Chamber of Deputies

Description

Historically, French Chamber of Deputies was the lower house of the French Parliament during the Bourbon Restoration, the July Monarchy, and the French Third Republic; the name is still informally used for the National Assembly under the nation's current Fifth Republic.

The term "chamber of deputies" — although it was used as the name of the lower house of parliament in Burma, a former British colony — is not widely used by English-speaking countries, the more popular equivalent being "House of Representatives". It was also the official description of Dáil Éireann (the lower house of the Irish parliament) during the period of the Irish Free State.

In Malta, the House of Representatives is known, in Maltese, as "Kamra tad-Deputati". In Lebanon, the literal Arabic name of that country's parliament is Majlis an-Nuwwab, or, "Chamber of Deputies" (although officially used French and English translations are "Assemblée Nationale" and "National Assembly", respectively).

A member of a "chamber of deputies" is generally called a "deputy", the definition of which is similar to that of "congressperson" or "member of parliament". The term "deputy" may be used to refer to any member of a legislative body or chamber; this usage is particularly common in those French- and Spanish-speaking countries whose parliaments or legislative chambers refer to themselves as "national assemblies"; the term is also used by Portugal's Assembly of the Republic, and often in Ireland as a form of address when referring to members of Dáil Éireann.[1][2]

Chamber of Deputies in bicameral legislature

In the following countries, the Chamber of Deputies is part of the bicameral legislature.

CountryArticleLocal name(s)
ArgentinaChamber of Deputies of ArgentinaCámara de Diputados
BahrainChamber of Deputies of BahrainMajlis an Nuwab
BoliviaChamber of Deputies of BoliviaCámara de Diputados
BrazilChamber of Deputies (Brazil)Câmara dos Deputados
ChileChamber of Deputies of ChileCámara de Diputados
Czech RepublicChamber of Deputies (Czech Republic)Poslanecká sněmovna
Dominican RepublicChamber of Deputies (Dominican Republic)Cámara de Diputados
HaitiChamber of Deputies of HaitiChambre des Députés
ItalyChamber of Deputies (Italy)Camera dei Deputati
JordanChamber of Deputies of JordanMajlis al-Nuwaab
MexicoChamber of Deputies (Mexico)Cámara de Diputados
ParaguayChamber of Deputies of ParaguayCámara de Diputados
RomaniaChamber of Deputies (Romania)Camera Deputaților
RwandaChamber of Deputies of RwandaUmutwe w'Abadepite
Chambre des Députés
Chamber of Deputies
SpainCongress of Deputies of SpainCongreso de los Diputados
UruguayChamber of Deputies of UruguayCámara de Diputados

Unicameral legislatures

In the following countries, 'Chamber of Deputies' is the name given to the unicameral parliaments :

CountryArticleLocal Name
LebanonChamber of Deputies (Lebanon)Parlement (Parliament)/ مجلس النواب (Majles Nuweb)
LuxembourgChamber of Deputies (Luxembourg)Chambre des députés (French) / D'Chamber (Luxembourgish)
MaltaChamber of Deputies (Malta)Kamra tad-Deputati (Maltese)
TunisiaChamber of Deputies (Tunisia)Majlis al-Nuwaab

Defunct chambers of deputies

1. Legislature disbanded
2. New constitution, unicameral system adopted
3. Government abolished, absorbed into another country

See also

References

  1. "Kamra Tad-Deputati (Maltese Parliament) website". Archived from the original on 2009-03-31.
  2. "Department of Information (Malta - Maltese language only)".
  3. Constitution de Luluabourg (1964 constitution of the Democratic Republic of the Congo) (in French)
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