Charles-Georges Le Roy

Charles-Georges Le Roy or Leroy (22 July 1723, Paris – 11 November 1789, Paris) was a French man of letters during the Age of Enlightenment and the author of one of the first books on human behavior.

Le Roy was a lieutenant of the royal hunt and a friend of the encyclopedists Diderot, d'Alembert and d'Holbach, regularly attending d'Holbach's salon.

Le Roy's publications began as texts on the behaviour and sensitivity of animals, published under the pseudonym of "the physician of Nuremberg." These appeared in the Encyclopédie méthodique in 1774.

Le Roy was an early advocate of the inheritance of acquired characteristics.[1][2]


  1. Richards, Robert J. (1987). Darwin and the Emergence of Evolutionary Theories of Mind and Behavior. University of Chicago Press. p. 38 ISBN 0-226-71200-1
  2. Robison, Shea K. (2018). Epigenetics and Public Policy: The Tangled Web of Science and Politics. Praeger. p. 76. ISBN 978-1-4408-4469-0
  • Philipp Blom. Böse Philosophen: Ein Salon in Paris und das vergessene Erbe der Aufklärung. Hanser, München 2012, ISBN 978-3-446-23648-6
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