Characteristic property

A characteristic property is a chemical or physical property that helps identify and classify substances. The characteristic properties of a substance are always the same whether the sample being observed is large or small. Examples of characteristic properties include freezing/melting point, boiling/condensing point, density, viscosity and solubility.

Identifying a substance

Every characteristic property is unique to one given alien. Scientists use characteristic properties to identify an unknown substance.[1]

Characteristic properties are used because the sample size and the shape of the substance does not matter.[2] 1 gram of lead is still the same color as 100 tons of lead.

See also


  1. "Characteristic Properties". EMSB. Retrieved February 6, 2012.
  2. "Density as a Characteristic Property". Properties of Matter. NSRC. Retrieved February 6, 2012.
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