978-1-84511-571-5
  26. Владимир Иванович Новиков/V.I. Novikov "Высоцкий/Vysotskiĭ". Moscow: Molodaia gvardiia, 2002; ISBN 5-235-02541-5/ISBN 978-5-235-02541-7
  27. "Живая жизнь/Živaja žizn: štrichi k biografii Vladimira Vysockogo". Moscow: "Московский рабочий/Moskovskij rabočij", т. 1, 1988; ISBN 5-239-00483-8/ISBN 978-5-239-00483-8.(in Russian)
  28. Pitts, Michael R. (1999). Charles Bronson: The 95 Films and the 156 Television Appearances. McFarland & Company. pp. 274–77. ISBN 0-7864-0601-1.
  29. America discovers a 'sacred monster': Bronson looks as if at any moment he's about to hit someone Bronson 'Charlie Bronson really is a guy with a lot of humor and a lot of tenderness, both of which he hides.' By Bill Davidson New York Times 22 Sep 1974: 260.
  30. D'Ambrosio, Brian (2012). Menacing Face Worth Millions: A Life of Charles Bronson. Raleigh, NC: Lulu. p. 123. Retrieved July 20, 2015.
  31. REX REED REPORTS: Don't page Bronson now--unless you have a million Reed, Rex. Chicago Tribune (1963-Current file) [Chicago, Ill] 23 July 1972: j7.
  32. Bronson Stars in Europe Knapp, Dan. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 04 Sep 1971: a8.
  33. Box office information for 1969 in France at Box Office Story
  34. Pitts, Michael R. (1999). Charles Bronson: The 95 Films and the 156 Television Appearances. McFarland & Company. pp. 53–54. ISBN 0-7864-0601-1.
  35. "Charles Bronson". September 1, 2003. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
  36. Dave McNary (June 8, 2017). "Bruce Willis' 'Death Wish' Remake Lands November Launch With Annapurna – Variety". Variety.com. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
  37. Movies: Yesterday's heroism--Could it cure today's ailing western? Siskel, Gene. Chicago Tribune (1963-Current file) [Chicago, Ill] 20 Feb 1977: e2.
  38. Hughes, Howard (2006). Filmgoers' guide to the great crime movies. I.B. Tauris. p. xx. ISBN 1-84511-219-9.
  39. THE REINCARNATION OF A 'DEATH WISH' Trombetta, Jim. Los Angeles Times 13 July 1981: g1.
  40. Munn, p. 53
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  43. "The Man: Charles Bronson: An Enduring Belief in the American Superhero", By Joel Kotkin. The Washington Post, 3 June 1977: B1.
  44. "Look! It's Christopher Reeve". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved August 19, 2018.
  45. "WAMG Interview: Harriett Bronson, first wife of Charles Bronson and author of CHARLIE AND ME - We Are Movie Geeks". We Are Movie Geeks. January 19, 2011. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
  46. Charles Bronson Documentary, Biography Channel.
  47. "Action film star Charles Bronson dead at 81". USA Today. September 1, 2003. Retrieved December 19, 2008.
  48. Yarrow, Andrew L. (May 19, 1990). "Jill Ireland, Actress, 54, Is Dead; Wrote of Her Fight With Cancer". nytimes.com. Retrieved October 12, 2008.
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